2013 HOUSING STATUS
SURVEY RESULTS
A Report on the Sheltered and Unsheltered Homeless in Billings
HUD Defined Homeless
To be counted as homeless under HUD’s definition,
respondents had to indicate that they slept at one
...
HUD Defined Homelessness in Billings

5% Increase
from last
years PIT
results
For every
10,000
people living
in Billings, ...
Sleeping Location


Of the 338 homeless in Billings, 44% slept in an
emergency shelter and 39% slept outside or in a plac...
HUD Defined Homeless in Montana



1,936 individuals were homeless in Montana on January 24, 2013
For the past 3 years, ...
2013 Homelessness Across Montana

Missoula
reported 439
homeless, the
largest
congregation of
homeless in
Montana

439

45...
HUD Defined Homeless in Billings
Age of Billings Homeless

Of the 338
homeless in
Billings, 48
are children

140

129

120...
Overall Homelessness in Billings
THIS SECTION OF THE PRESENTATION WILL ANALYZE THE DATA
INTERNALLY DEVELOPED BY THE CITY O...
Overall Homelessness Defined
HUD
Defined
Homeless

HUD Defined Homeless


Outside



Domestic Violence Shelter



Motel...
Overall Homelessness in Billings








803 overall homeless individuals living in Billings
162 homeless families
...
Sleeping Location
33% of those
homeless in
Billings are
living with
friends or
family on an
emergency,
short-term
basis.

...
Face of Homelessness in Billings
The Billings
homeless
population is
primarily
Caucasian
males
127 individuals
self identi...
Age of Billings Homeless
250

225

Number of Homeless

200

150

138

129
95

89

100

73
50

18
0

17 or Under

18-24

25...
Education/Disabling Conditions
Education
229

250
200
150

107

100

74

50
0

19
9th grade or
lower

High school or
GED

...
Income/Non-Cash Benefits
Non-Cash Benefits

214 Billings homeless have no
reported income

Section 8/Public Housing/Rental...
Causes of Homelessness in Billings
Conflict with
family or
friends was
the most
frequent
reason
respondents
left the last
...
Assistance Most Needed to End
Conditions of Homelessness
Respondents
most
frequently
identified a
job as the
assistance
th...
This presentation and the analysis of the
2013 point-in-time homeless count in Billings
was developed by:
Kelly Fessler
Am...
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2013 PIT Survey Results

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2013 housing status survey results

  1. 1. 2013 HOUSING STATUS SURVEY RESULTS A Report on the Sheltered and Unsheltered Homeless in Billings
  2. 2. HUD Defined Homeless To be counted as homeless under HUD’s definition, respondents had to indicate that they slept at one of the following 5 locations on January 24th, 2013: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Outside or other place not meant for sleeping; Emergency shelter; Domestic violence shelter; Motel or hotel paid for by a voucher; or Transitional housing program for homeless persons.
  3. 3. HUD Defined Homelessness in Billings 5% Increase from last years PIT results For every 10,000 people living in Billings, 33 are homeless Homelessness in Billings from 2006 to 2013 450 Number of Homeless 338 HUD Defined Homeless in Billings 400 402 378 350 293 300 322 312 338 294 258 250 200 150 100 50 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  4. 4. Sleeping Location  Of the 338 homeless in Billings, 44% slept in an emergency shelter and 39% slept outside or in a place not generally meant for sleeping. 1% 3% 13% Outside 39% Emergency Shelter Domestic Violence Shelter Motel/Hotel Paid by Voucher 44% Transitional Housing Program for Homeless
  5. 5. HUD Defined Homeless in Montana   1,936 individuals were homeless in Montana on January 24, 2013 For the past 3 years, 17% of Montana’s homeless population has lived in Billings Montana Homeless Count Compared to Billings 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,616 1,418 1,331 28% 378 0 1,289 1,150 1,000 500 1,936 1,845 1,756 2006 25% 18% 293 258 2007 2008 24% 312 2009 Total Montana Homeless Meeting HUD's Definition 25% 402 2010 17% 294 2011 17% 17% 322 338 2012 Total Billings Homeless Meeting HUD's Definition 2013
  6. 6. 2013 Homelessness Across Montana Missoula reported 439 homeless, the largest congregation of homeless in Montana 439 450 400 338 350 Number of Homeless Despite having the largest population in Montana, Billings does not have the largest homeless population 500 338 Billings Helena 300 300 250 183 200 195 150 100 83 50 0 Bozeman Great Falls Butte Kalispell Missoula
  7. 7. HUD Defined Homeless in Billings Age of Billings Homeless Of the 338 homeless in Billings, 48 are children 140 129 120 100 72 80 60 67 are considered chronically homeless 59% of respondents were male; 41% were female 20 0 41 35 40 6 8 62-64 Over 65 7 Under 18 18-24 25-30 31-50 51-61 Race/Ethnicity of Homeless in Billings 250 204 200 150 90 100 50 0 18 White Hispanic or Latino 13 American Indian Black or African American or Alaskan Native 0 8 Asian Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
  8. 8. Overall Homelessness in Billings THIS SECTION OF THE PRESENTATION WILL ANALYZE THE DATA INTERNALLY DEVELOPED BY THE CITY OF BILLINGS AND THE SOUTH-CENTRAL MONTANA CONTINUUM OF CARE USING A MORE ENCOMPASSING DEFINITION OF HOMELESSNESS.
  9. 9. Overall Homelessness Defined HUD Defined Homeless HUD Defined Homeless  Outside  Domestic Violence Shelter  Motel/Hotel paid by voucher  Transitional housing program Overall Homeless Precariously Housed Emergency Shelter  Precariously Housed        Friends/Family; on emergency basis, short term Friends/family, voluntarily, long term Motel/hotel paid by self Hospital Jail Psychiatric facility Substance abuse treatment
  10. 10. Overall Homelessness in Billings        803 overall homeless individuals living in Billings 162 homeless families 94 homeless families with children 225 homeless children (28%) 14% of our Homeless are Veterans 466 homeless head-of-households 376 HUD Defined Homeless
  11. 11. Sleeping Location 33% of those homeless in Billings are living with friends or family on an emergency, short-term basis. Hospital 2 Other 3 Substance Abuse treatment facility 4 Jail 5 Domestic Violence Shelter 11 Psychiatric facility 15 Motel Paid by Voucher 26 Motel Paid by Self 44 Transitional Housing 59 Friends/Family voluntarily, long-term 20% are living in an emergency shelter 90 Outside 118 Emergency Shelter 163 Friends/Family, emergency basis, short-term 264 0 50 100 150 200 250 300
  12. 12. Face of Homelessness in Billings The Billings homeless population is primarily Caucasian males 127 individuals self identified as Native American Gender of Homeless in Billings Male 60% Female 40% Ethnicity/Race of Homeless in Billings 300 280 250 200 150 127 100 50 0 27 White Hispanic or Latino 14 American Indian/Alaskan Native Black/African American 2 Asian
  13. 13. Age of Billings Homeless 250 225 Number of Homeless 200 150 138 129 95 89 100 73 50 18 0 17 or Under 18-24 25-34 35-44 Age 45-54 55-64 64 or Over
  14. 14. Education/Disabling Conditions Education 229 250 200 150 107 100 74 50 0 19 9th grade or lower High school or GED 24 Some college, no Associate degree Bachelors degree degree 6 Graduate or professional degree Disabling Conditions 160 138 140 120 100 94 91 80 60 60 40 22 20 0 0 Physical Disability Developmental Disability Chronic Health Condition HIV/AIDS Mental Health Problem Substance Abuse Problem
  15. 15. Income/Non-Cash Benefits Non-Cash Benefits 214 Billings homeless have no reported income Section 8/Public Housing/Rental Assistance TANF Services 41 homeless individuals have a full-time job and 71 individuals have a part-time job 8 7 VA Medical Services WIC Income 250 214 12 Medicare 150 50 18 State Children's Health Insurance 200 100 17 71 29 Medicaid 41 106 60 16 8 24 13 SNAP 268 0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300
  16. 16. Causes of Homelessness in Billings Conflict with family or friends was the most frequent reason respondents left the last place they called home. Rent problems was the second most frequent response. Reason for Leaving Last Home Fire 2 Housing Condemned 4 Aged Out of Foster Care 4 Went into the Hospital 10 Overcrowding 15 Sudden & Unexpected Change in Income 28 Domestic Violence 32 Went to Prison/Jail 47 Evicted other than for Rent Problems 48 Rent Problems 65 Conflict with Family or Friends 107 0 20 40 60 80 100 120
  17. 17. Assistance Most Needed to End Conditions of Homelessness Respondents most frequently identified a job as the assistance they most needed to become housed again. Services/assistance most needed to become housed Utility payments 2 Legal services 4 Rent arrears 4 Utility deposit 4 Outreach and engagement 6 Credit repair 8 Moving cost assistance 8 Case management 13 Financial assistance 28 Health related assistance 29 Security deposit 38 Short-term rental assistance 46 4-18 months rental assistance 46 Mental health/substance abuse treatment 50 Housing search and placement 61 Job 74 0 10 20 30 40 50 Number of Homeless 60 70 80
  18. 18. This presentation and the analysis of the 2013 point-in-time homeless count in Billings was developed by: Kelly Fessler AmeriCorps VISTA Billings Metro VISTA Project City of Billings, Community Development Division

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