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Regulatory Landscape The Triad 1 10


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Ralph A. Wolff, President and Executive Director
Western Association of Schools and Colleges
Accrediting Commission for Senior Colleges and Universities

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Regulatory Landscape The Triad 1 10

  1. 1. Regulatory Landscape:The Triad<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />DGREE<br />Overview of U.S. Higher Education <br />Greatest diversity of institutions in the world<br />Long considered the best system in the world<br />Major innovations – independent boards of trustees, community colleges, open access<br />Massification since Korean War<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />DGREE<br />Mission Differentiation<br />Research <br />Liberal arts <br />Comprehensive universities<br />Community colleges<br />Faith-based <br />Specialized/single purpose<br />“One solution/model won’t fit all.”<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />DGREE<br />Institutions<br />Public 4-year institutions 643<br />Public 2-year institutions 1,045<br />Private 4-year institutions, nonprofit 1,533<br />Private 4-year institutions, for-profit 453<br />Private 2-year institutions, nonprofit 107<br />Private 2-year institutions, for-profit 533<br />Total 4,314<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />DGREE<br />Where Students Go<br />Public 4-year institutions 6,955,013 (39%)<br />Public 2-year institutions 6,225,120 (35%)<br />Private 4-year institutions 4,285,317 (24%)<br />Private 2-year institutions 293,420 (1%)<br />Total17,758,870<br />81% of all freshmen in the fall of 2006 who had graduated from high school in the previous year attended colleges in their home states. <br />
  6. 6. Where Has Growth Occurred?<br />Public 4 yr: 10 yr. 19%<br />Public 2 yr: 10 yr. 28%<br />Private (nonprofit): 10 yr. 19%<br />For profit: 10 yr. 285%<br />Distance Education: 2.1 million (F2008)<br />Share held by for profits 42%<br />6<br />DGREE<br />
  7. 7. Key Values of Traditional H.E.<br />Academic freedom<br />Institutional autonomy<br />Mission distinctiveness<br />Shared governance (faculty control over curriculum)<br />7<br />DGREE<br />
  8. 8. Key Shifts<br />De-institutionalization of learning<br />National footprint institutions<br />Online education on and off campus<br />Increased inter-institutional arrangements<br />Increased accountability<br />8<br />DGREE<br />
  9. 9. Regulatory Environment<br />External<br /> -- States<br /> -- Federal<br /> -- Accreditation<br />Internal<br /> -- Systems<br /> -- Faculty senates<br />9<br />DGREE<br />
  10. 10. States <br />50 different regulatory approaches<br />Licensure of degree granting institutions<br />Prior approval of new campuses, sites, programs<br />Differing regulatory patterns for distance education <br />10<br />DGREE<br />
  11. 11. Accreditation<br />Institutional<br /> -- Regional<br /> -- National<br /> -- Religious<br />Specialized/Professional<br /> -- &gt; 60 and growing<br />11<br />DGREE<br />
  12. 12. History and Authority<br />Created by institutions over 100 years ago<br />Private and nongovernmental<br />Peer review self regulation<br />Mission-centered; Individual institution based<br />Minimum standards, improvement or accountability<br />6 regions; 7 commissions (140 – 1080 institutions)<br />12<br />DGREE<br />
  13. 13. Federal Linkage<br />1952 link to federal financial aid<br />Formal recognition process (5 years)<br />Currently 10 standards, 75 pages of regulations<br />Concern over $80 billion in financial aid<br />More regulations coming<br />13<br />DGREE<br />
  14. 14. Key Regulatory Issues<br />Transfer of credit<br />Student academic achievement<br />Institutional growth, periodic monitoring<br />Substantive change (all of campus sites and changes in modality of learning)<br />Correspondence vs. distance education<br />Definition of a credit hour<br />Occupational codes and placement requirements<br />14<br />DGREE<br />
  15. 15. Time to Accreditation <br />New Institution (Regional): 4-7 years<br /> -- Eligibility, Candidacy, Initial Accreditation<br />New Institution – (National): 1-2 years<br />Acquisition (ownership/control): 6-12 months <br /> -- Agency approval<br />-- USDE approval (PPA)<br />Affiliation: 6 months<br />15<br />DGREE<br />
  16. 16. WASC: Incubator and Capacity Builder<br />160 institutions; &gt; 800,000 fte students<br />1996-2001 Experimentation and dialogue<br />Transformed focus from inputs to outcomes<br />Innovative multi-stage learning centered model<br />Goal is to change the fundamental conversation about accreditation – from compliance to collaborative inquiry<br />Redefined our role as capacity building<br />16<br />DGREE<br />
  17. 17. Key Challenges<br />What should be the standards of quality for 2012-2020?<br />Should there be common outcomes for the bachelor’s degree? <br />What is good enough?<br />How do we encourage innovation and then review it?<br />17<br />DGREE<br />
  18. 18. Can we move beyond accrediting institutions to new platforms, competencies and new models?<br />Can WASC itself become a model what we want our institutions to become? Open, transparent, innovative, etc.<br />18<br />DGREE<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />DGREE<br /> Can We Move To the Next Level?<br />“The problems we have cannot be solved at the same level of thinking at which we created them.” Albert Einstein<br />WASC needs your best ideas to redefine and transform accreditation to meet the changes that you will crate as a result of this conference. <br />