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Véhicule autonome et infrastructures | Emerging Trend #1 _ v2

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(Version 2, Mise à jour septembre 2018)

Le déploiement du véhicule autonome est appelé à s’échelonner sur plusieurs décennies. Comment adapter les aménagements urbains et les infrastructures à la technologie et aux usages pendant cette longue période de transition ?

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Véhicule autonome et infrastructures | Emerging Trend #1 _ v2

  1. 1. CONNECTED VEHICLES AND AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES TOWARDS NEW INFRASTRUCTURE
  2. 2. A REVOLUTION ? CONNECTED AND AUTONOMOUS CARS How will they impact the infrastructure? How will they change our businesses?
  3. 3. THE RISE OF CONNECTED AND AUTONOMOUS CARS
  4. 4. TODAY, ANY CAR IS VIRTUALLY CONNECTED 1.
  5. 5. FOUR TECHNOLOGIES REVOLUTIONIZING CARS Sensors to produce data : GPS, radar, camera, lidar Cloud services to store data Connection to share data : internet, 4G/5G, Wifi, DSRC, LPWD Processins power (GPU), advanced algorithms (IA, deep learning)
  6. 6. THE CONNECTED CAR IS ALREADY THERE! Imported connectivity: smartphones and mobile sensors Embedded connectivity: IVI, navigation services, data services, road side assistance, fleet management
  7. 7. FROM OWNERSHIP TO ON-DEMAND AS MOBILITY BECOMES A SERVICE, CARS BECOME A MERE COMMODITY Ridehailing CarsharingRidesharing
  8. 8. Media: Accessing infotainment content during the trip Service providers: Offering parkings, predictive services, maintenance services, charging services for EVs Insurance: Customing insurance models adpated to driver’s individual behaviors Shops: Recommending stores and local points of interest THE CONNECTED CAR BECOMES A PLATFORM TO ENABLE NEW SERVICES Navigation: Live traffic information, smart road planned
  9. 9. HERE COMES THE AUTONOMOUS CAR 2.
  10. 10. THE AUTONOMOUS CAR The autonomous car will transform the driver into a traveller who doesn’t need to use the steering wheel and the pedals anymore.
  11. 11. FIVE STEPS TO FULL AUTONOMY The infrastructure needs to be ready at each stage of the process to facilitate development and to ensure optimal safety Driving assistance Example: Speed limiter Partial autonomy Example: Park assist Conditional autonomy Example: Eyes-off Traffic Jam Pilot High autonomy Full autonomy in certain operating conditions Full autonomy The driver becomes a passenger, no controls TODAY 1 2 3 4 5
  12. 12. LIDAR, RADAR, CAMERA: THE MAIN SENSORS OF THE AUTONOMOUS CAR Cameras High accuracy color detection but limited range and affected by the weatherRadar Operates night and day, locates objects Lidar "Light Detection and Ranging", operates night and day, clasifies objects
  13. 13. AUTONOMY BEYOND INDIVIDUAL CARS 3.
  14. 14. INDIVIDUALS CARS, BUT NOT ONLY... Trucks & Road Freight New Public TransportMines & Quarries Tractors & Agricultural Machinery
  15. 15. Retail : Development of home delivery services Telecoms : Deployment of new, more powerful and robust networks Automotive Industry : Remain in car manufacturing, while becoming provides and potentially become fully developed mobility operators Media : Monetization of data Increase in advertising and subscription revenues (est. 100 billion dollars in 2030) Logistics : Platooning Last mile delivery 24/7 New freight infrastructure Predictive maintenance Finance : New business models emerge as the automotive industry shifts from private car ownership towards car sharing and fleets Health : More responsive emergency services. Reduction in the frequency of accidents per vehicle (-80% expected by 2040) Insurance : New insurance models Data processing for risk calculation and compensation Energy : Growth in electricity demand. Closer cooperation between energy suppliers and infrastructure operators Public Sector : Reduction of traffic violations New taxation models for new car-related usages REVIEW OF THE IMPACTS OF AUTONOMOUS MOBILITY ON THE ECONOMY
  16. 16. AN UPHEAVAL OF MOBILITY INFRASTRUCTURE
  17. 17. THE AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE: FIVE IMPACTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE Road signage and road-car interaction New usage and impacts on infrastructure New energy and connectivity infrastructure Data: a new player in infrastructure Smart cars and value chain transformation
  18. 18. ROAD SIGNAGE AND ROAD-CAR INTERACTION 1.
  19. 19. A.NEW SIGNAGE GEARED TOWARDS CARS C.FROM PHYSICAL SIGNAGE TO VIRTUAL SIGNAGE? B.TOWARDS THE CONNECTED ROAD
  20. 20. A.NEW SIGNAGE GEARED TOWARDS CARS Transition from signage for humans towards signage for cars
  21. 21. B.TOWARDS THE CONNECTED ROAD Connecting infrastructure to enable it to interact with vehicles NEUL : Neul entered a partnership with the British Department for Transports in order to develop a connected highway which gathers data and sends it to the drivers’ smartphones.
  22. 22. C.FROM PHYSICAL SIGNAGE TO VIRTUAL SIGNAGE? A virtual signage could double the physical signage HERE MAPS : Here Maps was developed by Nokia and acquired by Daimler and BMW. It provides autonomous cars with maps.
  23. 23. NEW USAGE AND IMPACTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE 2.
  24. 24. A.TRANSPORTING GOODS B.A NEW ORGANIZATION OF ROADS C.REDEFINING ROAD SPACE D.NEED FOR CAR PARK RECONVERSION?
  25. 25. A.TRANSPORTING GOODS Optimized mobility of goods on high-speed roads PLATOONING : Road "trains" of autonomous trucks can help reduce fuel consumption thanks to enhanced aerodynamism
  26. 26. B.A NEW ORGANIZATION OF ROADS Roads must be adapted to suit new uses and new types of vehicles in circulation HOV : High-Occupancy Vehicle lanes are restricted traffic lanes for the exclusive use of vehicles with a driver and one or more passengers.
  27. 27. C.REDEFINING ROAD SPACE Occupancy: road capacity and traffic could be improved by shared autonomous services and shorter vehicle interdistances New needs: wayside areas for shared mobility services
  28. 28. D.NEED FOR CAR PARK RECONVERSION? The generalisation of autonomous vehiclues on the move around the clock might lead to car parks relocation and conversion of urban parking areas In large US cities, up to 30%of traffic is caused by people looking for parking
  29. 29. NEW INFRASTRUCTURE: ENERGY AND CONNECTIVITY 3.
  30. 30. A.ENERGY SUPPLY: A MAJOR CHALLENGE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE B.NEW CONNECTIVITY INFRASTRUCTURE
  31. 31. A.ENERGY SUPPLY: A MAJOR CHALLENGE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE Gradual shift towards electric mobility requires the multiplication of charging stations (and transformations in the production and distribution infrastructure)
  32. 32. B.NEW CONNECTIVITY INFRASTRUCTURE Availability and quality of connectivity become prerequisites for mobility
  33. 33. DATA: A NEW PLAYER IN INFRASTRUCTURE 4.
  34. 34. DATA, A NEW PLAYER IN INFRASTRUCTURE Improved design: Flow analysis reshapes the urban grid Improved maintenance: Developing predictive analysis models Improved utilisation: Processing data in real time to optimize car traffic
  35. 35. SMART CARS AND VALUE CHAIN EVOLUTION 5.
  36. 36. SMART CARS AND VALUE CHAIN EVOLUTION Gradual blurring of boundaries between industries Growing importance of B2BNew pricing models
  37. 37. AND NOW ? The deployment of autonomous vehicles is likely to span several decades. How can urban development and infrastructure be adapted to technology and usages during this long transition period?
  38. 38. DIFFERENT PACES OF DEPLOYMENT IN TERRITORIES Major intercity routes Small towns and rural areas Large cities and suburbs
  39. 39. CHALLENGES TO OVERCOME Psychological factors Social factors Regulatory factors
  40. 40. Leonard is the VINCI Group’s platform for foresight and innovation We aim at inventing the services, facilities and infrastructure of tomorrow. WHAT IS LEONARD? To find out more, please visit leonard.vinci.com  and follow us on Twitter @WeAreLeonard If you have ideas or projects to share on the subject, please write to: contact.leonard@vinci.com

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