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  1. 1. DETERMINERS <ul><li>Help to identify things and used to show quantity. </li></ul><ul><li>Determiners are words like a, the, my, this, some, </li></ul><ul><li>either, every,enough etc. </li></ul><ul><li>But they are NOT ADJECTIVES even though they </li></ul><ul><li>come at the beginning of noun phrases. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The earth </li></ul><ul><li>My sister </li></ul><ul><li>Either solution </li></ul><ul><li>Each boy </li></ul><ul><li>This month </li></ul><ul><li>There are 2 main groups </li></ul><ul><li>of determiners : </li></ul><ul><li>a) Group A determiners </li></ul><ul><li>b) Group B determiners </li></ul>
  3. 3. Group A determiners <ul><li>Help to identify things. Examples are : </li></ul><ul><li>Articles : a/an, the </li></ul><ul><li>Possessive : my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their, </li></ul><ul><li>one’s, whose </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstratives : this, these, that, those </li></ul><ul><li>Note that two Group A determiners cannot be put together. We can say the cat , my cat or this cat , but not the my cat , or my this cat . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In order to put together the meanings of two Group A determiners, we have to use the structure a / this … of mine / yours etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are : </li></ul><ul><li>This car of mine </li></ul><ul><li>That cat of yours </li></ul><ul><li>This house of his </li></ul>
  5. 5. Group B determiners <ul><li>Most Group B determiners are quantifiers. Examples are : </li></ul><ul><li>Some , any,no </li></ul><ul><li>Each , every , either , neither </li></ul><ul><li>Much , many , more , most ; a little, less , least ; a few , fewer , fewest ; </li></ul><ul><li>enough , several </li></ul><ul><li>All , both , half </li></ul><ul><li>What , whatever , which , whichever </li></ul><ul><li>One , two , three etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Some Group B determiners are used with singular nouns. Examples are : each, every, either, neither etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Group B determiners are used with plural nouns. Example : many </li></ul><ul><li>Some are used with uncountable nouns. Example : much </li></ul><ul><li>There are also some Group B determiners which can be used with more than one kind of noun. Example : which </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Many people are unable to control their temper. </li></ul><ul><li>James is one of them. Due to this, he has very few </li></ul><ul><li>friends. He has to attend several courses on temper </li></ul><ul><li>management to improve himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Two Group B determiners can be put together if the combination makes sense. Examples are : </li></ul><ul><li>Buses leave every ten minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Have you got any more rice ? </li></ul>
  8. 8. NOTES <ul><li>Group B determiners can be used directly before nouns, without of . </li></ul><ul><li>Has he got any friends ? </li></ul><ul><li>Has he got any of friends ? X </li></ul><ul><li>Most people like babies. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of people like babies. X </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>But note that if we want to put a Group B determiners before a noun with a Group A determiners (article, demonstrative, or possessive), we have to use of. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare : </li></ul><ul><li>Each child was given a prize. </li></ul><ul><li>Each of my children was given a prize. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Neither answer is correct. </li></ul><ul><li>Neither of these answers is correct. </li></ul><ul><li>All my friends live abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>All of my friends live abroad. </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE END