Span of a Management - Management Principles

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It implies the number of people who are directly managed by a single individual. Span of management is also known as span of control, span of responsibility and span of authority.

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Span of a Management - Management Principles

  1. 1. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-10 SPAN OF MANAGEMENT We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  2. 2. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Introduction • Span of management is also known as Span of control, Span of supervision, Span of authority and Span of responsibility. It indicates the number for people directly managed effectively by a single person. • A sound organization depends upon the effective performance of work by the executives. So, the executives should neither be overloaded nor be idle We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  3. 3. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  4. 4. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Meaning • Span of management means the number of people managed effectively by a single officer in an organization. In an average firm, an executive can efficiently control up to five or six subordinates. • Normally, the members exercising span of control are decreased at the top level management and increased at the bottom level management. Ideal number of subordinates is four in case of higher level management and eight to twelve in case of bottom level management We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  5. 5. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Factors affecting the span of management We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum Using to standards Span of Management Fixation of responsibility Nature of work Level of supervision Character of the supervision work The available to supervisor Leadership qualities Qualities of the subordinate Methods of communication Delegation of authority
  6. 6. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Graicunas theory of span of management A management expert named V.A. Graicunas contributed much to the Span of Management Theory. His theory identifies the relationship prevailing between the superior and the subordinates. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  7. 7. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Graicunas theory of span of management The relationships are classified into three categories. They are given below: • Direct single relationship • Direct group relationship • Cross relationship We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  8. 8. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Direct single relationship • Direct single relationship is one in which a supervisor has direct relationship with his subordinates individually. Genral Manager (Finance and Business Control) Manger (Finance) Manager (Business Control) We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  9. 9. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Direct single relationship • In this case a supervisor has direct relationship with his subordinates jointly. General Manager (Finance and Accounts) Consultation Consultation Manger (Finance) Manager (Accounts) We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  10. 10. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Cross Relationship • In cross relationship, a subordinate has relationship with another subordinate mutually. Vice President (Operations) Relationship GM-Production GM-Maintenance We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  11. 11. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division FORMULAE Number of relationships = n (2n /2+n-1) n refers to the number for subordinates. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  12. 12. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum Number of subordinates Number of relationship 1 1 2 6 3 18 4 44 5 100 6 222 7 490 8 1080 9 2376 10 5210
  13. 13. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CONCLUSION • The number of relationship increases in geometrical progression. • The effective supervision depends upon the efficiency of the supervisor and the number of subordinates to be supervised. The effectiveness of the supervision decreases if the number of relationship is increased. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum

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