Watervliet Arsenal Newsletter: Salvo - 28 February 2013
Vol. 13, No. 2 S ALVO U.S. Army Watervliet Arsenal, Watervliet, New York Feb. 28, 2013 We knew it ... the SECARMY just confirmed it The Arsenal has no equal for cannon and mortar manufacturing Also inside: Commander’s Column Secretary of the Army recognition $5.9M foreign military sale contract Story begins on page 3 Black History Month - Civil War Photo by Sgt. Derec Pierson
Page 2 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Commander’s Corner Sequestration … the removal or separation; -cancel 3rd and 4th quarter depot maintenance. -eliminate modernization projects.banishment or exile. As I was drafting the preface to our strategic planningdocument about one year ago, I had the intention of This list is not all inclusive but should give you adiscussing the possible effects of “Sequestration” as a sense on the depth of the impact that will be felt by everyresult of the Budget Control Act. I was persuaded not to agency and person in the Department of Defense.because the belief at that time was “we would never see Although we operate differently than do the majoritysuch draconian budget cuts enacted.” of other Army installations in that we fund our operations Well, as March 1st nears, the 14th Century word from our sales of products, it is still unclear to me whether“sequestration” ripples through daily discussions at the or not we will share equally in the pain.Department of Defense, as well as throughout our country. Nevertheless, I can assure you that your leadership and The term “sequestration” refers to the mandatory I have worked through several scenarios, from worst casereduction in federal budgetary resources of all budget to negligible effect, and will share with you our strategyaccounts that have not been exempted by statute. Under once we have clear guidance from higher headquarters.the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act March 1st is the trigger and so, I expect clearerof 1985, as amended by the Budget Control Act of 2011 guidance to come out in the next couple of weeks. Toand the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, across-the- help disseminate that guidance without any chance ofboard reductions are scheduled to take place Mar. 1, 2013, miscommunication, I will make available to the workforceunless legislation is enacted that avoids such reductions. access to the TACOM commander’s VTC that he will The implications of Sequestration are significant! conduct on March 7th, 1-2 p.m. My plan is to open up the According to Army Chief of Staff Gen. Raymond T. town hall location in Building 110.Odierno, Sequestration will: So, I ask you to be patient and as soon as I get information on the road ahead, I will share it with you. -impose an additional $12 billion cut on the For the latest information coming from DoD, check out Army’s budget in the remaining months of this link: FY13. - terminate an estimated 3,100 temporary and term http://www.defense.gov/home/features/2013/0213_ employees. sequestration/ - furlough up to 251,000 civilians for one day a week for 22 weeks. - reduce Army purchase orders with 3,000 Mark F. Migaleddi companies, of which 37%, or approximately Commanding 1,100, may consequently face moderate to high Manufacturer 6 risk for bankruptcy.Commander, Col. Mark F. Migaleddi The Arsenal Salvo is an authorized monthly publication for members of the DepartmentPublic Affairs Officer, John B. Snyder of Defense. Contents of the Salvo are not necessarily the official views of, or an endorse-Editor, John B. Snyder ment by the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Army, orPhotographer: John B. Snyder the Watervliet Arsenal. News may be submitted for publication by sending articles to Public Affairs Officer,Arsenal Facebook Page @ 1 Buffington Street, Bldg. 10, Watervliet, NY 12189, or stop by office #102, Bldg. 10,http://on.fb.me/sq3LEm Watervliet Arsenal. The editor may also be reached at (518) 266-5055 or by e-mail: email@example.com. The editor reserves the right to edit all information submitted for publication.
Page 3 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Arsenal Museum File Photo Arsenal cannon manufacturing was still in its infancy at about the time this post card was printed in the early 1900s. Since the open- ing of this Historic Big Gun Foundry, or what today we call the Big Gun Shop, thousands of cannons have flowed through its doors. Secretary of the Army certifies the Watervliet Arsenal as having no equal By John B. Snyder “Given that we are in an intense competitive business environment for fewer defense contract The Secretary of the Army recently acknowledged dollars, this announcement by the Secretary of thewhat the Watervliet Arsenal workforce has known Army came at just the right time,” said Col. Mark F.for nearly 200 years, their skilled craftsmanship and Migaleddi, the Arsenal commander.machining capability is unequaled anywhere in the “The Secretary’s statement speaks volumes aboutDepartment of Defense. The Honorable John M. the Arsenal’s capability and capacity to rapidlyMcHugh has designated the Watervliet Arsenal as a respond to the urgent needs of our war fighters and toCenter of Industrial and Technical Excellence (CITE) do so with unequaled quality,” Migaleddi said. “Butfor cannons and mortars. beyond the equipment and buildings that help define According to McHugh, the Watervliet Arsenal our capability is our highly skilled workforce whopossesses the skills and capabilities related to cannon works tirelessly to manufacture the products that in theand mortar manufacturing not shared by any other end help our Soldiers to come home safe.”industrial facilities in the Army. Although the CITE certification does not “It (Watervliet) has the nation’s only large bore necessarily direct more contracts for the Arsenal, saidcannon production facility and maintains proprietary Joe Turcotte, the Arsenal’s director of Installationprocesses for heat treating and rotary forging…and is Management, it may cause more weapon programrelied on to produce today’s most advance high-tech, managers to give the Arsenal another look during thehigh-powered cannon and mortar weaponry,” McHugh procurement process.stated in his memorandum. “The Secretary just stated that nowhere else This news was greatly welcomed by the Arsenal’s in the Defense Department can the Arsenal’s coresenior leadership. competency to manufacture cannons and mortars Story continues on page 4, See SECARMY
Page 4 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013SECARMY cont. Oklahoma, the Arsenal does not receive Congressional funding for its base operations. All funds required to maintain and operate thebe found,” Turcotte said. “Therefore, the logical Arsenal comes from a process called a Revolvingreasoning should be that the Arsenal is no longer just Fund. A Revolving Fund is an account where Arsenalan option but a first choice for cannon and mortar income to fund its operations comes from its revenuemanufacturing.” that is generated through Turcotte also said the military sales of its products.designation may have Additionally, the Arsenalother implications for other operates very similar to amilitary services to look civilian manufacturing plant.more closely at Watervliet Just as Ford Motor Companyfor its cannon and mortar or General Electric are verymanufacturing. sensitive to profit and loss Beyond potential accountability, the Arsenaldefense contracts, another cannot operate at a loss,significant effect of the either. And, although theCITE designation is the Arsenal is a government-Arsenal may now more owned and –operatedfreely enter into public- manufacturing center, thereprivate partnerships to is no guarantee of futureperform work that will work. But unlike Ford andenhance its manufacturing GE, the Arsenal cannotcore competencies. operate with a profit. Any “We may now more savings that are realizedeasily work with private during the production cycleindustry to share and are returned to the customer,leverage the Arsenal’s who in the end is theequipment, facilities, and American taxpayer.workforce skills to the Through public-privatebetterment of the private partnerships, the Arsenalcompany and to the may be able to betterArsenal,” Turcotte said. Photo by John B. Snyder maximize its resources, such“What this means is that According to the Secretary of the Army, the Arsenal is the nation’s as buildings, equipment,private industry may tap only large bore cannon production facility and maintains propri- and manpower, to lower the etary processes for heat treating and rotary forging.into the Arsenal’s great cost of its operation, whichresources, such as heat treatment, rotary forging, and in turn may lower the cost of its products to the U.S.machining, to assist them with their product lines.” military. Such private-partnership may not only keep the The Arsenal is the oldest, continuously activeArsenal’s skills sharper, but may also reduce the arsenal in the United States, having begun operationsArsenal’s cost of operation, Turcotte said. during the War of 1812. The Arsenal will celebrate its Managing the Arsenal’s cost of operation go beyond 200th anniversary in July 2013.that of simply being efficient. And that is why public- Today’s Arsenal is relied upon by U.S. and foreignprivate partnerships are such a big deal. militaries to produce the most advanced, high-tech, How the Arsenal is funded to conduct operations high-powered weaponry for cannon, howitzer, andand maintenance often surprises community leaders mortar systems. This National Historic Registeredand elected officials. Unlike other Army installations Landmark has an annual economic benefit to the localsuch as Fort Bragg in North Carolina or Fort Sill in community in excess of $100 million.
Page 5 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Watervliet’s $5.9 million contract will supply critical arms to Afghan soldiers By John B. Snyder Watervliet Arsenal announced this month that itreceived a $5.9 million contract to provide the AfghanNational Army with nearly 900 60mm-mortar systems,as part of the U.S. State Department’s Foreign MilitarySales program. Col. Mark F. Migaleddi, the Arsenal commander,said at a recent production meeting to senior Arsenalleadership that this order is an aggressive fieldingeffort with up to 150 systems being shipped permonth. Fielding of these Photo by John B. Snydersystems, and the indirect fire Arsenal first-year apprentice Jeremycapability they provide, will Brackett stacks a 60mm mortar tube that he just completed the finish turningsupport the speedy transition to process on.a support role for U.S. forces, aswell as the withdrawal of U.S. Afghan army.troops from the Afghanistan “I can’t recall our workingtheater of operations. on such a quick turnaround “This order not only to get our products out ourreflects the high confidence gates since 2004, when wethe Department of Defense were called on to manufacturehas on the Arsenal’s ability to armor kits for U.S. troops inrapidly support the warfighter, Iraq,” Pienkoski said. “Over thebut also speaks volumes to the course of six years, the Arsenalimportance of DOD maintaining shipped more than 20,000an Army-owned-and-operated armor kits for U.S. forces inmanufacturing center,” Iraq and Afghanistan.Migaleddi said. Why such urgency now? This multimillion dollar President Barack Obama in Photo by John B. Snyderorder will add to the Arsenal’s Arsenal painter Sean Stephenson is loading 60mm mor- his State of the Union address,current workload more than tar parts for the Afghan army order. Feb. 12, said that he intends14,000 hours of direct labor, to bring home nearly 34,000said Ray Gaston, the Arsenal’s chief of the Production troops from Afghanistan by 2014. This announcementPlanning and Control Division. came after the President hosted Afghanistan President “Our first shipment of mortar systems is currently Karzai at the White House in early January.being assembled for shipment and will go out this At the conclusion of the Obama’s January meetingmonth,” he explained. with Karzai, he said “today, we agreed that as Afghan Bruce Pienkoski, the Arsenal’s program manager forces take the lead and as President Karzai announcesfor processing this order, said the Arsenal was the final phase of the transition, coalition forces willcontacted late last month by U.S. Army planners to move to a support role this spring. Our troops willsee if the Arsenal could respond within 30 days to Story continues on page 6, see Afghanan urgent need to get 60mm mortar systems to the
Page 6 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013Afghan cont.continue to fight alongside Afghans, when needed. Butlet me say it as plainly as I can: Starting this spring, Every once in a while, the Arse-our troops will have a different mission -- training.” nal stories achieve good success Gaston said it took the entire Arsenal team, fromcontractors to machinists to shippers, to develop the in getting placed in higher com-production plan and to ship its first product within 30 mands and Army staffs. Thisdays of getting the contract. story, in particular, made it to “We knew we had to work fast because the faster the highest levels of the Army.we react and deliver these mortars into the hands ofthe Afghanistan soldiers, the sooner our U.S. Soldierscan come home,” Gaston said. -Top 7 Story in the entire Army The main part of the contract requires the Arsenalto act as a staging area for the various parts of the -#1 Story for the Assistant60mm mortar system that are being collected from Secretary of the Army for Ac-other Army installations. Upon the receipt of the parts, quisition, Logistics, and Technol-which consists of such things as barrels and base ogyplates, the Arsenal will package them into completemortar systems and then ship to Afghanistan. Thecontract also requires traditional manufacturing of -#1 Science & Technology Storyselect parts for the mortar system. for the Army The shipments should be complete by the end ofAugust. -Top 10 Story for the Army The 60mm mortar system is used primarily by the G-4, Chief of Logisticsinfantry as an indirect fire weapon when a high angletrajectory is required to hit enemy troops, materiel, -Top 10 story for AMCand positions. It has a maximum range of about 3,500meters. Arsenal History Trivia Arsenal Firsts!!! According to the Arsenal’s 150th Anniver- sary Program, one of the first nurses in the U.S. military must have been Mrs. Margaret Sleeyd who was appointed the Arsenal’s hos- pital nurse in 1819 by Maj. James Dalliba, the Arsenal’s first commander. The first all metal building in the United States was erected on the Arsenal in 1859. Now a storehouse (in 1963), the “Iron Build- ing” was also one of the earliest “prefabricat- ed buildings,” as it was constructed of plates cast in New York City and assembled here.
Page 7 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Oh, 1813 was such a good year ... or was it? By John B. Snyder later? In conversations with the local community, no one has been able to name any other business in New York’s Oh, 1813 was such a good year … at least looking Capital District that has been in continuous operation asback with 20-20 hindsight. “Uncle Sam” was first used to long at the Watervliet Arsenal.refer to the U.S., pineapples were introduced to Hawaii, This July, the Arsenal will honor its 200th anniversaryCongress authorized use of steamboats to transport mail, in a week long celebration that will involve the local com-the first federal vaccination legislation was enacted, and munities. But before July, the Arsenal will participate inrubber was patented. a few events in which to tell its story to the local commu- But among all that bit of good news was something nity.more troubling to the common New Yorker — the United In May, the Arsenal commander plans to address theStates was fighting for its very existence in its second New York Senate on the 21st, as well as have the Arse-war with Britain. With a standing army numbering little nal participate in the Village of Green Island and City ofmore than 7,000 Watervliet Memo-and the city of Buf- rial Day Parades,falo burned to the on the 23rd and 27th,ground, New York- respectively.ers were rightfully In June, the Arse-concerned not only nal plans to conductfor what food they a Community Cov-could put on the enant Signing Cere-table at night, but mony in its Historicalso whether or not Big Gun Shop thatthey would have a will involve localplace to come home and state electedto the next day. officials. Also in Just north of June, the ArsenalAlbany, along the has coordinated forHudson River, the two Army ReserveVillage of Troy Bands to perform atbecame a hub of the City of Albany’smilitia activity. Al- Fathers’ Day Con-though Troy was Photo provided by the Arsenal Museum cert in the Corningnot a large com- The Watervliet Arsenal was not always known for its cannon making. Cannons did not be- come part of the production line until after nearly 75 years of operation. Here is one of the Preserve on the 16th.munity having only first 16-inch guns manufactured at the Arsenal in the early 1900s. In July, the Ar-about 550 dwell- senal will conduct aings, it was rich in manufacturing artisans who worked in Gala at the Troy Hilton Gardens on the 13th, a golf outingthe village’s cotton factory, paper mill, fire-arms factory, at the Clifton Park Eagle Crest Golf Course on the 14th,and popular for that time period, a distillery. a change of command on the 19th, and an Arsenal Appre- It would be these skilled artisans who in 1813 crossed ciation Night with the ValleyCats on the 20th. The Citythe Hudson and began to put in place the brick and mor- of Watervliet will also honor the Arsenal celebrations bytar of a military arsenal on just 12 acres of land. Skilled hosting a citywide barbecue at its Hudson Shores Park onfactory workers from Troy would soon work side-by-side the 17th.with ordnance soldiers to manufacture such critical war Although the Watervliet Arsenal’s buildings and ma-items as ammunition cartridges and powder horns, all for chinery have dramatically changed, the one thing that hasabout $9 a month. remained constant through every American military con- Who would have thought that out of urgency and ne- flict since the War of 1812 is the Arsenal’s ability to recruitcessity to blunt the British invasion that a small arsenal and train highly skilled labor. Primarily for that reason,of highly skilled labor would still be standing 200 years the Arsenal remains in operation today.
Page 8 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 CPAC - Wins award for excellenceWatervliet CPAC Awarded the Silver Trophy in the 1st Annual CHRA CPAC Performance Recognition Awards Program!Civilian Human Resources Agency (CHRA) held its 1st Annual CPAC Performance Recognition Awards Program in2012. Gold, silver and bronze awards were presented to the top CPACs in all of the Army to recognize excellence in thefollowing categories:-HR to Vacancy Announcement Time-Referral List Returned to commit time; and-Workers Compensation Claim filed timelinessThe Watervliet Arsenal CPAC was awarded the Silver trophy and recognized as one of the top 5 CPACs in theworld!CPAC thanks all the managers for their cooperation and teamwork in helping to fill vacancies as quickly aspossible. With current budget constraints, teamwork and efficiency is more essential than ever in supportingour workforce locally and accomplishing the Army mission worldwide! CPAC Team Photo by Billy Martin Front Row: Kim Hall, Lori Van Vranken, Jodi Roy, Alma Pennington, and Sherri Gage. Back Row: James Ehman, Tina Pond, Jennifer Pusatere, and Robert McGraw. “Service to the Line, On the Line, On Time”
Page 9 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Lean Corner: Can an Office Be LEAN? By Mark Ripley Photo from Uncyclopedia.wikia.com Taiichi Ohno, one of the fathers of the Toyota Production System said decades ago that “the Toyota ProductionSystem is not just a production system.” He was referring to the tendency to focus on the manufacturing process duringcontinuous improvement. But much of the benefit from process improvement comes from improving indirect processes. Of course, we are not trying to implement the Toyota Production System. We are implementing the Watervliet ArsenalProduction System. The Watervliet Arsenal Production System is also more than just a production system. It applies equally well tomanufacturing processes or administrative processes. For any activity, you can identify a customer, determine the value inthe process (from the customer’s viewpoint), eliminate whatever does not add value, make the process flow and then pullthe value through the value adding process steps based on the customer’s need. And, of course, continue working on theprocess until it’s perfect. Administrative processes have lead time, work in process, quality issues, setup time, batching, rework, raw material,delays, queue times and waste…just like manufacturing processes. Not to mention customers who need to be satisfied or,better still, delighted! The same Lean tools that help create flow and eliminate waste in manufacturing processes workgreat for administrative processes, too. One tool is 6S. For some reason, clutter is something we learn to live with in our offices. But the fact is that clutterand disorganization are significant contributors to wasted time in an office. How often do you scramble to find that certainpiece of paper or the three-hole punch? But 6S goes deeper than just appearances – it is used to improve the process.Putting effort into organizing your group’s area through 6S can sometimes have almost miraculous results. The benefits of 6S in an office? How about eliminating wasted time as people perform their everyday tasks, presentinga professional image to customers, improving the morale of employees and using standard work to make it easier for fill-in workers to step into a co-worker’s position when they are not in? Visual management improves inter- and interofficecommunication. All Lean tools, especially 6S, can be applied profitably to virtually any activity. Want to implement the WatervlietArsenal Production System in your area? Talk with the Continuous Improvement Office.
Page 10 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Arsenal Women’s History: World War II By Mark Koziol In honor of March being Women’s History month, we pause to remember thethousands of women who were employed at Watervliet Arsenal during World War II.While numerous women worked on the production lines in the manufacturing build-ings, many of them were also employed in the “Siberia” section of the Arsenal per-forming critical duties necessary for an Allied victory over the Axis powers. These womenworked hard to en-sure a steady supplyof needed and criticalparts were sent fromWatervliet to the dif-ferent theaters of warthroughout the world. According to a TroyRecord newspaperarticle May 12, 1944, Above photo was taken in 1943 ofarchived at the Arse- Miss Demetra Mouy-nal Museum, a lot of os. More than 3,000women worked in the women worked atunheated Siberia ware- the Arsenal during World War II.house building. It was here wherethe Arsenal’s FieldService Depot was lo-cated. The Depot con-sisted of three branch- Photos provided by the Arsenal Museum World War II photo of the “Siberia” warehouse that gained its name from not having anyes: Stock Control; heat during the cold winters. Arsenal women processed and expedited hundreds of thou-Storage branch; and sands of shipments through Siberia during World War II.Maintenance branch. At the Field Service Depot: 48 percent of the total workers were women; 85 percent of the Stock Control branchwere women; and 50 percent of the employees in the Depot Storage Control branch were women. The Stock Control Section ensured proper documentation was created for both incoming and outgoing shipments ofparts and they were responsible for maintaining adequate stock levels. The Stock Control branch worked closely withthe Depot Transportation branch. Transportation ensured all documentation was accurate and attached to outgoing or-ders; and ensured a steady stream of railroad and truck transports were ready for the outgoing shipments to meet theirdeadlines. Hundreds of thousands of parts were processed and shipped out each month during World War II. When an order came in, women would pull specific parts from the storage bins and placed them on a conveyor thatmoved the parts to a series of long tables. Next, women would cover the parts with a rust preventative, wrap themin waterproof coverings and dip the package in a wax to seal it. The order would then be measured for shipment ineither a ready-made wooden container or if needed, the Arsenal carpenters would custom make a crate. Many of thecontainers had waterproof linings constructed according to government specifications. The crates were then properlymarked using a shipping number code, careful not to mention in English what was inside the crate, and shipped out.The products would arrive on time to their far-flung world-wide destination unharmed from weather or exposure to theelements. More than 3,000 women performed a variety of important tasks at the Arsenal during World War II. Without thededicated and professional women in the “Siberia” section who supplied the vitally needed parts to the front lines, anAllied victory over the Axis powers might have been in doubt.
Page 11 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013Black History Month: 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment By Egon Hatfield (RDECOM History Office) In February 1863, the United States raised its first Army regiment of black Soldiers during the Civil War. Massachusetts Gov. JohnA. Andrew received approval from U.S. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton Jan. 15, 1863, to recruit "persons of African descent, orga-nized into special corps" to fight for the Union cause. Andrew hoped the new unit, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, would become a model for future regiments, whose successwould confirm the capacity of blacks for military service. The 54th Massachusetts, under the command of Col. Robert Gould Shaw, trained at Camp Meigs in Readville in the Hyde Parksection of present-day Boston. Recruits arrived from 24 states -- 15 Union, five Confederate and all four border states. Their profes-sions included farmers, laborers and skilled tradesmen. On May 28, Andrew presented the regiment its colors. The 1,007 enlisted men and 37 white officers marched through Boston andembarked on the transport ship De Molay, destined for Beaufort, S.C. On July 16, 1863, the 54th Massachusetts saw its first action as part of a diversionary attack on James Island, across the AshleyRiver from Charleston, S.C. The first casualties totaled 45 men. Two days later, 600 men of the Regiment led a brigade-sized assault on Fort Wagner, located on Morris Island at the mouth ofCharleston Harbor. The fort, constructed with a ditch and earthworks, was located on a thin spit of land, where the only approach wasbordered by the ocean and a marsh. The 54th had no choice but to charge straight ahead into the fortifications. The attack was gallant, but disastrous. The unit heldpart of the fort, but Confederate counterattacks forced the men in blue to retreat, suffering 116 killed in action, including its com-mander, Shaw, and 156 wounded or captured. The unit gained recognition for its valor and showed that black Soldiers fought hard. One enlisted Soldier, Sgt. William Harvey Carney, was the first black recommended for the Congressional Medal of Honor for ral-lying the troops and saving the regimental colors. The medal was finally awarded May 23, 1900. The citation read, "When the color sergeant was shot down, this soldier grasped theflag, led the way to the parapet and planted the colors thereon. When the troops fell back, he brought off the flag under a fierce fire, inwhich he was twice severely wounded." Carney died in 1908.
Page 12 Salvo Feb. 28, 2013 Oh, what a busy month Photos by John B. Snyder For the shortest month of the year, February turned out to be full of action. From par-ticipating in several community events to working on urgent warfighter requirements to eventsconducted at the Arsenal, leaders and workers were challenged. And, as always, we made itthrough in good steed. Here are a few events that captured our interest and our hearts. Clockwise, from the upper right: Tony Urban, third from the left and who is the leadmanpower management analyst for the Arsenal, was the recipient of the 2013 Martin LutherKing Award for his efforts to promote diversity. His family is to his left. Fourth-year ap-prentice Brant Wert is being interviewed by YNN reporter Lori Chung regarding the Arsenal’s$5.9M foreign military sales contract. Samuel Offei provided a trip to the Ghanaian cultureas part of the Arsenal’s Diversity Day Luncheon. And, Matt Miller, who is the lead in theBusiness Transformation Office for real property management data, received from Col. MarkMigaleddi at a town hall a two-star note from Maj. Gen. Michael Terry for his great work.Matt was aided in his achievement by his right-arm assistant, Matt Lysogorski.