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Community Based Approaches: Silvo-Fisheries, Bio-rights and Blue Carbon


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By Mr Iwan Tri Cahyo Wibisono, Wetlands International Indonesia

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Community Based Approaches: Silvo-Fisheries, Bio-rights and Blue Carbon

  1. 1. Community based approaches:Silvo-fisheries, Bio-rights and Blue CarbonIwan Tri Cahyo WibisonoINN Suryadiputra
  2. 2. The historic of Indonesia Mangrove Source :1,638,000 ha mangrove deforested within two decade (1970-1990) RePPort (1987)in WIIP (1999)
  3. 3. Conversion to shrimps ponds; Maindriver of deforestation WIIP (1999) and DKP (2010)
  4. 4. Silvo-fishery» Integration of aquaculture (fishery culture ) and forestry (planting mangrove) practice in the pond area (WIIP)» A form of integrated mangrove tree culture with brackishwater aquaculture (A. Quarto and the Mangrove Action Project). In Indonesia silvo-fishery has been applied since early 90-ies.
  5. 5. Bio-rights “Bio-rights is an innovative financing mechanism for reconciling poverty alleviation and environmental conservation. By providing micro-credits for sustainable development, the approach enables local communities to refrain fromunsustainable practices and be actively involved in environmental conservation and restoration”
  6. 6. Bio-rights in Pemalang district-Central Java Micro creditLivelihood activities Mangrove rehabilitationCrab farming Sea weed farmingmilkfish farming Wild shrimp catch
  7. 7. BLUE CARBON *)Blue carbon is the carbon stored, sequestered and released from coastalecosystems including tidal marshes, mangroves and seagrass meadows.Blue carbon activities refer to coastal ecosystems management activitieswhich result in avoided emissions and carbon stocks enhancement throughafforestation/reforestation/revegetation) *IUCN & CI: International Blue Carbon Policy Working Group held from 12-14 July 2011 at CI’s headquarters in Arlington, VA
  8. 8. Mangrove and Blue Carbon potential Situated on large alluvial delta Situated in marine edge environment Potential avoided emission: 3751 tCO2e/ha *) Donato et al_2011. Nature GeoSience 3 April 2011 Rhizopora apiculata, Y= 2.523 log GBH – 1.943. (Ong et al 2004 ) Avicennia marina (Chukwamdeel and Anunsiriwat - 97) Available for other specieso AR-AM0014 .Afforestation and reforestation of degraded mangrove habitats. UNFCCo ARNM0038 .Afforestation and reforestation of degraded tidal forest habitats. Silvestrumo AR-AMS0003 .Simplified baseline and monitoring methodology for small scale CDM afforestation and reforestation project activities implemented on wetlands., version 01.o Others
  9. 9. Linking Blue Carbon Project, Bio-rights and SIlvofishery ARR-Silvofishery A C-enhancement program Cstock/ha/yr CO2e offset/ha/yr B Milkfish, shrimps, seaweed Aquaculture Income generation (Livelihood) program C Added values>>wild shrimps • Average catch : 1.5 kg of shrimp everyday in one pond, 2 weeks per month. • Potential income from one pond = Rp. 562.500,- to Rp. 1.912.500,- per month (USD 61.5 – 209/month) • Average Catch = 3 kg of shrimps per day. • Potential income by farmer from one pond = Rp. 1.050.000 per month. (USD 115 /month)
  10. 10. WIIP –Accionatura Spain• Voluntary scheme• Target: 10,000 ton CO2e within 15 year• Applying ARR >>> planting mangrove in abandoned ponds• 8 mangrove species• Carbon pools: AGB, BGB, Soil C
  11. 11. Carbon sequestered within 2 year in 9.53 ha thorugh BB COP (Dec 2009-Dec 2011) *Excluding CSoilTotal area : 9.53 HaN sapling survived: 87,914C stock : 393.64 tonCO2e : 1,443 ton
  12. 12. Mangrove c o n d i t i on Taken in July 2010 taken in October 2011
  13. 13. LESSONS LEARNED• Land status (secured for long terms commitment) is crucial for project• Community involvement is very important to safeguard project• Low carbon prices should be anticipated by diversifying activities (incl. ecotourism )
  14. 14. Thank you