<ul><li>Actions, events, states that started and finished in the past (…ago, last …, yesterday… ) </li></ul><ul><li>Regula...
<ul><li>What did you do yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you do Friday night? </li></ul><ul><li>Where were you Saturd...
<ul><li>Use 1:   Past actions that were in progress at a particular time in the past; actions that were not yet finished a...
<ul><li>Where were you last Thursday at 8 p.m.?  What were you doing? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you doing Friday at 5 p....
<ul><li>Use 2:   Two (or more) actions that were in progress in the past at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Use  while </l...
<ul><li>Use 3:   Describe and set the scene; tell what was happening or in progress when something else happened or interr...
<ul><li>Use past continuous to say what was in progress </li></ul><ul><li>I  was crossing  the street … </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>I  was sleeping  when the telephone  rang  and  woke   me up. </li></ul><ul><li>He  was driving  too fast when he ...
<ul><li>We  were watching  the news when the announcer  made  a special live report. </li></ul><ul><li>I  was trying  to s...
<ul><li>Directions:   Look at the following picture for one minute.  Try to remember as many details as you can, but don’t...
<ul><li>Ready, go …. </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>How many people were there? </li></ul><ul><li>Where were the people? </li></ul><ul><li>What was hanging from the c...
<ul><li>Subject   +  was / were   +  verb+ing </li></ul><ul><li>Negation: </li></ul><ul><li>Subject   +  was / were   +  n...
Verb ending in... How to make the -ING form Examples (Most verbs) Add -ING say - saying go - going walk - walking 1 vowel ...
<ul><li>1.  The telephone (ring) when I (take a shower). </li></ul><ul><li>2.  I (eat) dinner when you (come) to visit. </...
<ul><li>Use  while  for two actions in progress at the same time in the past:  </li></ul><ul><li>She was talking while he ...
<ul><li>When  and  while  at the  front  of a sentence, use a  comma: </li></ul><ul><li>When you called ,  I was watching ...
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Past tenseandpastcontinuousverbs

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Past tenseandpastcontinuousverbs

  1. 2. <ul><li>Actions, events, states that started and finished in the past (…ago, last …, yesterday… ) </li></ul><ul><li>Regular verbs: -ed </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular verbs: change spelling, memorize </li></ul><ul><li>for list of irregular verbs, see </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard Course Documents, Verb Tenses, Past Tense folder </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Express textbook pages 336 - 337 </li></ul><ul><li>The instructor </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>What did you do yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you do Friday night? </li></ul><ul><li>Where were you Saturday morning? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you do to celebrate your last birthday? </li></ul><ul><li>When did you move to the U.S.? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you start taking classes at MiraCosta College? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you learn to speak English so well? </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Use 1: Past actions that were in progress at a particular time in the past; actions that were not yet finished at a past time </li></ul>Erika’s Schedule 8 – 9: had breakfast 9 – 10: finished her homework 10 – 11: exercised 11 – 12: cooked lunch 12 – 2: shopped 2 – 5: talked to a friend on the phone At 8:30 , Erika _________________ breakfast. At 9:15 , she ___________________ her homework. At 10 , she _____________________. At 11:30 , she ___________________. At 12.15 , she ____________________ lunch. At 3 , she ______________ to a friend.
  4. 5. <ul><li>Where were you last Thursday at 8 p.m.? What were you doing? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you doing Friday at 5 p.m.? Where were you? Who were you with? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you doing Sunday morning at 7 a.m.? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you doing last night at this time? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you doing last week at this time? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you doing last year at this time? </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Use 2: Two (or more) actions that were in progress in the past at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Use while </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Sorry, I wasn’t listening to you while you were talking . </li></ul><ul><li>While I was reading , he was writing . </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Use 3: Describe and set the scene; tell what was happening or in progress when something else happened or interrupted a past in-progress action </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Car accident </li></ul><ul><li>Broken bone </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting a future spouse </li></ul><ul><li>A Crime </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Use past continuous to say what was in progress </li></ul><ul><li>I was crossing the street … </li></ul><ul><li>Use simple past for the interrupting action </li></ul><ul><li>when the driver ran the red light. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>I was sleeping when the telephone rang and woke me up. </li></ul><ul><li>He was driving too fast when he crashed the car. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>We were watching the news when the announcer made a special live report. </li></ul><ul><li>I was trying to study when you called . </li></ul><ul><li>Student examples: </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Directions: Look at the following picture for one minute. Try to remember as many details as you can, but don’t write anything. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Ready, go …. </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>How many people were there? </li></ul><ul><li>Where were the people? </li></ul><ul><li>What was hanging from the ceiling? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the bank robber holding? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the bank robber wearing? </li></ul><ul><li>What color was his hair? </li></ul><ul><li>What was covering the bank robber’s face? </li></ul><ul><li>Was the bank robber right-handed or left-handed? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the bank manager doing? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the bank teller doing? </li></ul><ul><li>Who was walking into the bank? </li></ul><ul><li>What time was it? </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Subject + was / were + verb+ing </li></ul><ul><li>Negation: </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + was / were + not + verb+ing </li></ul><ul><li>Yes/ No Question: </li></ul><ul><li>Was / Were + subject + + verb+ing ? </li></ul><ul><li>Information Question: </li></ul><ul><li>(WH) + Was / Were + subject + + verb+ing ? </li></ul>
  14. 16. Verb ending in... How to make the -ING form Examples (Most verbs) Add -ING say - saying go - going walk - walking 1 vowel + 1 consonant Double the consonant, then add -ING swim - swimming hit - hitting get - getting 1 vowel + 1 consonant + E Final –ie Remove E, then add –ING Change –ie to y, then add -ING come - coming lose - losing live – living die – dying tie -- tying
  15. 17. <ul><li>1. The telephone (ring) when I (take a shower). </li></ul><ul><li>2. I (eat) dinner when you (come) to visit. </li></ul><ul><li>3. It (begin) to rain while they (walk) home. </li></ul><ul><li>4. We (see) an accident when we (drive) on the freeway. </li></ul><ul><li>5. The driver (no pay) attention to the cars in front when he (crash) into the red convertible. </li></ul><ul><li>6. She (chop) onions when she (cut) her finger. </li></ul><ul><li>7. They (watch) TV when the electricity (go) out. </li></ul><ul><li>8. A: What (you, do) yesterday at 5:00? I tried to call you but no one answered. </li></ul><ul><li>B: I didn’t hear the telephone. I (vacuum). </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Use while for two actions in progress at the same time in the past: </li></ul><ul><li>She was talking while he was driving. </li></ul><ul><li>Use when when telling about sequence of events (one action that was in progress that was interrupted by another event in the past): </li></ul><ul><li>I was just leaving when you called . </li></ul><ul><li>(first action in progress) (interrupting event) </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>When and while at the front of a sentence, use a comma: </li></ul><ul><li>When you called , I was watching TV. </li></ul><ul><li>While he was washing the clothes , I was doing the dishes. </li></ul><ul><li>When and while in the middle of a sentence, no comma </li></ul><ul><li>I was watching TV when you called. </li></ul><ul><li>I was doing the dishes while he was washing the clothes. </li></ul>

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