How The Americas Change


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How The Americas Change

  1. 1. How the Americas Change: The Long 19th Century Robert Wesley Bridger Jr History 141, 71154
  2. 2. The Americas In The 19 th Century: Expansion and Blood <ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close relationship to Great Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No civil war even though they had cultural differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Westward movement, primarily in fear of the possible encroaching of the United States (Quickly increasing in size) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil War in 1861-1865 primarily due to slavery and states' rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Westward movement, inspired by Lewis and Clark, raising population and the gold rush (Quickly increasing in size) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central and South America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governing themselves proved difficult due to lack of experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After breaking from Spain, constant revolts and civil wars continued to break up the new nations more and more (Quickly decreased in size) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Americas In The 19 th Century: United States Civil War (1861-1865) <ul><li>Turmoil had been boiling for decades between north and south about slavery and states' rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Began with the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States in 1860, when 7 states seceded from the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>The North had 90% of the industry and 2/3 of the railroad, yet it was a hard and bloody fight. In the end the North was victorious and slavery abolished . </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Little Ice Age: How It Affected The United States <ul><li>Caused an increase in foreign immigration to the United States, particularly those of the middle and lower classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Pushed many Americans to settle the untamed and newly acquired west, starting the United States’ big westward movement. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Frontiers Of The Americas: The Louisiana Purchase <ul><li>In just one day the United States nearly doubled in size with the Louisiana Purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States(Thomas Jefferson) purchased it from France (Napoleon), during a time of possible conflict to secure the port of New Orleans. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost was about 4 cents per acre, or $15 million total. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Frontiers Of The Americas: Knife Dueling And Honor <ul><li>During the 19 th century, especially in the borderlands of South America, it was common to see violence, and even murder. </li></ul><ul><li>There were often duels, which were most commonly done with a foot long knife known as a facon. </li></ul><ul><li>Honor was held high and was often physically demonstrated by way of violence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Crossroads Of Freedom: Union Individuals <ul><li>Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voted President in 1860, and one year later began the Civil War. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent and diverse. Used politics and the morale of the people to maintain support for the Union’s cause. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General McClellan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disregarded orders from President Lincoln on numerous accounts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Despite a charismatic demeanor, he was a remarkably inadequate leader. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Crossroads Of Freedom: Confederate Individuals <ul><li>Robert E. Lee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent General that served in the east to guard Richmond, VA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pushed his men and gained tactical advantage by taking risks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stonewall Jackson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Known for his quick moving infantry nicknamed “Jackson’s foot cavalry” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Died in 1863 when shot by mistake entering his own camp </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Crossroads Of Freedom: Antietam <ul><li>Battle on Union land that repelled the Confederate army on September 17 th , 1862 </li></ul><ul><li>Union forces led by General McClellan and Confederates by General Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodiest day in American history with over 6,000 dead </li></ul><ul><li>Gave hope, and renewed the faith of the northern citizens to continue the fight </li></ul>
  10. 10. Crossroads Of Freedom: North vs South <ul><li>North “Union” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had the advantage of the Navy, which they used to blockade Confederate ports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also had the advantage the Emancipation Proclamation, keeping European countries out of the war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victorious in 1865 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South “Confederate” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In first two years slave manpower helped push along war efforts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better use of Generals and Commanders, which skill playing a primary reason for promotion not politics. </li></ul></ul>