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WASH 2011 conference: Robert Apunyo

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  1. 1. Commercialization of Public Toilets in Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe<br />Robert APUNYO <br />Research Fellow <br />Public Affairs and Parliamentary Support Trust (PAPST)<br />Zimbabwe<br /><br />Cell: +263 777 503 727 (Zimbabwe)<br /> +256 712 855 013 (Uganda) <br />
  2. 2. OUTLINE<br /><ul><li>Introduction
  3. 3. Commercial Model
  4. 4. Impact of this model
  5. 5. Weaknesses of the model
  6. 6. Way forward</li></li></ul><li>Map of Zimbabwe showing Bulawayo City<br /><ul><li>Economic sanctions fueled hyper-inflation to trillions% by 2008.
  7. 7. Bulawayo City has a population of about 2 million people.</li></li></ul><li>METHODOLOGY <br /><ul><li>Key Informant Interviews:
  8. 8. City Council Officials (3)
  9. 9. Area Councillor (1)
  10. 10. Attendants of toilets (10)
  11. 11. Survey of toilet users [Exit polls](237)</li></li></ul><li>Factors for Commercialization of Public Toilets <br /><ul><li>Failure of Bulawayo City Council (BCC) to maintain public toilets due to the hard economic situation – (closed some)
  12. 12. To curtail rampant vandalism of public toilets. Private operators provide security.</li></li></ul><li>COMMERCIAL MODEL<br /><ul><li>In 2006 BCC passed a Resolution to lease out some of its 116 public toilets under the following conditions: </li></ul>In each area half of the toilets remain free for people who cannot pay for such services<br />Lessees renovate and manage toilets at a fee, for 3 year terms – renewable<br />A leased toilet pays USD 50 to BCC, monthly<br />BCC maintains all the sewer infrastructure<br />
  13. 13. Benefits of the Commercial Model <br /><ul><li>BCC receives a monthly revenue of about USD 500 from the 9 leased toilet blocks.
  14. 14. Protection of toilet facilities against vandals.
  15. 15. Helped keep the toilets open and usable.</li></ul>7<br />
  16. 16. Benefits … <br />Makokoba Community Pay Toilets:<br />Donates sports kits to the local youth club<br />Donates medical kits to primary schools.<br />Furnished the Office of the area Councilor.<br />Employment to private operators. <br />8<br />
  17. 17. PRACTICES THAT HAVE OCCURRED <br />9<br />
  18. 18. Practices that have occurred <br />10<br />
  19. 19. Practices that have occurred <br />11<br />
  20. 20. Practices that have occurred <br />12<br />
  21. 21. Demand for Public Toilets <br />13<br />
  22. 22. CHALLENGES OF THE MODEL <br />Limited operational hours<br />Lack of clear <br /> investment plan <br />Some toilets are not economically viable for leasing. <br />14<br />
  23. 23. WAY FORWARD <br /><ul><li>Keep toilets open until business winds up in the respective areas.
  24. 24. Recommend for development of a clear toilet revenue investment plan.
  25. 25. Facilitate installation of toilet paper dispensing machines to keep the toilet paper inside toilets.</li></ul>15<br />
  26. 26. Thank You <br />16<br />