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Enabling Learning and Assessment

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Powerpoint Presentation for PGCE ELA Module 2011

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Enabling Learning and Assessment

  1. 1. PGCE Coursework Assignment Core Module 2Enabling Learning and Assessment Presented by Wendy Holland
  2. 2. The selection of valid and reliableassessment strategies is crucial to effective lesson planning.
  3. 3. Formative (Assessment for Learning)“… can help learning if it provides information to be used as feedbackby teachers, and by their students in assessing themselves and eachother, to modify the teaching and learning activities in which they areengaged “ (Black et al. 2003, p.2).Summative (Assessment of Learning)“… most frequently applied at the end of a topic or course, is notusually analysed for feedback, but used as an estimate of knowledgeand skills learned in readiness for further applications.”(Child2007, p.501)Learner Centred (Assessment as Learning)“… will reveal not only what students know and understand, but willalso capture how those new learnings came about… and will be usedto provoke further learning and focused instruction” (Earl & Cousins1995, p.57).
  4. 4. Examples of Formative Assessment Oral Gapped questions hand-outsInformal Written Mini white- Observation boards Visual tests QuizzesComputer Word based games Video Crosswords
  5. 5. Informal Observation and Questioning“Formative assessment activities may … be aspontaneous, small scale or even unconscious partof the teacher’s repertoire” (Avis et al. 2010, p.170)
  6. 6. Gapped hand-outs and mini-whiteboards“… ensure that all learners are given the best possible opportunity tofulfil their aspirations, … nobody should be excluded because ofunderdeveloped language and literacy skills” (Appleyard & Appleyard2009, p.5)
  7. 7. Powerpoint presentation tests and video clip recaps“ICT can encompass a wide variety of activities besides e-learning, using computers or accessing the internet. You mightdeliver … a blended approach of traditional teaching supported withaccess to technology” (Gravells 2011, p.69).
  8. 8. Matching word games, quizzes & crosswords“… games can produce intense involvement, and aquality of concentration no other teaching methodcan match” (Petty 2009, p.247).
  9. 9. Examples of Summative Assessment Examples Written testsPerformance of work Competence evidence evidence Formal Oral exam observation Projects PortfoliosSupporting Supplementary evidence Evidence Records of Schedules achievement
  10. 10. Examples of work and formal observation“Performance must be tested using valid assessmentmethods and endorsed by the best currentpractice.”(Jarvis 2004, p.237)
  11. 11. Written tests and oral questions“Although external awarding bodies may offer guidance and trainingwith respect to assessment, it is the responsibility of tutors … to assessand monitor student progress”(Armitage et al. 2007, p.143)
  12. 12. Technical schedules and projects“In … practical assignments it is necessary to strike a balance between theassessment of the finished product/design/result and the skills andknowledge used in achieving that result.” (Huddleston & Unwin 2007, p.185)
  13. 13. Records of Achievement and portfolios Plants as Design Features Methods of Growing FruitBerberis thunbergii Verbena bonariensis Trained as Arch EspalieredTaxus baccata Quercus rober Wall Trained Under Glass“Unlike many traditional forms of assessment, Records ofAchievement concentrate on what students can do rather thanwhat they cannot do.”(Brown & Knight 1994, p.94)
  14. 14. Examples of Learner Centred Assessment Setting own objectives RARPA Informal self Emerging assessment concepts Refection in and on action Learner Led Blogs & ILP e-portfolios Formal self Online referencing Skills tests IDP
  15. 15. Self assessing by target setting and reflection“Personal autonomy derives from knowledge of one’s strengths andweaknesses, learning habits and potential choices for action andprogression.” (Ecclestone 2005, p.68)
  16. 16. Emerging Concepts: RARPA and Learner Led“… giving people access to the outcomes and criteria … not onlyencourages students to engage more actively with assessment but alsomakes evidence of achievement more flexible and therefore lessdependent on formal structures and syllabi.” (Ecclestone 2002, p.2)
  17. 17. e-portfolios, blogs and skills tests“In order to take advantage of the opportunities that ICT willincreasingly provide and to continue to participate in societyrequires that users are able to enhance their skills and knowledgeand adapt to new situations.” (Clarke 2009, p.14)
  18. 18. Individual Learning/Development Plans“… a process in which students’ own starting points are identified andtargets set against which future progress can be assessed. The studentcan then reflect on their learning goals independently of the teacher”(Avis et al., 2010, p.170).
  19. 19. “Like learning and teaching, assessment is not a singularentity. It is complex and dynamic, and it deserves to be differentiated and understood in all of its intricacy.” (Earl 2003, p.13)

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