Lanteigne line9hearing


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I presented this data at the National Energy Board Hearing regarding the reversal of Line 9. To view transcript of this presentation view Hearing Transcript volume 2 at this link:

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Lanteigne line9hearing

  1. 1. Waterloo Moraine & Risks of Line 9 Reversal to Canadas GDP and food security. By Louisette Lanteigne
  2. 2. Aquifers:The key to Waterloo Regions prosperity
  3. 3. Waterloo Regions Water SupplyThe Regional Municipality of Waterloo isCanadas largest municipality to rely almostentirely on groundwater.(75% wells, 25% the Grand River)Over 100 interconnected wells are used tosupply drinking water to an ever growingpopulation of close to 1 million people thatreside in one of Ontarios main economicgrowth areas.
  4. 4. The Waterloo MoraineYellow zone gathers 80% of the water
  5. 5. Water + Aggregates = Aquifers
  6. 6. Waterloo Moraines Complex Geology  Along coastal areas, geological composition is relatively consistent and “predictable”.  The Waterloo Moraine is located at the intersection of multiple glacial lobes.  The geology is very complex and less predictable.
  7. 7. Cross Section of Waterloo Moraine:Topography isnt enough to prevent risks!
  8. 8. Contamination goes to wells in spite of topography! Mike Stone re: Waterloo Moraine Chloride issues
  9. 9. Waterloo Moraine and Grand Rivers contribution to the GDP
  10. 10. Waterloo Regions economic contributionsWaterloo has a skilled and talented workforce of 282,300 (2010)$19.5 billion GDP, with a 5.8% increase from 2009 to 2010 (2010)Canada’s second most manufacturing intensive economy; 20% of our employed population (2008)Canada’s 10th and Ontario’s 4th largest urban area (2010)One of Canada’s fastest growing communities, with a population of 543,700 people that is projected to reach 729,000 people by 203174,000 full-time post-secondary students, including 15,000 co-operative education studentsUniversity of Waterloo’s Schlegel-UW Research Institute for Aging (including the Agri-Food for Healthy Aging [A-HA] initiative)Conestoga College’s Institute for Food Processing TechnologyClose proximity to the University of Guelph, a leading agri-food research institution. WATERLOO REGION PROFILE FOR 2011 -2014 STRATEGIC PLANNING PROCESS
  11. 11. Grand River- -Provides 25% of Waterloo Regions water and 100% of the water supply for Brantford, Brent County and Six Nations.- The Grand supports the same gross national revenue as the province of Nova Scotia. (State of the Grand River Watershed, GRCA)- Natural Heritage River contains 51% of Canadas native fish species including threatened and endangered species- River and tributaries support commercial fishing, tourism, birding, boating, trails and recreational use-Recharges Lake Erie
  12. 12. Waterloo Moraine & Agricultural Industries
  13. 13. Waterloo Regions Agricultural industries Waterloo is the second largest foodbelt in Ontario: Total gross farm receipts in 2005 for all farms in Waterloo Region totalled almost $400 million. Agriculture represents the largest land use activity in Waterloo Region WATERLOO REGION PROFILE FOR 2011 -2014 STRATEGIC PLANNING PROCESS.
  14. 14. Waterloo Agriculture Cont.Although direct employment numbers onthe farm are minimal, the impact of ouraccess to agricultural land and product onemployment across the entire food industry,from research, processing and end users isenormous.WATERLOO REGION PROFILE FOR 2011 -2014 STRATEGIC PLANNING PROCESS
  15. 15. LEADING FOOD COMPANIES IN WATERLOO REGION (some examples)Schneider-Maple Leaf Foods - Kitchener meat processing since 1886 andinventor of the official Oktoberfest SausageDare Foods – Family owned since 1892Frito Lay – One of North Americas largest snack food companiesWeston Bakeries – Variety of fresh fresh, frozen frozen and speciality bakeryproductsPillers Sausages & Delicatessens – A 1957 butcher shop that evolved into oneof North Americas Largest producers of sausages and deli meatsElmira Poultry – One of Canadas largest meat suppliers since 1985Tamming Foods LTD. – Sugar wafer productsDelft Blue Inc. – Milk fed veal supplier and meat packer, fresh case ready milkand grain fed vealDC Food Processing – Packer, private label batter, breaded chicken, fish, vealand cheese
  16. 16. Minimal Sociological ImpactsWith Climate Change, the Gulf Spill, the Tar Sandsand the Kalamazoo oil spill it is reasonable that thepublic becomes upset when planning mattersregarding fossil fuels are affecting their area. Thepublic has witnessed the damage and theyunderstand the science. They know the risks are realWaterloo Region lost 80% of our apple crops,40-50% of our peaches and well have no harvests ofplumbs or cherry this year. 100 million in damages forapples alone in Ontario..In this age it is unreasonable to assume that any oilpipeline will only have minimal sociological impacts.
  17. 17. Enbridges Insurance coverage for oil spills has not always been sufficient.
  18. 18. Case example #1:Enbridge has promises that there would be morethan $1.4 billion available for clean up in the eventof an oil spill.** Sources for this funding include ship-owners insurance, the CanadaShip Source Fund, the International Oil Pollution Fund and theSupplemental International Oil Pollution Fund,
  19. 19. Insurance didnt cover all the expenses of the Exxon Valdez The Exxon Valdez clean-up cost far more than $1.4 billion. According to Exxon, it spent about $2.1 billion. The effort took more than four summers of clean up before it was called off.
  20. 20. Case example #2: With the Kalamazoo spill, Enbridge exceeded theirinsured clean up coverage of $600 million and nowestimates that the clean-up will cost more than $720million.(source: The Tyee article: Economist Calls Gateway Pipeline an Inflationary Threat)
  21. 21. Economists warn about further inadequateinsurance coverage issues with Enbridge:Robyn Allan, the former president and CEO of theInsurance Corporation of British Columbia,characterizes the reduction of Enbridges insurancecoverage for oil spills to $575 million for the NorthernGateway as "likely insufficient" to cover the cost ofany real spills along the 1,000 kilometre pipeline overmountainous terrain.
  22. 22. What needs to be addressedThe technology, laws and regulations, andpractices for containing, responding to, andcleaning up spills lag behind the real risksand associated costs.
  23. 23. How much is 1% of the Waterloo RegionsWater Supply in terms of basic water costs? (*Not counting its function for industrial or agricultural use.)
  24. 24. 1% of the Waterloo Regions water, at 1 cent per litre = $18,184 per day, Annually: $6,637,160Source: Expert data as used in EBR request for Review for a Waterloo Moraine Protection Act
  25. 25. How to improve testing to avoid risksWith climate change we are experiencing unpredictableweather patterns. If you overlap precipitation patterns inWaterloo Region for 2008 and 2011 they are the completeopposite. We had the same precipitation levels butdramatic variability as to when rains showed up.Spring thaw or heavy rains can cause pipes to sink andbreak, especially in primary recharge areas. To avoidstructural integrity issues, mandate mandatory spring thawtesting & bore hole data to assess sediment compositionand water tables and be sure to check for seasonalvariants so we can avoid risks.
  26. 26. Hill slopes can be recharge areas! Even hill slopes can be active recharge areas ifthey are part of an outwash moraine system. Theshingle like sediment distribution makes bore holedata unreliable as it gives false positives thatslopes are impervious. These slopes can containhigh recharge zones in between.Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) systems are farmore accurate to assess risks to water tables inthese areas.
  27. 27. Modflow has its flaws so back it up with further data.Many hydrology firms use Modflow programs to studyaquifers but the program assumes aquifers are selfcontained and this poses a risk.Data input is often subjective which is why mandatorytesting standards and methods are needed to clarifyprocesses to explain where the numbers came fromand how they came to the results. Make sure the databeing used is current.Modflow works better when supported with localizedgeological data including sediment type to betterunderstand actual hydrological connectivity.
  28. 28. Better bore holes = better risk prevention. Waterloos Aquifers are a multilayered, interconnectedaquifer system and it is extremely difficult if not impossiblein some cases to secure reasonable hydrauliccontainment should a spill occur.To better understand our moraine, we need deep borehole testing of 100 m or more to see what aquifers may beimpacted should a spill happen, in order to adequatelyprotect municipal, agricultural and industrial watersupplies.
  29. 29. Abandoned wells pose a riskIn Waterloo Region, there are numerousold unused wells that provide a direct linefor contaminants to reach groundwateraquifers. We must make sure that wells arecapped properly, especially in proximity topipelines in order to prevent contaminationrisks.
  30. 30. Regarding Rare SpeciesAnimals such as the Wavy-RayedLampmussel, the Rainbow Mussel arefederally protected and they live in theGrand River and area tributaries however,EIS studies often fail to have regard formollusk studies.In wetlands we have JeffersonSalamanders. Be sure amphibian studiesfor these species using appropriate testingmethods at the correct time of the year.
  31. 31. What if disaster strikes?
  32. 32. Cost for a Lake Erie Pipeline - Cost: $1.2 billion (2008) - does not include treatment or transportation costs - Does not include cost to upgrade intake facilities. - Water delivered uphill - The Grand River would be “infrastructure” and lose heritage status.
  33. 33. Cost for a Lake Erie Pipeline - Does not include increased minimum wages -Does not include increased costs of materials that have dramatically increased due to tar sands expansions ie: Steel is up 66% -How much would water costs increase?
  34. 34. Lake Erie March 12, 2012 Will it even be drinkable?
  35. 35. Zebra Mussels in intake pipe ar
  36. 36. Toxic Blue Green Algae
  37. 37. To protect communities and the economy, realisticallyassess the monetary risks and let us make source water protection the highest priority!