Visual Dictionary (2)


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Visual Dictionary (2)

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary BSCI 11/30/09 By: Waterproofing
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Air/Weather Barrier paper is a moisture-resistant barrier that covers the sheathing and acts as a back-up waterproofing layer in addition to the siding. </li></ul><ul><li>abp </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Attic Ventilation lets water escape and prevents the buildup of solar heat that occurs throughout the roofing and sheathing by drawing in air to cool of the space. </li></ul><ul><li>Soffit Vent </li></ul>
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Ridge Vent: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation Cont’d <ul><li>Roof Turbine </li></ul><ul><li>Gable Vent </li></ul>
  6. 6. Backhoe <ul><li>A backhoe is an excavator with a shovel bucket </li></ul><ul><li>attached to a hinged </li></ul><ul><li>boom and is drawn </li></ul><ul><li>backward to move </li></ul><ul><li>earth. </li></ul><ul><li>backhoe </li></ul>
  7. 7. Batter Boards <ul><li>A batter board is a temporary frame that is just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Brick Arches <ul><li>Roman Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Bonded Arch </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arches Cont’d <ul><li>Arch With a Keystone: </li></ul><ul><li>Centering- temporary framework for an arch, dome, or vault </li></ul>
  10. 10. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond (all stretchers) </li></ul><ul><li>Common Bond (several rows of stretchers separated by one row of headers.) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Headers </li></ul>Brickwork
  12. 12. Brickwork <ul><li>Rowlocks </li></ul><ul><li>Rl </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brickwork <ul><li>Soldiers </li></ul>
  14. 14. Brickwork <ul><li>Sailors </li></ul>
  15. 15. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Standard Brick </li></ul><ul><li>3 5/8” x 2 1/4” x 8” </li></ul><ul><li>Modular Brick </li></ul><ul><li>3 1/2” x 2 1/4” x 7 5/8” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bulldozer <ul><li>A bulldozer is a tractor with a metal blade used to move soil and gravel during construction. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cladding <ul><li>Brick </li></ul><ul><li>EIFS </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cladding Cont’d <ul><li>Stone </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Boards </li></ul>
  19. 19. Cladding <ul><li>Wood Shingles </li></ul><ul><li>Shingles- come individually; nails of each course covered by succeeding course </li></ul><ul><li>Wood shingles- sawn; Wood Shakes- split </li></ul>
  20. 20. Code Requirements <ul><li>The net opening must be 20” in min. width; 24” min. height; 5.7 sf min. area. </li></ul><ul><li>Does meet code with opening; however height AFF is only 14” </li></ul><ul><li>Bed r </li></ul>
  21. 21. Code Requirements <ul><li>Wood-Framed Stairs: </li></ul><ul><li>Tread = 11.5” </li></ul><ul><li>Riser = 6” </li></ul><ul><li>Stays within code; min tread = 11” </li></ul><ul><li>Max riser = 7 3/4” </li></ul>
  22. 22. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control Joint- an intentional, linear discontinuity in a component to make a plane of weakness allowing a crack to form in response to forces in order to minimize/eliminate cracking in other parts of the structure </li></ul><ul><li>CJ </li></ul>
  23. 23. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Isolation Joint- pad of concrete beneath a pressure point to prevent the slab from cracking </li></ul><ul><li>C.J. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) <ul><li>CMU- a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as brick or stone; a concrete block </li></ul><ul><li>Standard is an 8” block </li></ul><ul><li>1 CMU = 3 courses modular brick: </li></ul>
  25. 25. CMU Sizes <ul><li>4” block </li></ul><ul><li>12” block; 8” block </li></ul>
  26. 26. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed </li></ul>
  27. 27. Doors <ul><li>Panel: 2 panels </li></ul>Top rail Stile panel Lock rail Bottom rail [implied]
  28. 28. Flush Door
  29. 29. Doors Cont’d <ul><li>Transom- A small window directly above a door </li></ul><ul><li>Sidelight: window alongside a door </li></ul><ul><li>T </li></ul>
  30. 30. Electrical Components <ul><li>EC </li></ul><ul><li>Service Head </li></ul>Meter- measures amt. of electricity going into home service panel-receives 3 main wires from meter base; holds circuit breakers. Transformer- electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current. Duplex receptacle- hides 2 entering cables and wires, covered w/ plastic sheathing.
  31. 31. Framing Elements <ul><li>1) Anchor Bolt </li></ul><ul><li>Anchor bolt </li></ul>
  32. 32. Framing Elements <ul><li>2) Floor Joist [for 2nd floor] </li></ul><ul><li>3) Sub-flooring </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6) Stud </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>4) Sill plate 7) Top plate 5) Sole plate
  34. 34. Framing <ul><li>8) Stringer </li></ul><ul><li>St </li></ul>
  35. 35. Framing Cont’d <ul><li>9) Ceiling Joist </li></ul><ul><li>10) Rafters </li></ul>
  36. 36. Framing Cont’d <ul><li>11) roof decking </li></ul><ul><li>12) sheathing </li></ul>
  37. 37. Front End Loader <ul><li>Engineering vehicle that loads and transports dirt, gravel, and other materials </li></ul><ul><li>5’ </li></ul><ul><li>Front end loaders are wheeled (not tracked like a bulldozer). Unlike backhoes, they have a front bucket. </li></ul><ul><li>fel </li></ul>
  38. 38. Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel made of a gypsum core between two paper faces. Also known as drywall or plasterboard </li></ul>
  39. 39. Heat Pump <ul><li>Device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle to heat or cool a building by passing water or air over condensing or evaporating coals. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Insulation <ul><li>Purpose- slow passage of heat, control water vapor, control air filtration </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid board insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Inside </li></ul>Batt Insulation
  41. 41. Concrete Lintel <ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door, or opening </li></ul><ul><li>Lintel </li></ul>
  42. 42. Mortar <ul><li>Troweled; 1/2” thick; residential, house. Type O or N </li></ul><ul><li>Tooled 3/4” public building; possibly type N or S </li></ul>Mortar joint
  43. 43. Oriented Strand Board (OSB) <ul><li>Building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure; nonveneered panel product. </li></ul><ul><li>Osb </li></ul>
  44. 44. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory- 1 1/2 in pipe required </li></ul><ul><li>Water Closet </li></ul>
  45. 45. Plumbing Cont’d <ul><li>Tub w/ studs: </li></ul>
  46. 46. Plumbing <ul><li>Plumbing Vent; VTR admits air to waste water system </li></ul>
  47. 47. Plumbing <ul><li>Kitchen Sink </li></ul><ul><li>undermount </li></ul><ul><li>Sink </li></ul>
  48. 48. Plywood <ul><li>Wood panels composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer or veneers in plywood that are bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Plywood </li></ul>
  49. 49. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>This is a reflective foil next to an airspace in the roof or the wall assemblies to defer infrared energy </li></ul>
  50. 50. Rebar <ul><li>1/2” diameter, #4 bar: </li></ul><ul><li>The surface ribs of rebar allow for better bonding to the concrete. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter- a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Downspout- a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level </li></ul>
  52. 52. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Splash block- water and soil that are deposited on an exterior wall near the ground by the action of falling water from the roof </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul>
  53. 53. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment: </li></ul><ul><li>Clay Tile Roof: </li></ul>
  54. 54. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Shingle: a small unit of water-resistant material that is nailed to a wall or a sloping roof (with many overlapping layers); purpose is to keep it water-tight. </li></ul><ul><li>Slate Shingles: </li></ul>
  55. 55. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Wood Shingles: </li></ul><ul><li>Shingles </li></ul>
  56. 56. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Metal Panel Roof- </li></ul><ul><li>Common materials today are enamel-coated galvanized steel, copper, lead-coated copper, stainless steel, terne, and ternecoated stainless steel. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable </li></ul><ul><li>Mansard </li></ul>
  58. 58. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Hip </li></ul>
  59. 59. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Shed or Single-pitched roof </li></ul>
  60. 60. Steep Roof Terms Valley- trough formed by the intersection of 2 roof slopes Ridge- level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof Rake- sloping edge of a steep roof Eave- horizontal edge at low side of sloping roof
  61. 61. Steep Roof Terms Hip- diagonal intersection of planes in a hip roof soffit Facia- exposed vertical face of an eave Under-surface of horizontal element, I.e. roof overhang
  62. 62. Stone <ul><li>Coursed Rubble </li></ul><ul><li>Random Rubble </li></ul>
  63. 63. Stone <ul><li>Coursed Ashar </li></ul><ul><li>Random Ashar </li></ul>
  64. 64. Waterproofing <ul><li>Dampproofing- membrane loosely applied over foundation. </li></ul><ul><li>Wp </li></ul>
  65. 65. Weep Hole <ul><li>asdf </li></ul><ul><li>Weep Hole: small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates in a building component or assembly. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Windows <ul><li>Casement (hinged alongside the window) </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed (not hinged) </li></ul>
  67. 67. Windows <ul><li>Double hung (2 overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks) </li></ul>