How The Americas Change The Long 19 th Century <ul>Robert Wesley Bridger Jr History 141, 71154 </ul>
The Americas In The 19 th Century: Expansion And Blood Canada Close relationship to Great Britain No civil war even though they had cultural differences Westward movement, primarily in fear of the possible encroaching of the United States (Quickly increasing in size) United States Civil War in 1861-1865 primarily due to slavery and states' rights Westward movement, inspired by Lewis and Clark, raising population and the gold rush (Quickly increasing in size) Central and South America Governing themselves proved difficult due to lack of experience After breaking from Spain, constant revolts and civil wars continued to break up the new nations more and more (Quickly decreased in size)
The Americas In The 19 th Century: United States Civil War (1861-1865) Turmoil had been boiling for decades between north and south about slavery and states' rights. Began with the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States in 1860, when 7 states seceded from the Union. The North had 90% of the industry and 2/3 of the railroad, yet it was a hard and bloody fight. In the end the North was victorious and slavery abolished.
The Little Ice Age: How It Affected The United States Caused an increase in foreign immigration to the United States, particularly those of the middle and lower classes. Pushed many Americans to settle the untamed and newly acquired west, starting the United States’ big westward movement.
Frontiers Of The Americas: The Louisiana Purchase In just one day the United States nearly doubled in size with the Louisiana Purchase. The United States(Thomas Jefferson) purchased it from France (Napoleon), during a time of possible conflict to secure the port of New Orleans. Cost was about 4 cents per acre, or $15 million total.
Frontiers Of The Americas: Knife Dueling And Honor During the 19 th century, especially in the borderlands of South America, it was common to see violence, and even murder. There were often duels, which were most commonly done with a foot long knife known as a facon. Honor was held high and was often physically demonstrated by way of violence.
Crossroads Of Freedom: Union Individuals Abraham Lincoln Voted President in 1860, and one year later began the Civil War. Intelligent and diverse. Used politics and the morale of the people to maintain support for the Union’s cause. General McClellan Disregarded orders from President Lincoln on numerous accounts. Despite a charismatic demeanor, he was a remarkably inadequate leader.
Crossroads Of Freedom: Confederate Individuals Robert E. Lee Intelligent General that served in the east to guard Richmond, VA Pushed his men and gained tactical advantage by taking risks Stonewall Jackson Known for his quick moving infantry nicknamed “Jackson’s foot cavalry” Died in 1863 when shot by mistake entering his own camp
Crossroads Of Freedom: Antietam Battle on Union land that repelled the Confederate army on September 17 th , 1862 Union forces led by General McClellan and Confederates by General Lee Bloodiest day in American history with over 6,000 dead Gave hope, and renewed the faith of the northern citizens to continue the fight
Crossroads Of Freedom: North vs South NORTH (Union) Had the advantage of the Navy, which they used to blockade Confederate ports. Also had the advantage the Emancipation Proclamation, keeping European countries out of the war Victorious in 1865 SOUTH (Confederate) In first two years slave manpower helped push along war efforts. Better use of Generals and Commanders, which skill playing a primary reason for promotion not politics.