Performance AssessmentComparing Differing Points of View of the        Same Historical Event
Purpose: Analyze three versions of the same event and note important similarities and differences in               the poi...
Step 1: First study the picture below. Then answer the                 questions that follow.       “The Bloody Massacre p...
The picture on the preceding slide shows an important event in the American                                 Revolution.  U...
DOCUMENT B:     Taken from a published statement by British Captain Thomas Preston, June 25, 1770.I was between the soldie...
DOCUMENT C:Taken from “A Short Narrative of the Horrid Massacre in Boston. Printed by Order of the Town of            Bost...
Step 2What important things are the same in all three sources: thepicture and both documents? In the following chart, list...
I was between the soldiers and the mob, asking themto leave peaceably. While I was speaking, one of the      Captain Prest...
The documents come from different points of view, a     British Royal Captain and a group of Colonial Patriots,       incl...
Step 3You just read and compared two documents and a picture thatpresent two points of view on why soldiers fired on Bosto...
This assessment was developed by the EmergingAmerica Program of the Collaborative for Educational Services with funding fr...
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Performance assessment grade5

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Performance assessment grade5

  1. 1. Performance AssessmentComparing Differing Points of View of the Same Historical Event
  2. 2. Purpose: Analyze three versions of the same event and note important similarities and differences in the points of view. Method: Students will analyze and write about a picture and two documents on an important event leading up to the AmericanRevolution. Students will be asked to include other information that they know about the American Revolution in their responses.
  3. 3. Step 1: First study the picture below. Then answer the questions that follow. “The Bloody Massacre perpetrated in King Street BOSTON on March 5th 1770.” Library of Congress
  4. 4. The picture on the preceding slide shows an important event in the American Revolution. Using your knowledge as an historian, answer the following questions: What event does the picture show? When did this event happen? Who made the picture? When did they make it? Fill out the following chart.
  5. 5. DOCUMENT B: Taken from a published statement by British Captain Thomas Preston, June 25, 1770.I was between the soldiers and the mob, asking them to leave peaceably. While I wasspeaking, one of the soldiers was hit with a stick, then stepped a little on one side and fired. Turning to ask him why he fired without orders, I was struck with a club on myarm. On this, a general attack was made on the men by a great number of heavy clubsand snowballs. Our lives were in danger. Someone called out, “Damn your bloods. Whydont you fire”. Instantly three or four of the soldiers fired, one after another, and then three more in the same confusion and hurry. The mob then ran away, except threeunhappy men who died. When I asked the soldiers why they fired without orders, they said they heard the word fire and thought it came from me.Who made this statement?What date did they make it?
  6. 6. DOCUMENT C:Taken from “A Short Narrative of the Horrid Massacre in Boston. Printed by Order of the Town of Boston.” Written by Sam Adams and his fellow Patriots, in July, 1770. Captain Preston and seven or eight soldiers, with firearms and bayonets, came from the guardhouse, and stood in front of the Custom House. In passing, the soldierspushed several persons with their bayonets. This caused some snowballs to be thrown at them. The soldiers formed a half circle; and within a short time began to fire uponthe people. Captain Preston is said to have ordered them to fire, and to have repeated that order. One gun was fired first; then others till ten or a dozen guns were fired. By which eleven persons were killed or wounded.Who made this statement?What date did they make it?
  7. 7. Step 2What important things are the same in all three sources: thepicture and both documents? In the following chart, list as manyimportant similarities as you can. (List at least three. Five isbetter.) a. b. c. d. e.
  8. 8. I was between the soldiers and the mob, asking themto leave peaceably. While I was speaking, one of the Captain Preston and seven or eight soldiers, withsoldiers was hit with a stick, then stepped a little on firearms and bayonets, came from the guardhouse,one side and fired. Turning to ask him why he fired and stood in front of the Custom House. In passing,without orders, I was struck with a club on my arm. the soldiers pushed several persons with theirOn this, a general attack was made on the men by a bayonets. This caused some snowballs to be throwngreat number of heavy clubs and snowballs. Our lives at them. The soldiers formed a half circle; andwere in danger. Someone called out, “Damn your within a short time began to fire upon the people.bloods. Why dont you fire”. Instantly three or four of Captain Preston is said to have ordered them tothe soldiers fired, one after another, and then three fire, and to have repeated that order. One gun wasmore in the same confusion and hurry. The mob then fired first; then others till ten or a dozen guns wereran away, except three unhappy men who died. fired. By which eleven persons were killed orWhen I asked the soldiers why they fired without wounded.orders, they said they heard the word fire andthought it came from me. -From “A Short Narrative of the Horrid Massacre in Boston. Printed by Order of the Town of Boston.”, -British Captain Thomas Preston, June 25, 1770 July, 1770
  9. 9. The documents come from different points of view, a British Royal Captain and a group of Colonial Patriots, including Sam Adams. Complete the chart below.Based on your reading of these documents, what do you think Based on your reading of these documents, what do you thinkthe British Captain was thinking during this event? Write your the Patriots were thinking during this event? Write youranswer in the thought balloon above. answer in the thought balloon above.What evidence from Document B supports your thinking about What evidence in Document C supports your thinking aboutCaptain Prescott? (Write at least two to three things.) the Patriots? (Write at least two to three things.)a. a.b. b.c. c.Image of Sam Adams used with permission from the Florida Educational Technology Clearinghouse: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/.
  10. 10. Step 3You just read and compared two documents and a picture thatpresent two points of view on why soldiers fired on BostonColonists on March 5, 1770.Based on your experience as an historian, why do you think it isimportant to compare more than one source of historicalevidence on the same event? Write at least two or threesentences.
  11. 11. This assessment was developed by the EmergingAmerica Program of the Collaborative for Educational Services with funding from the U.S. Department of Education Teaching American History Program.

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