A sanitized traditional town: Siddhipur


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WASH 2011 conference: Shreya Bajimaya
-MSc. Student, Nepal Engineering College
Research Intern, NGO Forum for urban water and sanitation, Prakash Amatya
-Executive Director, NGO Forum for urban water and sanitation

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A sanitized traditional town: Siddhipur

  1. 1. A sanitized traditional town: Siddhipur<br />Shreya Bajimaya<br /> -MSc. Student, Nepal Engineering College<br />Research Intern, NGO Forum for urban water and sanitation<br />PrakashAmatya<br />-Executive Director, NGO Forum for urban water and sanitation<br />
  2. 2. Study Site<br />Total population: 6046<br />Female: 51.3%<br />Male: 48.7%<br />Occupation: Agriculture, business, service, wage and overseas service<br />
  3. 3. Past scenario<br /><ul><li>Less than 40% toilet coverage
  4. 4. Four communal toilets were present</li></ul>Sanitation of Siddhipur was in deplorable state<br /><ul><li>Open defecation prevalent
  5. 5. Haphazard disposal of solid waste
  6. 6. Drainage system poor
  7. 7. Water borne diseases common</li></li></ul><li>Major sanitation intervention<br />Local CBOs (Sanitation committee, Ward level committee, Women groups) <br />Siddhipur Integrated Water and Sanitation Programme<br />Siddhipur VDC<br />Community/ Local people<br />Siddhipur WATSAN User’s Committee<br />Sanitation, Hygiene and Education (SHE) team<br />Local organizations<br />
  8. 8. Sanitation initiatives<br />
  9. 9. ECOSAN .......why?<br /><ul><li>Orientation on ECOSAN toilets provided
  10. 10. Construction of more than 100 ECOSAN toilets including indoor ECOSAN toilets
  11. 11. Compatible to the traditional practice of waste disposal of the community, therefore socially accepted
  12. 12. Application of human urine and feces in agriculture derived from ECOSAN toilets
  13. 13. Demand for fertilizer high in Siddhipur
  14. 14. Compost provided an incentive to the community people
  15. 15. Useful for agriculture dependent community</li></li></ul><li>
  16. 16. Gender sensitive..<br />
  17. 17. Women involvement<br /><ul><li>Women directly involved in household activities
  18. 18. Women sensitized and trained on WATSAN issues
  19. 19. More than 800 women trained on household composting options and solid waste management
  20. 20. Women involved in sanitation improvement activities (CLTS campaign, clean-up activity, awareness program, plastic waste segregation…….
  21. 21. Status and role of women uplifted
  22. 22. Leadership and confidence boosted
  23. 23. Sanitation improvement started from household level
  24. 24. Women involvement crucial in every stage to bring about change</li></li></ul><li>ManjuMaharjan:<br />I didn’t drink much water and eat much food to avoid frequent use of communal toilet. I always feared of being seen by boys. <br />After becoming member of SHE team, I received training and became much confident.<br /> Finally, I could manage to convince my parents to construct toilet at home. Now, I also have an idea about using manure derived from ECOSAN in the field. <br />
  25. 25. Achievements<br />Sanitation coverage of the VDC increased significantly<br />Siddhipur declared as Open Defecation Free zone<br />Wide spread awareness of WATSAN issues observed <br />Status and role of women uplifted<br />Change in reluctant attitude of local people<br />
  26. 26. Lessons learnt<br /><ul><li>Community mobilization-an integral component.
  27. 27. ECOSAN toilet- a viable option to be promoted in agriculture based communities.
  28. 28. CLTS tool to be used at initial stages of project to encourage community involvement.
  29. 29. Role of women crucial in implementing sanitation activities.
  30. 30. Harmonization of associated organizations, local authorities and community imperative to success of any project.</li></li></ul><li>Linkage to broader context/ Sustainability<br />Use of appropriate technology<br />
  31. 31. Acknowledgement<br /><ul><li>Siddhipur Water and sanitation User’s Committee
  32. 32. Mr. Krishna Maharjan
  33. 33. Mr. Robert Dongol and Mr. DibeshShrestha
  34. 34. Photo Courtesy: Guthi, ENPHO and field survey</li></li></ul><li>Thank you<br />