Peatlands and agriculture - mitigation, livelihood opportunities and incentives for developing countries

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By Marja-Liisa Tapio-Biström, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This presentation was held at the side event of Wetlands International at the UNFCCC Climate conference in Doha in December 2012. See www.wetlands.org/doha and www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/peat

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Peatlands and agriculture - mitigation, livelihood opportunities and incentives for developing countries

  1. 1. Topics covered1. Importance of peatlands for mitigation2. Priority areas: agriculture and livelihoods3. Incentives for developing countries4. Initiative for peatland mitigation5. Activities of the Initiative & FAO Photo: GEC
  2. 2. Peatlands & organic soils – hotspots for climate change mitigation• Huge C reserve• Threats: fires, drainage and degradation because of plantations, agriculture, forestry and grazing• Huge, continuing emissions from drained peatlands & fires• Emissions reductions and other benefits from: 1) conservation 2) rewetting & wet agriculture - paludiculture 3) adapted management.
  3. 3. Adapted management – less emissions• Minimizing drainage  reduction in peat oxidation and land degradation• Choosing crops: – adapted to high soil moisture – permanent crops – shade reduces surface temperatures• Avoiding plowing & land clearing by fire• Limited fertilization• Well managed grazing: limited heard sizes Jauhiainen et al., 2012; FAO & Wetlands International, 2012
  4. 4. Benefits of restoring peatlands• Water retention: better flood protection & adaptation to water level changes• Safeguarding water quality• Biodiversity conservation: nutritional & medicinal plants, natural protection, game & fishing opportunities• Securing the carbon storage• Reducing risk of wildfires
  5. 5. Livelihoods for communities on peatlands• Developing paludiculture on rewetted peatlands for food, feed, energy & fibre, e.g. construction materials, rubber, raw materials for biochemistry• Other possible livelihoods from peatlands: aquaculture, fishing, hunting, tourism, fire-fighting, gathering… Need to develop livelihoods in cooperation with the stakeholders & put safeguards into place
  6. 6. Finance for peatland projectsfor developing countries Opportunities: Development projects REDD+ CDM Voluntary marketFunds for Capacities Afforestation Afforestation Planning Reforestation Reforestation Not yet operational: NAMA REDD+ Green Climate Fund Source: FAO & Wetlands International, 2012
  7. 7. Global Organic soils and peatlands climatechange mitigation initiative• Aims: reduce emissions from peatlands & safeguard the other vital ecosystem services peatlands provide.• Informal network• Online community for all interested – contact micca@fao.org
  8. 8. Support for countries• Policy support: – New report and materials – Workshops• Knowledge: – Mapping of degraded organic soils started – Data development• Future: support for peatland NAMAs
  9. 9. Thank you!More information:www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/peatMarja-Liisa Tapio-Biström FAOMarjaliisa.tapiobistrom@fao.orgmicca@fao.org www.fao.org/climatechange/micca/peat
  10. 10. Key resourceUpdated 2nd edition:• grazing on peatlands• options for financing• options for MRV Download: www.fao.org/ climatechange/micca/peat Order copies from micca@fao.org

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