Human Resource Information System


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In this presentation, we will discuss the human resource information system of an organization, which also involves the information processing cycle and proper collection of data to create a meaningful and comprehensive organizational database.
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Human Resource Information System

  1. 1. HUMAN RESOURCE INFORMATION SYSTEMSChapter 3 – Information Technology – Concepts & Issues
  2. 2. Chapter 3 Information TechnologyIt refers to the creation, gathering, processing,storage and delivery of information and theprocesses and devises that make all this possible. InformationWhen computers and other communication devicesprocess the raw data which is nothing but facts inputsto computer, then it becomes information.
  3. 3. Chapter 3 TechnologyIt is defined as the application of science inindustrial or commercial objectives. HardwareIt is a physical entity that we can touch andsee.
  4. 4. Chapter 3 SoftwareIt is a combination of programmes withoutwhich hardware cannot function. Companiesuse software in their day to day business.Example: MS-Office Word, Excel, PowerPoint etc.
  5. 5. Chapter 3 Information Processing CycleIt consists of the following components:InputProcessingOutputStorageDistribution
  6. 6. Chapter 3Basic Structure of a Computer System The Processor Memory Storage Input and Output Devices
  7. 7. Chapter 3 NetworkIt is the process of connecting computerstogether so that they can communicate,exchange information and pool resources.Many businesses now use computernetworks in which every employee who needa computer has one.
  8. 8. Chapter 3 Local Area NetworkThis network operates in a limited areanormally within the range of 10-15Kms.It canbe in a building or in a campus. It consists ofserver and clients. The server shares itsresources to clients.
  9. 9. Chapter 3 Benefits of LANIt allows simultaneous access to criticalprograms and dataAllows people to share input/output devices,such as printers and scannersStreamline personnel communication with e-mailMaintaining backup of data and informationfor future use
  10. 10. Chapter 3 Wide Area Network (WAN)It is a combination of two or more LANs thatare connected together across a widegeographical area.
  11. 11. Chapter 3 Information Technology ToolsInternetWorld Wide WebIntranetEnterprise Resource Planning (ERP)Database Management Systems (DBMS)E-learningDecision Support SystemsManagement Information SystemsData WarehouseOn-line Analytical Processing (OLAP)Executive Information Systems
  12. 12. Chapter 3Social Issues Related to Information TechnologyComplexity and IntegritySoftware PiracyMonitoringHarassmentEmploymentPrivacyAccessibility
  13. 13. Chapter 3The amendments of Copyrights Act in India The rights of a copyright holder Position on rentals of software The rights of the user to make backup copies The amendments imposed heavy punishment and fines for Infringement of copyright of software
  14. 14. Chapter 3 Exclusive Rights of Copyright OwnersA. In case of a literary, dramatic or musical work not being a computer program, To reproduce the work in any material form To issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in publication To perform the work in public To make any cinematographic film or sound recording in respect of the work To make any translation of the work To make any adaptation of the work To do, in relation to a translation or adaptation of the work Cont…………
  15. 15. Chapter 3B. In the case of a computer program, To do any of the acts specified in (A) To sell or give on hire, or offer for sale or hier a copy of the computer program, regardless of whether such copy has been sold or given on hier on earlier occassions.
  16. 16. Chapter 3 The Copyright NoticeWhen authority of the Copyright ownerpublishes a work, a notice of Copyright maybe placed on publicly distributed copies. ACopyright notice consists of:The symbol C or the word CopyrightThe year of first publicationThe copyright owners name
  17. 17. Chapter 3 Copyright EnforcementIf a person produces a work or any part of it without being authorized by thecopyright owner to do so, he is said to have infringed the copyright. Tests to determine infringement as laid down by theSupreme CourtThere can be no copyright in an idea, subject matter, themes, plots or historicalor legendry facts and violation of the copyright in such cases is confined to theform, manner and arrangement and expression of the idea by the author of thecopyrighted work.Where same ideas are being developed in a different manner, it is manifest thatthe source being common, similarities are bound to occur. In this case the courtshould determine whether or not the similarities are on substantial aspects of themode of expression adopted in the copyrighted work. Cont…………
  18. 18. Chapter 3To see if the reader, spectator or the viewer after having read or seenboth the works is clearly of the opinion that the subsequent workappears to be a copy of the original.When the theme is the same but is presented and treated differently sothat the subsequent work becomes a completely new work, no questionof violation of copyright arises.Apart from similarities appearing in the two works there are alsomaterial and broad dissimilarities which negate the intension to copythe original, no infringement of the copyright comes into existence.As a violation of copyright amounts to an act of piracy, it must beproved by clear evidence after applying the various tests laid down bythe case law. Cont…………
  19. 19. Chapter 3If a viewer after seeing a film gets a totality ofimpression that the film is by and large a copy of theoriginal play, violation of the copyright may be said tobe proved.There are a lot of statutory exceptions provided toinfringement in Section 52, the basic purpose ofwhich is to protect public interest and to encouragethe use of all things for academic or other similarpurposes.There are three types of remedies againstinfringement of copyright : Civil, Criminal andAdministrative.
  20. 20. Chapter 3 Civil RemediesIf the defendant proves that at the date of the infringement hewas not aware and had no reasonable ground for believing thecopyright subsisted in the work, the plaintiff shall not be entitledto any remedy other than an injunction in respect oninfringement.The court may grant authority along with his advocate to enterthe defendant’s premises and inspect for any infringement andremove such copies for safe custody without even letting thedefendant know about this order, in order to prevent anydestruction of the infringing copies.The period with which a suit may be filed is three years from thedate of infringement otherwise the claim will become timebarred.A suit may be filed at a place where the cause of action arises.
  21. 21. Chapter 3 Criminal RemediesAny infringement is punishable with a term rangingbetween 7 days to 3 years and a fine of Rs.50,000/-to Rs.2,00,000/-Enhanced punishment is provided for second andsubsequent convictions and the minimum sentence is1 year and minimum fine is Rs.1,00,000/-.In case of an offence committed by a company, thecompany as well as the person who at the time of theoffence responsible for the business of the companyshall be deemed to be guilty of such offence.
  22. 22. Chapter 3Objectives of Information Technology Act 2000Provide legal recognition for transactions carried out by meansof electronic data interchange and other means of electroniccommunication, commonly referred to as “electronic commerce”,which involve the use of alternatives to paper-based methods ofcommunication and storage of information, to facilitate electronicfiling of documents with the Government agencies and further toamend the Indian Penal Code, the Indian Evidence Act 1872,the Banker’s Evidence Act 1891, and the Reserve Bank of IndiaAct 1934, and for matters connected therewith or incidentalthereto.
  23. 23. Chapter 3 Information Technology Act, 2000Chapter lllElectronic Governance Legal recognition of electronic records Legal recognition of digital signatures Use of electronic records and digital signatures in Government and its agencies Retention of electronic records Publication of rule, regulation, etc., in Electronic Gazette
  24. 24. Chapter 3 Information Technology Act, 2000Chapter lVAttribution, Acknowledgement and Despatch of Electronic Records Attribution of electronic records Acknowledgement of receipt Time and place of dispatch and receipt of electronic record
  25. 25. Chapter 3 Information Technology Act, 2000Chapter lXPenalties and Adjudication Penalty for damage to computer, computer system, etc. Penalty for failure to furnish information return, etc. Residuary penalty
  26. 26. Chapter 3 Information Technology Act, 2000Chapter XlOffencesTampering with computer source documentsHacking with computer systemPublishing for information which is obscene in electronic formProtected systemPenalty for misrepresentationPenalty for breech of confidentiality and privacyPublication for fraudulent purposeAct to apply for offence or contravention committed outside IndiaConfiscationPenalties or confiscation not to interfere with other punishmentsPower to investigate offences
  27. 27. Chapter 3Information Technology Act, 2000Chapter XllNetwork Service Providers not to be liable in certain cases Network service providers not to be liable in certain cases (Section79)
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