Farmsat risk


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Farmsat risk

  1. 1. Ontario Farmlands
  2. 2. Where do Farmlands Come from? That answer is as easy as dirt!Aggregate distribution governs all aspects of the surface andsubsurface geological characteristics of an area. Aggregatesshape topography, mineral contents and ph levelsinfluencing the plants that grow and the species that thrive.Aggregate distribution impacts water quality, water volumes,water flow and flow rates heading to wells and tributaries. Itsrole in retaining water, either above or below the ground,impacts atmospheric temperatures. It supports a web ofbiodiversity both above and below and in soil layers. It helpsto controls floods, prevents drought and provides water foragriculture, tributaries, lakes and rivers which supportscommunities and industries. Aggregates are the keystone for all of this!
  3. 3. A View of Ontarios Farmlands 2011 Census of AgricultureOntario has the biggest agricultural output asmeasured by farm cash receipts, with 12.6million acres in agricultural production, just 5.6%of Ontario’s land base.Though Ontario has less than a quarter of thefarmland of either Saskatchewan or Alberta, thecombination of soil and climate mean yields onOntario farmland are often double or more thanthat of the Prairies.
  4. 4. Farming in Ontario = $50 billion/year Direct employment in the automotive sector in 2010 was 31,500, while food processing hit 127,000. The Alliance of Ontario Food Processors also reported the farming created an additional 90,000 jobs. In 2010, the auto sector had $43.6 billion in revenue in Ontario, while food processing, agriculture products and farming grossed nearly $50 billion.
  5. 5. Farmlands in Ontario at riskNumber of farms in Ontario dropped 9.2%from 2006 to 2011The area farmed in the province fell 4.8%from 2006 to 2011.
  6. 6. The reason for decline of Ontario farms: “It’s subdivisions, it’s shopping malls, it’s roads,” said Mark Wales, president of the Ontario Federation of Agriculture. “We’re developing good farmland that in the long run will not be available to grow food, fibre and fuel for the world.”
  7. 7. Mark Wales, President of Ontario Federation of Agriculture states: “Canada is expected to be one of only six countries in the world to be a net exporter of food.”
  8. 8. Global water & food crisis due to declining aquifersWorlds largest aquifer going Chinas north that produces food fordry 400 million people is running out ofThe Ogallala aquifer is the worlds water because they are depleting thelargest underground water system, underground aquifers.irrigating one-third of the US corn Thomas Fingar, chairman and deputy directorcrops and providing drinking water to US National IntelligenceCouncil andColorado, Kansas, Nebraska, NewMexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota,Texas and Wyoming. It’s one of thefastest-disappearing aquifers in theworld and the water is not comingback. ( Associated Press) The failure of governments to limit pumping to the sustainable yield of aquifers means that water tables are now falling in countries that contain more than half the worlds people, including the big three grain producers--China, India, and the United States. Lester R. Brown,Earth Policy Institute, Washington D.C.
  9. 9. According to the Word Bank:Drought-affected areas would increase from 15.4% ofglobal cropland today, to around 44% by 2100.The most severely affected regions in the next 30 to90 years will likely be in southern Africa, the UnitedStates, southern Europe and Southeast Asia.
  10. 10. Agricultural lands WITH WATER are in high demand.• Countries such as China, Korea and the United Arab Emirates are buying or leasing agricultural land to help meet their own food needs. The International Food Policy Research Institute• The World Bank estimates that demand for food will rise by 50 percent by 2030. The National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends 2025• Global Economist project that agricultural lands will surpass the value of development lands in the near future due to rising oil production costs, population increases, higher standard of living, water shortages climate change and drought.First photo: China, Second Photo: The US Third: Waterloo Ontario
  11. 11. 2012 view of US Drought
  12. 12. US drought resulted in toxic feed Cattle are being poisoned by cyanide-laced weeds in Arkansas. Across the Midwest water-soluble fertilizers are concentrating in soils and plants, making them harmful rather than productive. And in Missouri, samples suggest that more than half the corn crop isnt fit for human consumption, thanks to unusually high levels of nitrogen. There was not enough water for photosynthesis and high nitrate build up made the corn toxic.
  13. 13. Atrazine contaminated US water supplies.Drought and depleted aquifers reduced groundwater to dilute.
  14. 14. This is Africa
  15. 15. This is Americas Midwest in 2012
  16. 16. Think Globally
  17. 17. Act Locally!Protect our A1 farmlands and primary recharge areas from quarries and development.Expand the Greenbelt Save Dont Pave Primary Recharge Areas
  18. 18. Save food and water resources for generations to come!