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Watervliet Arsenal Newsletter: Salvo 31 December 2012


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Here are news stories and other interesting information regarding the Watervliet Arsenal for December 2012.

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Watervliet Arsenal Newsletter: Salvo 31 December 2012

  1. 1. Vol. 12, No. 12 S ALVO U.S. Army Watervliet Arsenal, Watervliet, New York Dec. 31, 2012 Building a stairway to heaven,more revenue? Story begins on page 3 Also inside: Commander’s Column 99-year-old Arsenal Retiree Shaker High School Visit Annual Roll up
  2. 2. Page 2 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 Commander’s CornerWe recently hosted Tom Temin from Federal News And so, as you get with family and friends thisRadio. Tom had never been to an Army-owned and holiday season, take a moment to think about that–operated manufacturing center and so, we took a young Soldier or Marine who will also be home thissignificant amount of time to explain such things holiday season due in some part to what you do atas the difference between a mortar system and a the Watervliet Arsenal. During this season, we arelightweight howitzer. But more importantly, we talked thankful for the privilege to live in such a great nationabout the Arsenal’s nearly 200 years of providing the and have the opportunity to give back to others inproducts that have allowed our servicemen and women need. Please remember those less fortunate and do notto come home safely. lose focus of the season.Unlike many of the combatants who arm foreign Enjoy a peaceful holiday season and get back to usmilitaries or militant groups, our troops have the safely. Thank you for everything you do throughoututmost confidence in their weapon systems. Although the year in support of our Soldiers, other servicethis sense of trust cannot be measured, it nonetheless personnel who are currently deployed. May God blessmust be powerful. you and your loved ones and all those who serve our country around the world.Just think for a moment about what happens in theheat of a fire fight. A U.S. artilleryman or mortarman Happy Holidaysdoes not think for a second about whether or not hissystem is reliable or safe. These precious secondsmay determine who gets off the first round on target,or who lives or dies. This sense of confidence doesn’t Mark F. Migaleddihappen overnight, but through years of proven Commandingreliability on the battlefields — a reliability that comes Manufacturer 6from our history of providing the highest qualitycannons and mortars in the world.Commander, Col. Mark F. Migaleddi The Arsenal Salvo is an authorized monthly publication for members of the DepartmentPublic Affairs Officer, John B. Snyder of Defense. Contents of the Salvo are not necessarily the official views of, or an endorse-Editor, John B. Snyder ment by the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Army, orPhotographer: John B. Snyder the Watervliet Arsenal. News may be submitted for publication by sending articles to Public Affairs Officer,Arsenal Facebook Page @ 1 Buffington Street, Bldg. 10, Watervliet, NY 12189, or stop by office #102, Bldg. 10,http://on.fb.me/sq3LEm Watervliet Arsenal. The editor may also be reached at (518) 266-5055 or by e-mail: john.b.snyder.civ@mail.mil. The editor reserves the right to edit all information submitted for publication.
  3. 3. Page 3 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 Photos provided by Benét LabsThe Abrams Tank plumb and sync ramp on the left is the current model that was originally designed for M60 tanks. On the right is the proto-type ramp designed by Benét Labs and built by Arsenal manufacturing. Note the striking difference in support legs between the two. Uncanny teamwork inspires prototype development at Watervliet By John B. Snyder get the baseplates into their final configuration. If welding baseplates, muzzle brakes, and barrel clampsThe Arsenal’s historic Big Gun Shop has seen a lot of ac- weren’t challenging enough this past year, then maybetion since the first brick and mortar were laid nearly 130 doing some prototype work for the M1A2 Abrams Tankyears ago. From the 16-inch battleship guns that could ought to challenge them.fire a 2,200 pound projectile 23 miles to the 155mm can-nons for the U.S. Army Field Artillery’s new M777A2 “In the 10 years that I have been here, we have never hadlightweight howitzers have flowed through the wooden a welding job of this size or challenge,” said Greg Stone,doors of this great factory. So, it should not be a surprise the Arsenal’s welding team chief. “Every welding skillto anyone venturing through this 1,300-foot long facility imaginable, from the blowtorching of parts to tig welding,today to still see some type of manufacturing taking place. was used to manufacture this plumb and sync ramp for Abrams Tanks.”In the bowels of this brick building is one of the Arsenal’smost critical functions — welding. Of all the manufac- But the challenge of manufacturing a non-standard prod-turing functions, the welding section seems to be the true uct for the Soldiers was met with uncanny team work,growth industry at the Arsenal having increased its work- Stone said.force from 5 welders just two years ago to the 14 it hastoday. “The excitement by my team to design the weld plan and then build this Abrams Tank ramp was unbelievable,”These welders have been extremely busy this past year Stone said. “Everyone wanted to be a part of this projectworking on such warfighting products as mortar base- because they knew the challenge would test every skillplates. In fact, they assembled in 2012 more than 300 that they had.”baseplates for the 120mm mortar system. “We even had to fabricate the work station because mostLooking at the finished baseplates may seem to the un-trained eye that this job must have been a simple manu-facturing process. But for the welding team, they had to Story continues on page 4,weld together 57 parts using more than 90-feet of weld to See Welders
  4. 4. Page 4 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012Welders cont. not being evenly distributed, significant failures have oc- curred on the ramp welds. Thus rendering the ramps use- less, Bascue added. “This was a great opportunity for us to first analyze theof our work is no larger than the size of a 120mm base current ramp and then design and build a new product atplate,” Stone added. the Arsenal,” Bascue said. “For nearly 10 months, my team, consisting of Patrick Hickey, Paul Watson, ScottHow the Arsenal was able to become part of this Abrams Fadeley, and I leveraged many of our in-house capabili-prototype ramp work ties, including computerspeaks volumes about the modeling and simulation,power of synergy that is to design plumb and syncunmatched anywhere in ramps that not only in-the Department of De- creased the ramp’s weightfense. bearing capacity from 60 tons to 80 tons, but alsoThe Watervliet Arsenal decreased the weight ofmanages the production the individual ramps byaspect of the tubes and nearly 1,000 pounds.”various assembly partsfor cannon and mortar To move the conceptsystems, but relies on its from a computer designon-site collaborator, Benét to a prototype, BenétLaboratories, to conduct Labs turned to the manu-the research, design, and Photo by John B. Snyder facturing center at theprototype development for Arsenal welder Richard Goyer is working on a 120mm baseplate. In fiscal Watervliet Arsenal. year 2012, the weld shop produced approximately 300 of these baseplates.those systems. Locatedat the Watervliet Arsenal, Benét Labs is a department of “We can never underestimate the synergy that we havethe Army research development, and engineering facility. at Watervliet by having those who design within a five-Their research and design capability is often leveraged by minute walk from those who will turn those designs intothe Arsenal to improve production methods and products. a product,” Bascue said. “Having the weld shop fabrica- tion operation collocated with us allowed us to engage the“The program manager for the Abrams tank system came welders during each step of the prototype construction.”to us about one year ago and asked us to design and builda prototype plumb and sync ramp,” said Clyde H. Bascue On November 28, Benét sent two sets of the prototypeJr, the Benét Lab’s Abrams program leader, and lead for ramp to Aberdeen Proving Ground for testing.the plumb and sync ramp development. Plumb and sync is a tank crew task that is achieved afterThe problems with the current ramps are two-fold, Bascue bore sighting. The tank crew will back the tank up ontosaid. the plumb and sync ramp to align all sights to improve the accuracy of the fire control system.“The current plumb and sync ramps that are in usethroughout the force were designed for the M60 tank and As this story was being written, the weld team was ob-were not built by a manufacturer, but by logistics centers served repairing a 16-foot gap in the Arsenal’s fence line.at each installation,” Bascue said. “Therefore, the quality A car driver going through the City of Watervliet failed tostandards vary from installation to installation.” make a turn and drove into the Arsenal’s fence knocking down two large fence sections. Due to concerns about theAdditionally, because the ramp was not redesigned for the Arsenal’s security at the open fence line, the welders wereM1 Abrams tank, as the tank backs up onto the ramps its called in to do a quick repair. Again, proving just howtracks are often unevenly distributed over the supporting good they are. The welders were able to repair the dam-structure. Analysis has proven that due to the tank tracks aged fence sections to their pre-accident condition.
  5. 5. Page 5 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 99-year-old Veteran, Arsenal retiree recalls Pearl Harbor, war years By John B. Snyder gate got backed up, hundreds of workers scaled the Arse- nal walls to get to work on time, Ernie said. To help put this year’s Pearl Harbor Day remem- Security also tightened inside the gate, Ernie added.brance into perspective, one of the Arsenal’s oldest sur- New security badges were issued that granted limitedviving employees recalls life at the Arsenal during the access to the buildings. The days of being able to freelyearly days of World War II. walk through one building to get to another had ended. Ernie Blanchet, from Troy, N.Y., said that his father “I was lucky because I was on the quality controlwas once a machinist at the Arsenal during World War inspection team,” Ernie said. “What this meant is thatI and as a kid, he often walked I had access to every building,along the Erie Canal that once which made me feel very spe-flowed through the Arsenal. cial.” As one of 12 children, Ernie Ernie has great praise forfound that he had to go to work the World War II era leadershipat an early age to help support his and workforce. What the attackfamily. He worked in local tex- did to the workforce was that ittile mills for $12 a week making brought everyone together as aunderwear. He ventured out of team, Ernie said. Within a fewstate for awhile, but even that job months, the Arsenal workforcedid not provide him a sense of went from several hundred topurpose that he was looking for. several thousand workers.Tired of going from job to job, From the time of the attack onhe decided to settle down and to Pearl Harbor until the Normandybuild a career. Invasion in 1944, the Arsenal At age 28, and just months be- manufactured more than 23,000fore the Japanese attack on Pearl cannons with an on-time deliveryHarbor, Ernie landed a job at the rate of 99.6 percent.Watervliet Arsenal. The date was Ernie was part of this unprec-June 16, 1941. edented achievement, an achieve- “I was at my sister’s house on ment that has yet to be equaled.Dec. 7, 1941, when my nieces And so, on this 71st anniversarybrought in the news that Pearl of the attack on Pearl Harbor,Harbor was attacked,” Ernie said. Photo by John B. Snyder there is a sense of reflection by Ernie Blanchet, age 99, taking a moment this month to“I remember thinking that maybe show his pride for his country by waving the American the Arsenal workforce. Arsenalthe Arsenal was going to be a tar- Flag that adorns his lawn. history books speak volumesget, too, because of the important work we were doing to about the World War II era, or what former NBC anchorhelp prepare our country for war.” Tom Brokaw called “The Greatest Generation Years.” “When I reported for work on Monday, the day af- But the books pale in comparison to the stories told thister Pearl Harbor was attacked, armed security guards week by Ernie.had closed all the gates except for one,” Ernie recalled. Ernie eventually enlisted in 1944 and served on a“Lines of cars, as well as workers, were backed up as se- U.S. Navy Destroyer Escort ship until he was dischargedcurity guards checked every vehicle and person coming after the war. He came back to the Arsenal after his dis-into work.” charge where he worked until he retired in 1971. He is Most of the Arsenal workers, which numbered nearly now 99-years-old and he said he plans to help the Arse-1,000 at the time, walked in through the gate versus nal celebrate its 200th anniversary in July 2013, when hedrove in during the early 1940s. When the lines at the will be 100.
  6. 6. Page 6 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012It took an Arsenal to build a product By John B. Snyder plates; 500 81mm base plates, and 260 120mm base plates. The proverb “It takes a village to raise a child” Additionally, the Arsenal had more than $67 mil-may be applied to the great work the Watervliet Arse- lion in contracts and nearly $19 million of that totalnal workforce has done this past year supporting our went to New York state companies. Contracts rangednation’s warfighters and the community. Why? Be- from the purchase of raw stock for cannon manufac-cause, it took the entire Arsenal to manufacture each turing to the installation of a new power substation.one of the more than 7,900 items that were shipped Also in the $89 million of revenue is the fact thatfrom Watervliet last fiscal year. the Arsenal did all this safely. In fiscal year 2012, the Despite the downsizing of U.S. combat operations Arsenal experienced a 73 percent reduction in lostAfghanistan this past year, the Arsenal was still able to days and it currently exceeds OSHA industry safetyhave pretty respectable revenue to the tune of nearly standards for private sector manufacturers. Some of$89 million, which was down about $10 million from this good news may be directly tied to new safety ini-the previous fiscal year. tiatives that rewarded theBut those numbers don’t workforce more than 50tell the true story of the times in 2012 for identify-Arsenal’s manufacturing ing and mitigating safetyachievements. hazards. It took every one of the In regards to the Arse-600 Arsenal employees, nal’s effect on the commu-from machinists to con- nity, the Arsenal employeetract specialists to paint- pay and benefits packageers to transport drivers, to for the last fiscal year wasship the more than 7,900 nearly $50 million, whichitems from the Arsenal last paid for such things as gro-year. This, by the way, ceries at local supermar-was accomplished with kets, home purchases, caran on-time delivery rate and home insurance poli- cies, and coffee at the localexceeding 96 percent. The Dunkin Donuts shops.Arsenal’s manufactur- In addition to the mon-ing mix also saw a shift etary effects on the com-from cannon production munity, the Arsenal alsobeing the largest percent- participated in nearly 60age share of direct labor community events thatrequirement to the produc- honored Veterans, fallention of mortar tubes and heroes, and our servicemenassociated equipment now and women.nearing 58 percent of the By any standards, fis-production flow. cal year 2012 was a pretty Nonetheless, the good year for the Arsenal,Arsenal shipped out in Photos by Sgt. Mark Miranda and Staff Sgt. Charles Call just one more in the nearlyfiscal year 2012 approxi- Top: Cannon crew members with Battery A, 1st Battalion, 377th Field 200 years of continuous Artillery Regiment fire a high-explosive round from an M777A2 howit-mately: 650 mortar tubes; zer during a live-fire demonstration at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wa. service to the nation’s30 105mm cannons; 110 Bottom: Spc. Donald Myers and Pfc. Samuel Schultz, infantrymen warfighters. In July 2013, from Company B, 3rd Battalion, 66th Armor Regiment, 172nd Infantry155mm cannons; 4 120mm Brigade, bring their 120mm Mortar to bear against an insurgent rocket the Arsenal will celebratecannons; 500 60mm base team at Forward Operating Base Kushamond, Afghanistan. its 200th anniversary.
  7. 7. Page 7 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 Nothing elementary about this science By John B. Snyder An inspection team toured the Army’s Benét Labo-ratories last Friday and this visit tested the ability ofthis premier weapons research and design center toreduce their scientific jargon to an elementary level ofunderstanding. Maybe, elementary is the wrong useof verbiage because, after all, these were high schoolstudents. Thirty 9-12th grade students from the local ShakerHigh School Robotics Club visited Benét Labs to learnhow the U.S. Army leverages science for the develop-ment and improvement of products to support our na-tion’s warfighters. Photo by John B. Snyder Fortunately for Benét Labs, they had some history Benét Lab’s Mechanical Engineer Emerson Childs is showing the stu-with many of these students and therefore, some of the dents the results of a tensile test that he just conducted.scientific activities, such as measuring tensile strengthand fatiguing material, were not new to them. biomedical modeling using stereolithography; Emer- “Our Robotics Club had great support this past year son Childs demonstrating tensile testing of howitzerfrom Benét Labs as they helped us in our nationwide tubes; Stan Rysio cutting steel for research to withincompetition to build a robotic bas- three thousandth of an inch; andketball shooter,” said Brian Ashline, “This was pretty cool. I was Tom Oathout showing how compositea 9-12th grade technology teacher at impressed by the wide vari- wrapping has the ability to signifi-Shaker High School who was escort- ety of scientific systems...” cantly reduce weight of weapon sys-ing the students. “We participated in tems.two competitions with our robot and Evan Bowman So, how well did Benét Labs dowe did fantastic having placed 2 nd 12th Grade considering that some of the studentsand 3rd.” may have been experiencing some Eric Gillette, a Benét Labs materials engineer who sort of withdrawal from not having touched their cellcoordinated the visit, said that Benét got involved phones in nearly four hours?with Shaker High School earlier this year as a way for “This was pretty cool,” said Evan Bowman, a 12thBenét to share its vast scientific and engineering capa- grade student who is the president of the Shaker Highbility with the community. Robotics Club. “I was impressed by the wide variety “The community has always supported the of scientific systems used by Benét Labs to not onlyWatervliet Arsenal and we simply wanted to pay back develop weapon systems, but also to determine whythe community by helping to educate its youth,” Gil- weapon systems fail.”lette said. “So, a few of us volunteered this year to Bowman has applied to a few New York state engi-help design and provide materials testing expertise to neering schools in hopes of starting college next fall.the Shaker High team in their effort to compete nation- And now that he has worked with Benét Lab engineersally.” for his high school project and has visited the Army re- During this four-hour visit, the students witnessed search and design center, he said that he may considersuch activities as Benét Lab’s Tyler Caron explaining employment someday at Watervliet.
  8. 8. Page 8 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 CPAC Corner: TSP and the Roth Option Did you know that the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) now offers a Roth Option? Did you know that the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) now offers a Roth Option? TSP now offers a Roth option forfor all Federal Employees. This new featureallowallowto dis- TSP now offers a Roth option all Federal Employees. This new feature will will you you tribute some or all ofor all contributions to the Roth the Roth TSP. With Roth contributions, to distribute some your of your contributions to TSP. With Roth contributions, you pay taxes now. However, when you withdraw these contributions and their earnings, you will not have to you pay taxes now. However, when you withdraw these contributions and their pay taxes on them asnot haveyoupay 59½ yearsthem as longyou you are 59½ years or older for earnings, you will long as to are taxes on or older and as have had Roth contributions five years or more when you receive yourfor five yearsTSP contributions/options can be changed and you have had Roth contributions distribution. or more when you receive your distribution. TSP contributions/options can be changed or elected at any time through or elected at any time through the Army Benefits Center via the EBIS system @ or telephone the Army Benefits Center via the EBIS system (https://www.abc.army.mil) https://www.abc. army.mil or telephone 1-877-276-9287. 1-877-276-9287. The table below compares the the treatment oftwo different typestypes of contributions. The table below compares treatment of the the two different of contributions. Roth vs. Traditional Contributions The Treatment of… Traditional TSP Roth TSP Contributions Pre-tax After-tax Your Paycheck Taxes are deferred, so less money Taxes are paid up front, so more is taken out of your paycheck. money comes out of your paycheck. Transfers In Transfers allowed from eligible Transfers allowed from Roth employer plans and traditional IRAs 401(k)s, Roth 403(b)s, and Roth 457(b)s Transfers Out Transfers allowed to eligible Transfers allowed to Roth 401(k)s, employer plans, traditional IRAs, and Roth 403(b)s, Roth 457(b)s, and Roth IRAs Roth IRAs Withdrawals Taxable when withdrawn Tax-free earnings if five years have passed since January 1 of the year you made your first Roth contribution, AND you are age 59½ or older, permanently disabled, or deceased For more information on Roth TSP, including a Contribution Calculator, please visit: For more information on Roth TSP, including a Contribution Calculator, please visit: https://www.tsp.gov/whatsnew/roth/compareRoth.shtml. https://www.tsp.gov/whatsnew/roth/compareRoth.shtmlFrom Benét Labs, another uplifting story Benét Laboratories Mechanical Engineer, Greg Vigilante, recently competed in a powerlifting event sanctioned by the Revolution Powerlifting Syndicate (RPS) where he set state records. The event was con- ducted on Saturday, November 17 at Fairhaven Fitness in Fairhaven, Vt. Greg competed as an amateur in the Bench Press, Raw-Classic, 165-lbs. weight class in the 40-44 age bracket. On his first of three lifts, Greg bench pressed 300 lbs. He missed 315 lbs. on his second lift but suc- cessfully bench pressed 315 lbs. on his third lift. He Photo provided by Dan Crayon is now the RPS record holder in Vermont and NewGreg Vigilante breaking the record at Fairhaven Fitness in Hampshire in his weight and age class. He has hisVermont. Greg said that he has been lifting weights since highschool, but had a bad back injury that lasted a year and needed sights on the New York State record of 309 lbs. anda physical goal to get back in shape This was his first competi- plans to compete sometime again in 2013.tion.
  9. 9. Page 9 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 Lean Corner: Being scared into Lean By Karen HeiserReal Life Lean; a Scary Hospital StoryA few months ago a group of Arsenal facilitators attended Lean training presented by Purdue University.We made up about 40 percent of the class. Since it was hosted by the Veterans Affairs Hospital, the rest ofthe group worked in various health care fields. Both groups were pleasantly surprised by the similarity inchallenges we face while doing our work. We learned that whether the customer is a patient or a Soldier;whether the process is manufacturing or surgery; the Lean tools are the same. 6S of a machine tool cell or anoffice area or a hospital supply storeroom is the same. So is standard work.Here’s a scary thing we learned. The instructor, an engineer and pharmacist, used to work in a hospital wherethe pharmacy shipped meds to the floors at 9:00 in the evening and 9:00 in the morning. Why? Because itworked for them. However, they did this in spite of the fact that doctors’ rounds took place before 9:00 a.m.and doctors often change meds during their morning rounds.The impact to the patient – the CUSTOMER – was that meds from existing orders were shipped to the floorsbefore the pharmacy received information telling them doctors had changed those orders that morning! So itwas incumbent on nurses, nurses’ aides, and even patients and their families to be alert to the fact that medswere crossing in the mail.On a personal note, a loved one of mine recently spent a week in the hospital while a new medication withdangerous side effects was being calibrated for proper dosage. FDA protocol is strict – meds have to be takenat specific times followed by EKG and blood tests at strict intervals.FDA protocol should have led to strict standard work with no variation, but it wasn’t evident here. We’retalking about somebody’s life!As I watched the employees scurrying about, chasing people down myself for prompt tests, and watchingnurses leave the floor to get meds in time because the pharmacy wasn’t being responsive, Lean principles werepopping into my head.Where’s the visual management? Where’s the Managing for Daily Improvement board? Why is there so muchscurrying? There should be a set of add-on lights outside every patient’s room. Not just for emergencies, but acolor for the time to give meds, time for a test, and the time to check on somebody who hasn’t been heard fromin a while.I was describing this scenario to the head of the Lean Six Sigma office at Letterkenny - me standing in the doorof the hospital room watching the chaos and thinking about add-on lights. He laughed and said “See? Onceyou really get it you can’t stop seeing it!” He’s right! “Service to the Line, On the Line, On Time”
  10. 10. Page 10 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 The “Thing” with six guns By Mark Koziol The Watervliet Arsenal was verybusy during the Cold War manufacturinga variety of weapons, but one weaponsystem the Arsenal provided manu-facturing support to, the M40 106mmrecoilless rifle, became one of the mosteffective anti-tank guns used by the U.S.military. A recoilless rifle is breech-loaded,hollow tube firing a cartridge with aprojectile. When the projectile is fired,the rear end of the perforated cartridgecase allows the propellant gas to escapethorough the vented breech, thus reduc-ing recoil. The M40 106mm recoillesseffective range was 3007 yards (1.1 Photo provided by the Arsenal Museummile) and maximum range was 8420 The “Ontos” vehicle with armed with six 106mm recoilless guns. This system was used primarily by the U.S. Marine Corp.yards (4.1 miles). In the early 1950s,the rifle’s effectiveness in combat ledengineers to design a fast moving anti- The lack of a heavy turret, using a tank fights, the Vietnam War was atank vehicle with six 106mm recoilless common truck engine and having few different war where direct tank battlesrifles mounted atop of it. parts to break down appealed to the Ma- were almost nonexistent. So, the The weapon system became known rine Corps leadership. They ordered 297 Ontos was used in its secondary roleas the “Ontos,” a Greek word for Ontos vehicles; each equipped with six of providing direct fire support for the“thing.” It was officially named: “the M40 106mm recoilless guns. The Ontos infantry. During the Battle of Hue,Rifle, Multiple 106mm, self-propelled was manufactured from 1955 to 1957. part of the 1968 Tet Offensive whenM50.” The vehicle began its life as ei- During the mid-1950s, the Watervliet the Vietcong invaded South Vietnam,ther T55 or T56 track armored personal Arsenal manufactured hundreds of M40 the Ontos provided effective and muchcarriers, originally designed for the U.S. recoilless rifle tubes, some of them used needed direct fire to suppress the enemyArmy in the early 1950s as a scout ve- on the Ontos System. The Ontos weap- positions and knock holes into buildings.hicle. The lightweight, fast attacking ons were used by the Marines from 1956 Unfortunately, the biggest drawbackanti-tank vehicle Ontos was created by to 1969. The 106mm gun was used by to the Ontos system, potentially lethal,attaching six M40, 106mm recoilless the U.S. military from 1955 until 1970. was the need for the crew membersrifles on top of the carrier. The Ontos system was first used in to exit the vehicle to reload the six While the vehicle had outstanding combat in 1958 during the Crisis in recoilless rifles, exposing themselves tocross-country mobility and armor pro- Lebanon when President Eisenhower enemy attack.tection, it had deficiencies such as lim- sent U.S. troops in to help defend Leba- In 1969, the Ontos was retiredited storage space for ammo, lack of ve- non’s government in their fight against from active Marine duty because of ahicle speed and range, excessive weight rebel insurgents. In 1965, a rebellion in shortage of spare parts. Despite theand cramped quarters for the three-man the Dominican Republic led President good work by mechanics to cannibalizecrew. Despite the praise Ontos received Johnson to send in the Marines to sup- older vehicles for parts, the systemfrom President Truman’s Secretary of port the government and military against had become outdated. The remainingArmy Frank Pace Jr., the Army leader- their fight with rebels. The Ontos ve- Ontos fleet was given to the U.S. Armyship still decided to reject the Ontos. hicles successfully used to score hits and used in Airborne Brigades. They Interestingly, the U.S. Marine Corps upon older Swiss and French tanks used became fixed bunker weapons after thetook an interest in the project. They by the rebels. vehicles’ spare parts were exhausted.envisioned it as a lightweight, first line The Ontos system was deployed The last Ontos garrison was stationed atof attack vehicle to be used during a first in Vietnam in 1965. Unlike World Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. It continued toMarine wave invasion into hot spots. War II where there were many direct operate with one vehicle until 1980.
  11. 11. Page 11 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 Making a difference NFFE Local #2109 Toys for Tots Arsenal helped the community to over- come a shortage of toys this year by collecting more than 700 toys and $400 for the Troy Salvation Army. Arsenal’s union, NFFE Local #2109, spearheaded this event. From left, Charlie Hannan, Maj. Steven Loveless, Maj. Paula Love- less, Col. Mark Migaleddi, Jim Grenier, Beth Myers, Laurie Vroman, and union president, Tim Ostrowski. Combined Federal Campaign Arsenal CFC Coordinator Shannon Lischak announced to the workforce during the December Town Hall that through their efforts the Arsenal was able to raise nearly $46,000 for the 2012 campaign. City of Watervliet Head Start Program The Arsenal Historical Society and the Federal Managers Association sponsored the City of Watervliet Head Start Christmas Program. This year, the Arsenal supported 18 fami- lies, which included 46 kids and 5 parents. Photos by Billy Martin and John B. Snyder
  12. 12. Page 12 Salvo Dec. 31, 2012 Watervliet Arsenal 200th Anniversary Cookbook RVLIET ARSE ATEOUD TRADITION SINCE 181NAL W A PR 3 FOR YEARS ET AR VLI SE ER T NA WA L 1813 Have a great family recipe? Share it with your Arsenal Family! We need your help – We are seeking entries for the first ever Arsenal cookbook to commemorate our 200th anniversary featuring recipes from our workforce. Whether it is an appetizer, dessert or main course, we want to hear from you! Cookbooks will be available for pre-order on the 200th Anniversary Memorabilia order form. Fill out and submit your recipes online at: www.wva.army.mil/recipe Entries will be accepted from November 1, through December 31, 2012