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Using transitions2

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Using transitions2

  1. 1. Using Transitions Idea Idea Transition References © 2001 by Ruth Luman
  2. 2. Transitions <ul><li>Look at the two groups of sentences below. </li></ul><ul><li>Which sentences read more smoothly? Click on </li></ul><ul><li>an answer below. </li></ul>My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. He has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year. My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. In fact, he has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year.
  3. 3. Transitions What are transition words?
  4. 4. Transitions <ul><li>A transition word directly tells the reader the </li></ul><ul><li>logical relationship between one idea and </li></ul><ul><li>another idea. </li></ul>Idea Idea Transition
  5. 5. Example Marcos loves to go swimming in the ocean. his parents won’t allow him to do that. ;however, The transition, however , tells the reader that the logical relationship between the two ideas is contrast.
  6. 6. Transitions <ul><li>Transitions are words that help make </li></ul><ul><li>your writing more coherent. They create </li></ul><ul><li>connections between: </li></ul>- one clause and another clause - one sentence and another sentence - one group of sentences and the next group of sentences
  7. 7. Joining Two Independent Clauses <ul><li>One way of joining two independent clauses is with a semicolon, a transition, and a comma. </li></ul>Marcos is a great swimmer he’s very good at scuba diving. ; furthermore, Marcos is a great swimmer ;furthermore, he’s very good at scuba diving.
  8. 8. Connecting Two Sentences <ul><li>You can use a transition and comma to tell the reader the logical relationship between two sentences . </li></ul>Marcos is very athletic. he plays three sports at school. In fact, Marcos is very athletic. In fact, he plays three sports at school.
  9. 9. Placement of Transition <ul><li>Rather than placing the transition at the beginning of the second sentence, you may place it in the middle of the second sentence after the subject with two commas. </li></ul>Marcos is very athletic. He , in fact, plays three sports at school. subject transition
  10. 10. Transitions in Longer Writing <ul><li>When writing a paragraph or a larger piece of writing,you can use a transition to show the reader the logical relationship between one group of sentences and another group of sentences. </li></ul>This is useful when you want to let the reader know that you are changing from one idea to another idea.
  11. 11. Example- Longer Piece of Writing <ul><li>Essay </li></ul>Introduction Body Paragraph 1 Body Paragraph 2: In addition, Body Paragraph 3: Furthermore, Conclusion: Transition connects ideas in paragraph 3 to ideas in paragraph 2. Transition connects ideas in paragraph 2 to ideas in paragraph 1.
  12. 12. Types of Transitions Marcos loves to ski ;moreover, ;furthermore, ;in addition, ;besides, he likes to fish. Relationship Transition Addition Moreover Furthermore In addition besides
  13. 13. Types of Transitions Marcos plays basketball ;in fact, ;indeed, he plays every Saturday. The transition and second clause reemphasize the first clause. Relationship Transition Reinforcement/Emphasis Indeed In fact
  14. 14. Types of Transitions Marcos enjoys outdoor sports ;for example, ;for instance, ;in particular, he likes hiking, skiing, and fishing. The second clause is more specific than the first. Relationship Transition Exemplification For example For instance In particular
  15. 15. Types of Transitions Marcos enjoys scuba diving ;on the other hand, ;however, ;on the contrary, ;in contrast, I think it is an expensive sport. $$$ Relationship Transition Contrast However On the contrary In contrast On the other hand
  16. 16. Types of Transitions Marcos broke his leg ;thus, ;consequently, ;therefore, ;hence, ;as a result, ;accordingly, he can’t play basketball. Relationship Transition Result or Effect Consequently Accordingly Thus Hence Therefore As a result
  17. 17. Types of Transitions Marcos scored a goal ;subsequently, ;thereafter, his team won the game. after Relationship Transition Time Meanwhile (at the same time) Subsequently (after) Thereafter (after)
  18. 18. Practice Exercises <ul><li>Now you are ready to practice what you’ve learned. Click the link below to return to Unit D. Print and complete the Practice Exercise on transitions. Check your answers with a tutor. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Correct! <ul><li>Excellent! This sentence reads more smoothly </li></ul><ul><li>because it contains a transition. Transition </li></ul><ul><li>words connect ideas within and between </li></ul><ul><li>sentences. </li></ul>My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. In fact, he has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year.
  20. 20. I’m Sorry! <ul><li>These sentence do not read as smoothly. </li></ul><ul><li>These sentences contain no transitions to </li></ul><ul><li>connect the ideas to each other. Go back to </li></ul><ul><li>learn more about using transition words. </li></ul>My friend, Marcos, loves to play sports and is very athletic. He has won a scholarship to play football at a university next year. No transition words to connect ideas.
  21. 21. References <ul><li>PowerPoint Presentation by Ruth Luman: Modesto Junior College. </li></ul><ul><li>This project incorporates portions of copyrighted works. These items are included under the fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and have been prepared according to the educational fair use guidelines. They are restricted from further use. </li></ul>

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