ReThinking CS Curriculum for Pakistan


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  • Nigel Shadbolt – Prof. at Univ. of Southampton who had initiated the Web Science program in collaboration with MIT
  • ReThinking CS Curriculum for Pakistan

    1. 1. Computer Science Curricula: Are we teaching the right things to our students?<br />Muhammad AtifQureshi, ArjumandYounus<br />1<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    2. 2. Outline<br />Why We Raise this Question?<br />Getting Right the Basics<br />Bad Practices<br />Open Source and Computer Science<br />Rethinking the CS Curriculum<br />Web Science: An Introduction <br />2<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    3. 3. Why We Ask?<br />Steps for improvement<br />Identification of problems  Self-questioning<br />Chalking out effective solutions<br />Implementation of solutions<br />3<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    4. 4. Getting Right the Basics<br />4<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    5. 5. Bad Practice 1: Do Not Run After Tools <br />5<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    6. 6. Bad Practice 2: Realize the True Potential of Computer Science (1/2)<br />New York Times debate on “Computer Science Sputnik Moment”<br /> For students who want to change the world, there is no field with greater impact or leverage than computer science. Just take a look at the 2010 report by the President's Council of Advisers on Science and Technology, which characterized computer science as “arguably unique among all fields of science and engineering in the breadth of its impact.”<br />- Dr. Ed Lazowska (Bill & Melinda Gates Chair in Computer Science & Engineering, Univ. of Washington)<br />6<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    7. 7. Bad Practice 2: Realize the True Potential of Computer Science (2/2)<br />Are we doing these sort of things?<br />7<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    8. 8. Bad Practice 3: Do Not Run After Jobs<br />If you are a Computer Scientist jobs will come to you<br />Industry is not simply about job market<br />Example of South Korea<br />8<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    9. 9. Open Source and Computer Science<br />Sharp learning curve<br />Freedom to modify and play around with code<br />Feel of Computer Science community<br />Sense of accomplishment<br />Do we teach polymer of a specific company in Chemistry or just a polymer?<br />Do engineers learn engine design of a car or specifically usability of Ferrari’s engine?<br />9<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    10. 10. Re-Thinking CS Curriculum (1/3)<br />“While it is true that economy has forced the issue, Computer Science curriculum has never been attractive. It is designed for the sole purpose of producing software engineers. We should aim for more outcomes from a Computer Science curriculum. Programming is only part of the story.”<br /> - Georgia Tech Professor and Computer Science Education Expert Mark Guzdial<br />10<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    11. 11. Re-Thinking CS Curriculum (2/3)<br />To attract more students to computing we need to create more on-ramps (entry points) into the curriculum.<br />Make the curriculum requirements more flexible.<br />Create several CS1 (Introduction to Programming) courses to attract students with diverse interests in computing: web, multi-media, games, robotics, artificial intelligence<br />11<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    12. 12. Re-Thinking CS Curriculum (3/3)<br />A CS1 Assignment<br />Corral Exiting/Escape<br />Imagine a corral (an enclosed area with maze like partitions and an entrance) with a light source at the entrance (as shown in the figure to the right). Given the robot's position, can we design a behavior that will enable the robot to exit the corral?<br />12<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    13. 13. Science of the Web<br />Why we need Web Science as a research field? Because we need a systems-level understanding of the Web. <br />– Prof. Nigel Shadbolt,<br />One of pioneers of Web Science program,<br />University of Southampton<br />13<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    14. 14. Web Science<br />Social and engineering dimensions (New York Times at launch of Web Science Program at Univ. of Southampton and MIT in 2006)<br />Extends well beyond traditional Computer Science<br />The Web isn’t about what you can do with computers. It’s people and, yes, they are connected by computers. But computer science, as the study of what happens in a computer, doesn’t tell you about what happens on the Web. <br />–Tim Berners-Lee<br />One of the founder of WWW<br />14<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    15. 15. Which Science Explains the Web?<br />Given<br />Neither the Web nor the world is static<br />The Web evolves in response to various pressures from<br />Science<br />Commerce<br />The public<br />Politics<br />Etc.<br />15<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    16. 16. Web Science<br />The Web is a new technical and social phenomenon and a growing organism<br />The Web needs to be studied and understood as an entity in its own right<br />Web Science is a new field of science that involves a multi-disciplinary study and inquiry for the understanding of the Web and its relationships to us<br />16<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    17. 17. Why Web Science?<br />Dynamics and evolution<br />The “deep (or dark) Web”<br />Sampling, lack of complete enumeration<br />Scale (e.g., What is the percentage of Web pages updated daily?)<br />Search (e.g., What percentage of Web pages are indexed by search engines?)<br />Web topology<br />Artifacts of social interactions (blogs, etc.), Web sociology<br />17<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    18. 18. What Could Scientific Theories for the Web Look Like?<br />Every page on the Web can be reached by following less than 10 links<br />The average number of words per search query is greater than 3<br />A wikipedia page on average contains 0.03 false facts<br />The Web is a “scale-free” graph<br />18<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    19. 19. Intersection of Disciplines<br />19<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    20. 20. Web’s Relation with Entrepreneurship<br />Web Science represents a pretty big next step in the evolution of information.  This kind of research is likely to have a lot of influence on the next generation of researchers, scientists and most importantly, the next generation of entrepreneurs who will build new companies from this.<br />– Eric Schmdt,<br />Ex-CEO, Google Inc.<br />20<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    21. 21. For Pakistan: Web Science and Technology<br />Job market is heavily consumed by technology of Web solutions<br />Remote industry such as Google, Yahoo, Microsoft is heavily investing in it<br />Business is getting a good amount of share from the Web<br />Social Media reaches people massively than the traditional media<br />21<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />
    22. 22. Thank You<br />22<br /> Twitter: #csibaseminar2011<br />