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Principles of open science

Presentation held at the Intensive Course, Weizmann Institute of Science, Tel Aviv, October 24-25, 2018. iPEN European project (Innovative Photonics Education in Nanotechnology).

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Principles of open science

  1. 1. Principles of Open Science Katerina Zourou, Director, Web2Learn, Greece
  2. 2. Happening now: #OAweek
  3. 3. What is it all about? Events during the Open Access week 2018: Open Science
  4. 4. OSRT/2018/noticia_micro_mooc_2018.html Open Science A world wide phenomenon including presentations, workshops, public events, and also… unconventional initiatives
  5. 5. In Europe… “ ” Open access/open science high in the political agenda
  6. 6. Objectives of the module • Introduce the approaches, tools and common practices of Open Science. • Raise awareness about concomitant terms (Open Notebook, Open Data, Open Research Software, Open Access), as they can directly enrich each step of the scholarly lifecycle. • Situate research outputs in the context of shared economy and values of openness. Open Science 6
  7. 7. Today: a snapshot > Module will made fully available on iPEN’s digital environment 7Open Science
  8. 8. Content Open Science 8 Section 1: openness Section 2: Openness in research: why? Section 3: What is open science? Section 4: open access to scientific publications Section 5: Other forms of publishing Section 6: open access to data Section 7: choosing the right medium(s) to release your research Section 8: Research ethics Section 9: FAIR data management Section 10: Open Science and research workflow Section 11: Open research summary Let’s get started! Will be dealt with today
  9. 9. Brainstorming time! • How familiar you are with the term? • What are the concepts that come to your mind when you hear “open science” ?
  10. 10. Why Open Science? The concept of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is an approach which intends to bridge gaps between science, research and innovation communities and society at large by fostering more inclusive, anticipatory, open and responsive research and innovation systems. "Responsible research and innovation is an approach that anticipates and assesses potential implications and societal expectations with regard to research and innovation, with the aim to foster the design of inclusive and sustainable research and innovation” From innovation
  11. 11. Why Open Science? Open science as a societal change: “RRI is implemented as a package that includes multi- actor and public engagement in research and innovation, enabling easier access to scientific results, the take up of gender and ethics in the research and innovation content and process, and formal and informal science education”
  12. 12. What is open science? Open Science 12
  13. 13. Open Science 13 The Open Science typology from FOSTER EU project
  14. 14. Open access routes Open Science 14 Credit: European Commission, 2017
  15. 15. 2 routes to open access: green and gold • Self-archiving / 'green' open access – the author, or a representative, archives (deposits) the published article or the final peer-reviewed manuscript in an online repository before, during or after publication. • Open access publishing / 'gold' open access - an article is published immediately in open access mode. This includes a fee (Article Processing Charges, APCs) borne by the researcher's university or research institute or the agency funding the research. Open Science 15
  16. 16. Quizz: is self-archiving and publishing the same thing? Open Science 16
  17. 17. Choosing the right medium(s) to release your research There are several publicly accessible spaces where publications can be uploaded and shared, such as • Zenodo; •; • ResearchGate; • The online repository of your institution and figshare for open data. What are their differences? Which ones do you use? Open Science 17
  18. 18. The Open access requirement in EU Requirement to: • release all scientific results (publications) in open access; full justification in case of impossibility to do so • since 2018 the same applies to data (Data Management Plans a condition for eligibility of EU funded proposals). The piloting phase where open access to data was optional, is over. Open Science 18
  19. 19. Creating a Data Management Plan Understanding and creating a Data Management Plan (DMP) and Open Science 19
  20. 20. What advantages and disasvantages do you see in open science? Post-it session Open Science 20
  21. 21. EU indicative resources • A comprehensive website on Open access in the European Union • Open Access and Data Management in the European Union dissemination_en.htm • European Open Science Cloud cloud • Open Science and Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) principle: the ORION project • An outstanding project on Open Science in Europe: FOSTER project • OPENAIRE: a project supporting the implementation of Open Access in Europe Open Science 21
  22. 22. Thank you! @web2Learn_eu Web2Learn_eu 22 All slides available at
  23. 23. Credits • Understanding and creating a Data Management Plan (DMP): and • The Open Science taxonomy, FOSTER project • What is open science?PhD TV