1. LESSON 16THE REVOLT AGAINST SPAIN
2. How many years did Spain ruled over the
Philippines?•333 YEARS
3. What were the ca...
Juan de la Cruz of Pangasinan. Joaquin Gamboa 1589
– The people of Cagayan killed 2 encomenderos:
MARTIN DE BARRIOS and LU...
LABORIMPOSITION of MONOPOLIESLAND
GRABBING
12. FAILURE OF THE REVOLTSDIVIDE-AND-RULE
STRATEGYNEGOTIATION and ROLE OF
FRIAR...
Dagohoy

Lankan Dula

Tumalang

Raha Sulayman

3. FILIPINO LIBERTARIANS
Happily, Lavezaris kept his word so peace and
frie...
nephew of Lakan Dula and son-in-law of the sultan of
Brunei. 5. *TONDO CONSPIRACY 1587-88
The Spaniards hired native assas...
Bankaw‟ s head was severed from his body and placed
on a stake and exhibit in public as a punishment for
his

The Spanish-...
and swearing „‟ by the light of the fierce flames, their
rash intention‟ ‟ to fight for their rights and liberty.
The term...
Andres Malong ("King of Pangasinan") narrating the
defeat of the Spaniards in his area and urging other
provinces to rise ...
Thus died Silang, the guiding genius of the Ilocos war
of independence.

The Spanish authorities decided to

have him assa...
The Spaniards eventually won, and Apolinario de la
Cruz was executed on November 4, 1841 in the thenprovincial capital, Ta...
unite the whole archipelago

Absence of national

consciousness 20. WHY THE REVOLTS FAILED
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Save meeeee

1,092 views

Published on

Published in: Travel
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,092
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Save meeeee

  1. 1. 1. LESSON 16THE REVOLT AGAINST SPAIN 2. How many years did Spain ruled over the Philippines?•333 YEARS 3. What were the causes of the Revolts?• RELIGION: ANIMISM• RESTORATION OF STATURES• POLICIES: POLO BANDALA TRIBUTO MONOPOLY• DESIRE FOR LAND• PERSONAL GRIEVANCES 4. THE LOSS OF POLITICAL POWERThe 1st revolts were led by former Datus In 1574 – Lakandula and Soliman WHY DID THEY REVOLTED? WHAT HAPPENED IN 1587-1588 WHO IS PEDRO LADIA? 5. RETURN TO THE OLD RELIGIONWho were the people who encouraged people to return to the old religion. WHO IS TAMBLOT WHO IS BANKAW WHO IS CAQUENGA 6. REJECTION OF FILIPINOS FOR PRIESTHOODWHAT IS THE NAME OF THE NATIVEFROM LUKBAN WHO WANTED TO BE A PRIEST? Apolinario de la Cruz A.K.A HERMANO PULE In 1832 he founded the: COFRADIA DE SAN JOSE 7. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICYREVOLTS AGAINST TAX OR TRIBUTO 1762 – Diego Silang of Ilocos, after his death it was continued by his wife Gabriela. 1762 –
  2. 2. Juan de la Cruz of Pangasinan. Joaquin Gamboa 1589 – The people of Cagayan killed 2 encomenderos: MARTIN DE BARRIOS and LUIS ENRIQUEZ 8. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICYREVOLTS AGAINST POLO or FORCED LABOR 1660 – Francisco Maniago of Pampanga 1649 – Juan Sumuroy of Samar 1649 – Andres Malong, KING of Pangasinan invited Ilocos and Cagayan to join the revolt. Pedro Almazan, KING of Ilocos joined the revolt and attacked Churches and ordered 1 Augustinian friar killed. 9. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICYREVOLTS AGAINST IMPOSITION OF MONOPOLIES1785 – Lagutao of Kalinga (The Savior)1788 – Antonio de la Cruz “GUASING” ofIlocos1807 – Pedro Mateo and Ambarsito. 10. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICY LAND GRABBING and REVOLT OF THE PEASANTSWHY DID THE NATIVES REVOLTED?Lands were confiscatedProhibition of cutting of timber forpersonal use1745 – The people of Batangas1745 – Cavite and Bulacan1822 - Cavite 11. WHAT AGAIN ARE THE CAUSES OF THE REVOLTS?TAX or TRIBUTOPOLO or FORCED
  3. 3. LABORIMPOSITION of MONOPOLIESLAND GRABBING 12. FAILURE OF THE REVOLTSDIVIDE-AND-RULE STRATEGYNEGOTIATION and ROLE OF FRIARSBETRAYAL 13. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE REVOLTWhat for you is the significance of therevolts?Should the Filipinos be blamed for theirlack of unity? 1. FILIPINO REVOLTS Spanish religious bigotry or because the people in certain regions of the country wanted to go back to the worship of their ancestral gods. Agrarian disputes with the friars who grabbed the lands of the natives. Religious persecution.** tribute.** Forced labor.** Spanish oppression. ** Hated The people‟ s desire to regain their lost freedom and happiness. * 2. CAUSES OF REVOLTS AGAINST SPAIN Pedro Almazan Samaniego Malong Sumoroy Bankaw Palaris Magalat Diego Silang Maniago Sergeant Apolinario dela Cruz Tamblot Gabriela Silang Agustin de Legazpi
  4. 4. Dagohoy Lankan Dula Tumalang Raha Sulayman 3. FILIPINO LIBERTARIANS Happily, Lavezaris kept his word so peace and friendship were restored Realizing that Governor Lavezaris could not drive away Lim-Ah-Hong, who attacked Manila in December 1574 without the help ofFilipinos, he sent Salcedo and Father Marin to the war camp of LakanDula and Sulayman to persuade them to lay down their arms and topromise that all their grievances would be remedied and those whotook up arms would be pardoned. But he died on August 20, 1572, his successor, Governor Guido de Lavezaris, confiscated their patrimonial land properties and allowed the Spanish encomenderos to abuse and oppress their people. 4. *REVOLT OF LAKAN DULA AND SULAYMAN 1574 - a pact of peace and friendship was made with Adelantado Legazpi who promised that Spain would recognize their patrimonial lands and treat their people fairly and well. He also revealed this to his first cousin Martin Pangan who were then given cruel penalties and were brutally hanged after their secret mission reached to Governor Santiago de Vera. His plan was to kill the Spaniards and set the city of Manila on fire. - The mastermind of this libertarian movement was Agustin de Legazpi,
  5. 5. nephew of Lakan Dula and son-in-law of the sultan of Brunei. 5. *TONDO CONSPIRACY 1587-88 The Spaniards hired native assassins and murdered the valiant leader in his own house. His death caused the failure of the revolt. Sooner, he once more incited the people to rebellion. He killed many Spaniards and loyal Filipinos. The Dominican missionaries of Cagayan persuaded Governor Tello to pardon them then the Governor allowed them to return home. Magalat with his brother incited the people of Cagayan to rise against Spain during the rule of Governor Francisco Tello. The revolt was put down, and the rebellious brothers were kept in Manila as exiles. 6. ** MAGALAT’S REVOLT 1596 On New Year‟ s Day, 1622, Tamblot and his followers were crushed and Cebuano soldiers gave victory to Spain. A Filipino babaylan named Tamblot exorted the people of Bohol to return to the faith of their forefathers and convinced them “that the time has come when they could free themselves from the oppression of the Spaniards, inasmush as they were assured of the aid of their ancestors and diutas, or god ” 7. **RELIGIOUS REVOLT OF TAMBLOT 1621-22
  6. 6. Bankaw‟ s head was severed from his body and placed on a stake and exhibit in public as a punishment for his The Spanish-Filipino forces pursued them and defeated them in a decisive battle. The rebels were offered peace by Alcalde-Mayor Alcarazo, but they spurned the peace offer, and fled to their fortification in the hills. The revolt spread like wildfire to other towns until the whole island was plunged into a chaos of armed resistance. Aged chieftain of Limasawa, Bankaw, who became loyal to Spain, incited the people of Carigara, Leyte to rise in arms in defense to their old gods and religion. 8. **BANKAW’S RELIGIOUS REVOLT 1621 In July 1650, Sumoroy was taken alive and executed When the people of Palapag, Samar, found out that the government would enforce the cruel order, they rose in rebellion under Sumoroy‟ s leadership, and began the hostilities on June 1, 1649. Governor Diego Fajardo ordered the alcaldes mayors of the Visayas to send men to Cavite to work in the shipyards. But the Visayans resented their order because of the hardship of leaving their homes and families. 9. SUMOROY’S REBELLION 1649-50 In the early days of October 1660, the Pampanguenos began their uprising by setting fire to their own houses
  7. 7. and swearing „‟ by the light of the fierce flames, their rash intention‟ ‟ to fight for their rights and liberty. The term „‟ bandala‟ ‟ (written vandala in Spanish records) is an old native word which means „‟ to take with some force‟ ‟ . In 1660, the Pampanguenos rose in revolt against Spain. Their leader was the valiant warlord, Francisco Maniago, a native of the town of Mexico, Pampanga. 10. MANIAGO’S REVOLT 1660 Later, Juan dela Cruz Palaris, a native of Binalatongan, led a renewal of the revolt. The Spanish authorities reviewed the demands of the natives and required the alcalde-mayor of Pangasinan to resign. The people of Pangasinan continued their resistance nonetheless, but they finally defeated in March, 1764. This revolt was led by Andres Malong, who led some natives in Pangasinan to take up arms against the Spanish government and proclaimed himself King of Pangasinan. However his kingdom was short-lived and soon most of his forces abandoned him, enabling the Spanish forces to capture him and subsequently executed him. 11. MALONG’S REBELLION 1660-61 During the revolt, Don Pedro Almazan auto- proclaimed himself "King of Ilocos", but was later captured and executed.he also had a son which the ilocanos proclaimed their prince. The letters sent by Don
  8. 8. Andres Malong ("King of Pangasinan") narrating the defeat of the Spaniards in his area and urging other provinces to rise in arms failed to obtain any support among the natives. A part of the chain to the Malong Revolt was the Ilocos Revolt led by Don Pedro Almazan, illustrious and wealthy leader from San Nicolas, Laoag, Ilocos Norte. 12. THE ILOCOS REVOLT 1661 After suppressing the Malong revolt in Pangasinan, the Spanish moved to exterminate the roots of the rebellion. Chief Tumalang ended up converting to Catholicism. The Zambals then killed Rf. Domingo Perez, a Dominican Friar, after which the Spanish sent additional troops and defeated the rebels. 13. THE ZAMBAL REVOLT 1681-83 Dagohoy Dagohoy defeated the Spanish-Filipino forces sent against him. He established a free government in the mountains and had 20,000 followers. Afterwards , Morales was killed by Dagohoy. Francisco Dagohoy, brother of the deceased, instigated the people to rise in arms. Father Gaspar Morales ordered s constable to capture a man who had abandoned his Christian Religion in the island of Bohol 14. DAGOHOY REBELLION 1744-1829 being the leader of the longest
  9. 9. Thus died Silang, the guiding genius of the Ilocos war of independence. The Spanish authorities decided to have him assassinated since they can‟ t destroy him by arms. Diego Silang – one of the greatest heroes of Ilocandia, roused his people to action and proclaimed the abolition of the excessive tribute and forced labor. 15. REBELLION OF DIEGO SILANG 1762-63 On September 20, 1763, the brave Gabriela were executed at Vigan. Don Manuel de Arza, lieuteneant- governor of northern luzon, captured the fleeing heroine and her followers. The assassination of her husband only make her redouble her effort to seek Ilocano liberty. Maria Josefa Gabriela - the heroic wife of Diego Silang, carried on his unfinished work. 16. GABRIELA, ILOCANO JOAN OF ARC On November 3, 1762, with the Spanish at war with Britain and a British invasion of the Philippinesin progress, a Pangasinense leader named Juan de la Cruz Palaris (also known as Pantaleon Perez) rebelled against Spanish imposition of the tribute. The revolt lasted two years, spreading across Pangasinan and affecting other provinces. The report ended in 1764, when Spanish forces along with some Ilocanos loyal to Spain led by Manuel de Azar hunted Palaris down and executed him publicly. 17. THE PALARIS REVOLT
  10. 10. The Spaniards eventually won, and Apolinario de la Cruz was executed on November 4, 1841 in the thenprovincial capital, Tayabas. De la Cruz started his own religious order, the Confraternity of Saint Joseph in Lucban, located in the present-day province of Quezon , in June of 1840. Because of this, the Spanish government sent in troops to forcibly break up the order, forcing De la Cruz and his followers to rise in armed revolt in self-defense. Between June 1840 and November 1841, this revolt was led by Apolinario de la Cruz, otherwise known as "Hermano Pule". 18. RELIGIOUS REVOLT OF HERMANO PULE On January 20, 1843, the regiment, led by Sergeant Irineo Samaniego, rose in mutiny, eventually capturing Fort Santiago in Intramuros. The next day, however, the gates of Fort Santiago were opened by loyalist soldiers. After a bloody battle, the mutineers were defeated by loyalist troops, resulting in the execution of Samaniego and 81 of his followers the same day. 19. SERGEANT SAMANIEGO REGIMENT The betrayals and assassinations of rebel leaders. Superiority of the Spanish arms Archipelagic nature of the Philippines prevented a steady communication in the provinces. Regional hostility Lack of leaders to
  11. 11. unite the whole archipelago Absence of national consciousness 20. WHY THE REVOLTS FAILED

×