C -ing the Future   the coming convergence of: C ontent,   C ompetencies and  C ontext Towards a more holistic perspective...
[email_address] Strategic Futurist President & Co-Founder Learnativity.org Chair, IEEE Learning Technology Standards Commi...
www.creativecommons.org
Grand Vision <ul><li>In a word? PERSONALIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Or if you insist on a prefix call it..) </li></ul><...
Maybe Goldilocks had it right all along? The ideal is  “just right”…. <ul><li>Just the right  CONTENT , to </li></ul><ul><...
“ C -ing the Future” C ontent,  C ompetencies C ontext LEARNING & PERFORMANCE CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
“ C-ing” the Future <ul><li>C ontent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving toward a supply chain model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
It all depends upon…………….. METADATA CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
“ C -ing the Future” C ontent,  C ompetencies C ontext CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
“ C-ing” the Future:  C ontent <ul><ul><li>Get small! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divide & Conquer: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
“ C -ing the Future” C ontent  C ompetencies C ontext CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
“ C-ing” the Future:  C ompetencies <ul><ul><li>Competencies are the next “content”?  Déjà vu all over again </li></ul></u...
“ Individualized” Career Development The Navy “5 Vector Model” Universal Quals Apprentice Journeyman Master Recruit EM Qua...
LEARNING OBJECTS <ul><li>The world of CONTENT </li></ul>
Learning Objects:  The Past <ul><li>Learning Objects initially proposed in 1992 with LALO </li></ul><ul><li>A Lego model o...
Learning Objects:  The Present <ul><li>Enormous popularity of the term and the basic approach of modularity </li></ul><ul>...
Learning Objects:  Myths & Misunderstandings <ul><li>Can’t have both Reusability AND context </li></ul><ul><li>No such thi...
Learning Objects:  Challenges <ul><li>Have not hit the tipping point of modularity yet </li></ul><ul><li>Separating conten...
Universal Object Model? Principle Fact Process Overview Procedure Text Audio Summary Concept ENABLING Objective E nabling ...
SkillObject ™ 0
Learning Objectives:  (ELO + TLO) Connecting Competencies & Content Content Human Competencies Performance Based Learning ...
Learning Objective Selection Intention  determines Domain as well as Domain Category.  Once Intention has been determined,...
Learning OBJECTIVE Statements: Connecting Competencies to Content for Performance
Universal Object Model? Principle Fact Process Overview Procedure Text Audio Summary Concept Principle Process Concept Pro...
Universal Object Model? Principle Fact Process Overview Procedure Text Audio Summary Concept Principle Process Concept Pro...
MC 2 :  M ass  C ontribution  x  M ass  C ustomisation <ul><ul><li>Toffler’s “Pro-Sumer: society coming true!  </li></ul><...
“ C -ing the Future” C ontent C ompetencies C ontext CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
“ C-ing” the Future:  C ontext <ul><ul><li>“ Context aware”  learning & content assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contex...
“ C-ing” the Future FASTER:   M etadata <ul><ul><li>Automated metadata! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tagging and leverag...
Open feedback http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/empirical/   Attention metadata
User feedback
Contextual and Automated Metadata Generation (AMG) http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/amg/
STANDARDS
SCORM 2004 now available! It is stable and ready for production level use.  Get going with your implementations!
Coming Next: CORDRA! <ul><ul><li>C ontent  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O bject  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R epository  </l...
CORDRA “Triangle” Discovery Delivery Context Identification Location Resolution Retrieval See  www.cordra.org  for details...
ELF: eLearning Framework http://www.elframework.org/framework/
Pandora and the Music Genome Project
In closing: <ul><li>Don’t stand BESIDE or BEHIND those who have gone before you, STAND ON THEIR SHOULDERS! </li></ul><ul><...
Innovation not replication! <ul><li>Let’s stop “flapping”  </li></ul><ul><li>and replicating past artifacts </li></ul><ul>...
¡gracias! For Questions & Comments please contact: [email_address] For Slides and much much more @ www.autodesk.com/wayneh...
Competency Study Groups Initiative <ul><li>Initiated by IEEE LTSC </li></ul><ul><li>“ competencies” includes: </li></ul><u...
How to get involved: <ul><ul><li>Sign up for online forum  at  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/StudyGroup-Competencies </li>...
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Keynote LACLO: Latin America Conference on Learning Objects

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slides from my keynote presentation at the first Latin American Conference on Learning Objects (LACLO) held in Guayaquil Ecuador on Oct.24-27, 2006. See blog for more details at www.autodesk.com/waynehodgins

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  • Keynote LACLO: Latin America Conference on Learning Objects

    1. 1. C -ing the Future  the coming convergence of: C ontent, C ompetencies and C ontext Towards a more holistic perspective on learning and performance Wayne Hodgins
    2. 2. [email_address] Strategic Futurist President & Co-Founder Learnativity.org Chair, IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee Learning Object Metadata 0 Strategic Advisor
    3. 3. www.creativecommons.org
    4. 4. Grand Vision <ul><li>In a word? PERSONALIZATION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Or if you insist on a prefix call it..) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>me Learning! </li></ul><ul><li>Personalized Learning Experiences for every person every day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>all 6.4 billion of us -- every day!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Just for me and just right: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time, place, amount, device, medium, way… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On demand, adaptive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Markets of one: Billions of Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Learning in ALL forms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal AND informal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not just online, on computer, on screen, etc, but every where, every time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ When the learner is ready the ‘teacher’ will appear.” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Maybe Goldilocks had it right all along? The ideal is “just right”…. <ul><li>Just the right CONTENT , to </li></ul><ul><li>Just the right PERSON , with </li></ul><ul><li>Just the right PARTNERS , at </li></ul><ul><li>Just the right TIME , on </li></ul><ul><li>Just the right DEVICE , in </li></ul><ul><li>Just the right CONTEXT , and </li></ul><ul><li>Just the right WAY ……… </li></ul>UP
    6. 6. “ C -ing the Future” C ontent, C ompetencies C ontext LEARNING & PERFORMANCE CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
    7. 7. “ C-ing” the Future <ul><li>C ontent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving toward a supply chain model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repositories, discovery, assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C ompetencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are following similar exponential curve and revolution as content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to content objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES are the critical “connective tissue”!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>C ontext </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location based learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjective metadata, pattern recognition, etc. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. It all depends upon…………….. METADATA CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
    9. 9. “ C -ing the Future” C ontent, C ompetencies C ontext CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
    10. 10. “ C-ing” the Future: C ontent <ul><ul><li>Get small! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divide & Conquer: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Separating raw content, metadata, format, sequencing, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving supply chain model for content development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repositories, GUIDs, discovery, resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CORDRA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metadata: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tagging everything with everything </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automated metadata generation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic assembly AND delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customized content strategy and a reference models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content management absolute critical! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Could be limited to “learning content management” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Best as complete content management (all content) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Converting content from a “product” to a “service” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>changing the business models to go along with this. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. “ C -ing the Future” C ontent C ompetencies C ontext CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
    12. 12. “ C-ing” the Future: C ompetencies <ul><ul><li>Competencies are the next “content”? Déjà vu all over again </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Following similar exponential curve and revolution as content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Severe granularity: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skills, Knowledge, Abilities, Behaviors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to learning/performance objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES are the critical “connective tissue”!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance basis for learning, training and education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributions and involvement with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>new EU “TEN Competence” project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New IEEE LTSC Competencies group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>human cognome project </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GLOBE is a GREAT example! http://globe.edna.edu.au / </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developing detailed competency taxonomies & databases </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. “ Individualized” Career Development The Navy “5 Vector Model” Universal Quals Apprentice Journeyman Master Recruit EM Quals First line Leader Foundational Leader Primary Leader Advanced Leader Command Leader Executive Leader Platform Career Options EM Gas Turbine 5VM (DDG-51) Engineering Quals PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT LEADERSHIP CERTS | QUALS PERFORMANCE Industry Certs Personal Dev SO Personal Dev SO Personal Dev SO Lifelong Learning Lifelong Learning Lifelong Learning Master S/O Journeyman S/O Apprentice S/O E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9 Recruit S/O EM2 Sciulli Universal Quals Engineering Quals EM Quals Universal Quals Engineering Quals EM Quals Industry Certs Industry Certs Industry Certs Apprentice Positions Journeyman Positions Master Positions Selected Electricians All Electricians
    14. 14. LEARNING OBJECTS <ul><li>The world of CONTENT </li></ul>
    15. 15. Learning Objects: The Past <ul><li>Learning Objects initially proposed in 1992 with LALO </li></ul><ul><li>A Lego model of modularity </li></ul>
    16. 16. Learning Objects: The Present <ul><li>Enormous popularity of the term and the basic approach of modularity </li></ul><ul><li>Growing demand for dynamic “just the right” content </li></ul><ul><li>Critical role of accredited and other standards </li></ul>
    17. 17. Learning Objects: Myths & Misunderstandings <ul><li>Can’t have both Reusability AND context </li></ul><ul><li>No such thing as RLO’s! </li></ul><ul><li>how small the level of granularity is </li></ul><ul><li>the roles of richness and metadata in the model </li></ul><ul><li>the “nested” nature of the model </li></ul><ul><li>the ability to deliver both maximum “context” (learning) and maximum reusability and repurposing </li></ul><ul><li>the degree of mass customization and ultimately personalization this enables </li></ul><ul><li>the connection to skills and competencies through objectives </li></ul>
    18. 18. Learning Objects: Challenges <ul><li>Have not hit the tipping point of modularity yet </li></ul><ul><li>Separating content down to “raw” level </li></ul><ul><li>Treating content as an island, no inclusion of Context and Competencies yet </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of shareable and reusable OBJECTIVE statements </li></ul>
    19. 19. Universal Object Model? Principle Fact Process Overview Procedure Text Audio Summary Concept ENABLING Objective E nabling L earning O bject T erminal L earning O bject Animation Simulation illustration TERMINAL Objective Common Content Application Specific Profiles Repurposed with Permission: W.Hodgins ©1992 Learnativity “ Raw” Data & Media Elements Information Blocks CONTENT ASSETS 0 SkillObject
    20. 20. SkillObject ™ 0
    21. 21. Learning Objectives: (ELO + TLO) Connecting Competencies & Content Content Human Competencies Performance Based Learning OBJECTIVES SkillObjects 0 Learner Context TLO’s + ELO’s My Learning Path Org. Performance
    22. 22. Learning Objective Selection Intention determines Domain as well as Domain Category. Once Intention has been determined, the verb can be retrieved from repository (via Domain and Category) or could be done directly from repository itself. Verb Repository Intention Conditions Audience Domain Category
    23. 23. Learning OBJECTIVE Statements: Connecting Competencies to Content for Performance
    24. 24. Universal Object Model? Principle Fact Process Overview Procedure Text Audio Summary Concept Principle Process Concept Procedure Fact Overview Summary Objective E nabling L earning O bject T erminal L earning O bject Collections ( Courses , Stories,) Animation Simulation illustration Objective Theme Enabling Objective Terminal Objective Common Content Application Specific Profiles Repurposed with Permission: W.Hodgins ©1992 Learnativity “ Raw” Data & Media Elements Information Blocks CONTENT ASSETS 0 SkillObject
    25. 25. Universal Object Model? Principle Fact Process Overview Procedure Text Audio Summary Concept Principle Process Concept Procedure Fact Overview Summary Objective E nabling L earning O bject T erminal L earning O bject Collections ( Courses , Stories,) Animation Simulation illustration Objective Theme Enabling Objective Terminal Objective Common Content Application Specific Profiles Repurposed with Permission: W.Hodgins ©1992 Learnativity “ Raw” Data & Media Elements Information Blocks CONTENT ASSETS 0 SkillObject CONTEXT ReUSABILITY
    26. 26. MC 2 : M ass C ontribution x M ass C ustomisation <ul><ul><li>Toffler’s “Pro-Sumer: society coming true! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a la Alvin Toffler “Future Shock” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Personalized mass production </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lands End pants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NBA “your highlight film” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Think: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DNA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible Manufacturing & Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre built Mini-Components & Capabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Value Proposition is in the DESIGN & ASSEMBLY not the parts! </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICE-like characteristics! </li></ul><ul><li>as opposed to “product-like” </li></ul>0
    27. 27. “ C -ing the Future” C ontent C ompetencies C ontext CONTENT CONTEXT COMPETENCE
    28. 28. “ C-ing” the Future: C ontext <ul><ul><li>“ Context aware” learning & content assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context REMOVED from content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>so it can be dealt with, manipulated, reused and developed by itself </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploiting context opportunities based on “environments“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>dedicated LMS and LCMS such as Blackboard, WebCT, SumTotal, OutStart </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more generic environments such as Office and Exchange, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>opportunities within operating systems such as Windows, Mac, Linux, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the “learning environment” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>within which the learning (and working) takes place. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Subjective metadata, pattern recognition, etc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location based learning </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. “ C-ing” the Future FASTER: M etadata <ul><ul><li>Automated metadata! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tagging and leveraging what's already there! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>especially that from within learning environments </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>using “properties” metadata (eg all Office files) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>see MS announcement re SCORM in Office 2007 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention metadata </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making metadata transparent or invisible to users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federated AND Standards based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standards based but agnostic! </li></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Open feedback http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.ac.be/empirical/ Attention metadata
    31. 31. User feedback
    32. 32. Contextual and Automated Metadata Generation (AMG) http://ariadne.cs.kuleuven.be/amg/
    33. 33. STANDARDS
    34. 34. SCORM 2004 now available! It is stable and ready for production level use. Get going with your implementations!
    35. 35. Coming Next: CORDRA! <ul><ul><li>C ontent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O bject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R epository </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D ISCOVERY and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R ESOLUTION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rchitecture </li></ul></ul>See www.cordra.org for MUCH MUCH more!
    36. 36. CORDRA “Triangle” Discovery Delivery Context Identification Location Resolution Retrieval See www.cordra.org for details and MUCH more!
    37. 37. ELF: eLearning Framework http://www.elframework.org/framework/
    38. 38. Pandora and the Music Genome Project
    39. 39. In closing: <ul><li>Don’t stand BESIDE or BEHIND those who have gone before you, STAND ON THEIR SHOULDERS! </li></ul><ul><li>Leapfrog where ever possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have a “perfect storm” on your hands?? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the biggest challenge what we see in the mirror? </li></ul><ul><li>And last but not least ……. </li></ul>
    40. 40. Innovation not replication! <ul><li>Let’s stop “flapping” </li></ul><ul><li>and replicating past artifacts </li></ul><ul><li>It is NOT about </li></ul><ul><li>FLAPPING faster!! </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s start thinking </li></ul><ul><li>DIFFERENTLY !! </li></ul>How does this apply to YOU? Practice Leadership by EXAMPLE!
    41. 41. ¡gracias! For Questions & Comments please contact: [email_address] For Slides and much much more @ www.autodesk.com/waynehodgins
    42. 42. Competency Study Groups Initiative <ul><li>Initiated by IEEE LTSC </li></ul><ul><li>“ competencies” includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human performance, abilities, competencies, knowledge, skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Great similarities to conditions of in the 1990’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lack of generally available, effective tools & technology for the emerging new models and applications. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No broadly accepted common reference models, conceptual models and overarching architectures or frameworks; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with interoperability, sharing, reuse and repurposing of competency data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few (if any) accredited standards that could be adopted globally and across diverse applications domains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://groups.yahoo.com/group/StudyGroup-Competencies </li></ul></ul>
    43. 43. How to get involved: <ul><ul><li>Sign up for online forum at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/StudyGroup-Competencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submit comments, concerns and relevant documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn more by attending: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EC TEL 2006 (Technology Enabled Learning) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.ec-tel06.org/ Crete, Greece Oct.1-4, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ePortfolio 2006, Ontology Outreach Meeting http://www.eife-l.org/news/ep2006 Oxford, England Oct. 11, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.learning2006.com/ Orlando, Florida, USA Nov.5-8, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I 2 LOR 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.lornet.org/ Montreal, Quebec, Canada Nov.9-10 10, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OnLine Educa Berlin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.online-educa.com/ Berlin, DE Nov. 29-Dec.1, 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Summative meeting (virtual) expected beginning of Dec.2006 </li></ul>

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