1. LESSON 16THE REVOLT AGAINST SPAIN
2. How many years did Spain ruled over the
3. What were the causes of the Revolts?• RELIGION:
ANIMISM• RESTORATION OF STATURES• POLICIES:
POLO BANDALA TRIBUTO MONOPOLY• DESIRE
FOR LAND• PERSONAL GRIEVANCES
4. THE LOSS OF POLITICAL POWERThe 1st revolts
were led by former Datus In 1574 – Lakandula and
Soliman WHY DID THEY REVOLTED? WHAT
HAPPENED IN 1587-1588 WHO IS PEDRO LADIA?
5. RETURN TO THE OLD RELIGIONWho were the
people who encouraged people to return to the old
religion. WHO IS TAMBLOT WHO IS BANKAW WHO IS
6. REJECTION OF FILIPINOS FOR
PRIESTHOODWHAT IS THE NAME OF THE
NATIVEFROM LUKBAN WHO WANTED TO BE A
PRIEST? Apolinario de la Cruz A.K.A HERMANO PULE
In 1832 he founded the: COFRADIA DE SAN JOSE
7. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICYREVOLTS AGAINST
TAX OR TRIBUTO 1762 – Diego Silang of Ilocos, after
his death it was continued by his wife Gabriela. 1762 –
Juan de la Cruz of Pangasinan. Joaquin Gamboa 1589
– The people of Cagayan killed 2 encomenderos:
MARTIN DE BARRIOS and LUIS ENRIQUEZ
8. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICYREVOLTS AGAINST
POLO or FORCED LABOR 1660 – Francisco Maniago
of Pampanga 1649 – Juan Sumuroy of Samar 1649 –
Andres Malong, KING of Pangasinan invited Ilocos and
Cagayan to join the revolt. Pedro Almazan, KING of
Ilocos joined the revolt and attacked Churches and
ordered 1 Augustinian friar killed.
9. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICYREVOLTS AGAINST
IMPOSITION OF MONOPOLIES1785 – Lagutao of
Kalinga (The Savior)1788 – Antonio de la Cruz
“GUASING” ofIlocos1807 – Pedro Mateo and
10. ABUSIVE ECONOMIC POLICY LAND GRABBING
and REVOLT OF THE PEASANTSWHY DID THE
NATIVES REVOLTED?Lands were
confiscatedProhibition of cutting of timber forpersonal
use1745 – The people of Batangas1745 – Cavite and
Bulacan1822 - Cavite
11. WHAT AGAIN ARE THE CAUSES OF THE
REVOLTS?TAX or TRIBUTOPOLO or FORCED
LABORIMPOSITION of MONOPOLIESLAND
12. FAILURE OF THE REVOLTSDIVIDE-AND-RULE
STRATEGYNEGOTIATION and ROLE OF
13. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE REVOLTWhat for you is
the significance of therevolts?Should the Filipinos be
blamed for theirlack of unity?
1. FILIPINO REVOLTS
Spanish religious bigotry or because the people in
certain regions of the country wanted to go back to the
worship of their ancestral gods.
Agrarian disputes with
the friars who grabbed the lands of the natives.
Spanish oppression. **
The people‟ s
desire to regain their lost freedom and happiness. * 2.
CAUSES OF REVOLTS AGAINST SPAIN
Apolinario dela Cruz
Agustin de Legazpi
3. FILIPINO LIBERTARIANS
Happily, Lavezaris kept his word so peace and
friendship were restored Realizing that Governor
Lavezaris could not drive away Lim-Ah-Hong, who
attacked Manila in December 1574 without the help
ofFilipinos, he sent Salcedo and Father Marin to the war
camp of LakanDula and Sulayman to persuade them to
lay down their arms and topromise that all their
grievances would be remedied and those whotook up
arms would be pardoned.
But he died on August 20,
1572, his successor, Governor Guido de Lavezaris,
confiscated their patrimonial land properties and allowed
the Spanish encomenderos to abuse and oppress their
people. 4. *REVOLT OF LAKAN DULA AND
SULAYMAN 1574 - a pact of peace and friendship was
made with Adelantado Legazpi who promised that Spain
would recognize their patrimonial lands and treat their
people fairly and well.
He also revealed this to his first cousin Martin Pangan
who were then given cruel penalties and were brutally
hanged after their secret mission reached to Governor
Santiago de Vera.
His plan was to kill the Spaniards
and set the city of Manila on fire.
- The mastermind of
this libertarian movement was Agustin de Legazpi,
nephew of Lakan Dula and son-in-law of the sultan of
Brunei. 5. *TONDO CONSPIRACY 1587-88
The Spaniards hired native assassins and murdered
the valiant leader in his own house. His death caused
the failure of the revolt.
Sooner, he once more incited
the people to rebellion. He killed many Spaniards and
The Dominican missionaries of
Cagayan persuaded Governor Tello to pardon them
then the Governor allowed them to return home.
Magalat with his brother incited the people of Cagayan
to rise against Spain during the rule of Governor
Francisco Tello. The revolt was put down, and the
rebellious brothers were kept in Manila as exiles.
MAGALAT’S REVOLT 1596
On New Year‟ s Day, 1622, Tamblot and his followers
were crushed and Cebuano soldiers gave victory to
A Filipino babaylan named Tamblot exorted the
people of Bohol to return to the faith of their forefathers
and convinced them “that the time has come when they
could free themselves from the oppression of the
Spaniards, inasmush as they were assured of the aid of
their ancestors and diutas, or god ” 7. **RELIGIOUS
REVOLT OF TAMBLOT 1621-22
Bankaw‟ s head was severed from his body and placed
on a stake and exhibit in public as a punishment for
The Spanish-Filipino forces pursued them and
defeated them in a decisive battle.
The rebels were
offered peace by Alcalde-Mayor Alcarazo, but they
spurned the peace offer, and fled to their fortification in
The revolt spread like wildfire to other towns
until the whole island was plunged into a chaos of
Aged chieftain of Limasawa,
Bankaw, who became loyal to Spain, incited the people
of Carigara, Leyte to rise in arms in defense to their old
gods and religion. 8. **BANKAW’S RELIGIOUS
In July 1650, Sumoroy was taken alive and executed
When the people of Palapag, Samar, found out that the
government would enforce the cruel order, they rose in
rebellion under Sumoroy‟ s leadership, and began the
hostilities on June 1, 1649.
Governor Diego Fajardo
ordered the alcaldes mayors of the Visayas to send men
to Cavite to work in the shipyards. But the Visayans
resented their order because of the hardship of leaving
their homes and families. 9. SUMOROY’S REBELLION
In the early days of October 1660, the Pampanguenos
began their uprising by setting fire to their own houses
and swearing „‟ by the light of the fierce flames, their
rash intention‟ ‟ to fight for their rights and liberty.
The term „‟ bandala‟ ‟ (written vandala in Spanish
records) is an old native word which means „‟ to take
with some force‟ ‟ .
In 1660, the Pampanguenos rose
in revolt against Spain. Their leader was the valiant
warlord, Francisco Maniago, a native of the town of
Mexico, Pampanga. 10. MANIAGO’S REVOLT 1660
Later, Juan dela Cruz Palaris, a native of Binalatongan,
led a renewal of the revolt. The Spanish authorities
reviewed the demands of the natives and required the
alcalde-mayor of Pangasinan to resign. The people of
Pangasinan continued their resistance nonetheless, but
they finally defeated in March, 1764.
This revolt was
led by Andres Malong, who led some natives in
Pangasinan to take up arms against the Spanish
government and proclaimed himself King of
Pangasinan. However his kingdom was short-lived and
soon most of his forces abandoned him, enabling the
Spanish forces to capture him and subsequently
executed him. 11. MALONG’S REBELLION 1660-61
During the revolt, Don Pedro Almazan auto- proclaimed
himself "King of Ilocos", but was later captured and
executed.he also had a son which the ilocanos
proclaimed their prince.
The letters sent by Don
Andres Malong ("King of Pangasinan") narrating the
defeat of the Spaniards in his area and urging other
provinces to rise in arms failed to obtain any support
among the natives.
A part of the chain to the Malong
Revolt was the Ilocos Revolt led by Don Pedro
Almazan, illustrious and wealthy leader from San
Nicolas, Laoag, Ilocos Norte. 12. THE ILOCOS
After suppressing the Malong revolt in Pangasinan, the
Spanish moved to exterminate the roots of the rebellion.
Chief Tumalang ended up converting to Catholicism.
The Zambals then killed Rf. Domingo Perez, a
Dominican Friar, after which the Spanish sent additional
troops and defeated the rebels. 13. THE ZAMBAL
Dagohoy defeated the Spanish-Filipino
forces sent against him. He established a free
government in the mountains and had 20,000
Afterwards , Morales was killed by
Francisco Dagohoy, brother of the
deceased, instigated the people to rise in arms.
Gaspar Morales ordered s constable to capture a man
who had abandoned his Christian Religion in the island
of Bohol 14. DAGOHOY REBELLION 1744-1829 being
the leader of the longest
Thus died Silang, the guiding genius of the Ilocos war
The Spanish authorities decided to
have him assassinated since they can‟ t destroy him by
Diego Silang – one of the greatest heroes of
Ilocandia, roused his people to action and proclaimed
the abolition of the excessive tribute and forced
labor. 15. REBELLION OF DIEGO SILANG 1762-63
On September 20, 1763, the brave Gabriela were
executed at Vigan.
Don Manuel de Arza, lieuteneant-
governor of northern luzon, captured the fleeing heroine
and her followers.
The assassination of her husband
only make her redouble her effort to seek Ilocano
Maria Josefa Gabriela - the heroic wife of
Diego Silang, carried on his unfinished work. 16.
GABRIELA, ILOCANO JOAN OF ARC
On November 3, 1762, with the Spanish at war with
Britain and a British invasion of the Philippinesin
progress, a Pangasinense leader named Juan de la
Cruz Palaris (also known as Pantaleon Perez) rebelled
against Spanish imposition of the tribute. The revolt
lasted two years, spreading across Pangasinan and
affecting other provinces. The report ended in 1764,
when Spanish forces along with some Ilocanos loyal to
Spain led by Manuel de Azar hunted Palaris down and
executed him publicly. 17. THE PALARIS REVOLT
The Spaniards eventually won, and Apolinario de la
Cruz was executed on November 4, 1841 in the thenprovincial capital, Tayabas.
De la Cruz started his own
religious order, the Confraternity of Saint Joseph in
Lucban, located in the present-day province of Quezon ,
in June of 1840. Because of this, the Spanish
government sent in troops to forcibly break up the order,
forcing De la Cruz and his followers to rise in armed
revolt in self-defense.
Between June 1840 and
November 1841, this revolt was led by Apolinario de la
Cruz, otherwise known as "Hermano Pule". 18.
RELIGIOUS REVOLT OF HERMANO PULE
On January 20, 1843, the regiment, led by Sergeant
Irineo Samaniego, rose in mutiny, eventually capturing
Fort Santiago in Intramuros. The next day, however, the
gates of Fort Santiago were opened by loyalist soldiers.
After a bloody battle, the mutineers were defeated by
loyalist troops, resulting in the execution of Samaniego
and 81 of his followers the same day.
The betrayals and assassinations of rebel leaders.
Superiority of the Spanish arms
Archipelagic nature of
the Philippines prevented a steady communication in
Lack of leaders to
unite the whole archipelago
Absence of national
consciousness 20. WHY THE REVOLTS FAILED