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FUEL FLEXIBILITY
THE NEXT CHALLENGE FOR THE POWER GENERATION INDUSTRY
MATTEO NATALI
MARINE APPLICATIONS
ENGINES SALES
LNG1...
YESTERDAY
DIESEL
OIL PRICE
100$/BARREL
CRUDE OIL PRICE – 2006 TO 2014
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
U...
EMISSIONS RULES
ECA ZONES
EMISSION CONTROL AREAS
 ECA
 POSSIBLE FUTURE ECA
TODAY
DUAL FUEL
HIGH EFFICIENCY
LOW OPEX
ANNUAL GAS CONSUMPTION
HFO + SCR + SCRUBBER LNG
24% SAVINGS
77MW DFDE CRUISE SHIP, 7200 HRS/YEAR
LOW EMISSIONS
IMO TIER III
EMISSIONS – HFO ENGINE VS DF ENGINE
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
CO2 NOx SOx PARTICULATES
FIRST
OSV & LNGC
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
ACTIVE FLEET ORDERBOOK
NUMBEROF100K+CBMLNGC
DFDE 2S DIESEL 2S...
THEN
FERRY & TUG
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
IN OPERATION ON ORDER
LNGC ACTIVE FLEET AND OB
DNV GL 2015, LNG CARRIERS AND ...
NOW
ALL SHIPS
SAILING GAS FUELLED VESSELS
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
INDUSTRY LEADERS
WÄRTSILÄ
POWER PLANTS
350+ ENGINES | 4900+ MW | 75+ PLANTS
SPECIALS
60+ ENGINES
FERRIES - 9 SHIPS
TUGS - ...
TOMORROW
?
OIL FUTURE PRICE
UNCERTAIN
CRUDE OIL PRICE – 2014 TO 2016
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
2014 2015 2016 2017
USD/BARREL
IRAN SANCT...
OIL & GAS REFINERY
BYPRODUCTS
HYDROCARBON GAS LIQUID PRODUCTION
0,0
0,5
1,0
1,5
2,0
2,5
3,0
3,5
4,0
4,5
5,0
2012 2013 2014...
We believe in fuel flexibility
UPGRADE PACKAGE
MOVE TO DF NEW COMPONENTS
TURBOCHARGERS RE-MATCHING
PISTONS AND PISTON RINGS
AIR DRIVEN STARTING MOTORS
CY...
DF ENGINES
ETHANE SCOPE OF SUPPLY
2x 6L50DF
2x 6L20DF
SHAFT
SHAFT GENERATOR
TCH350 TWIN IN-SINGLE OUT GEARBOX
4E1540 CPP
C...
DIESEL ENGINES
METHANOL
STENA GERMANICA CONVERSION
CONVERSION SCOPE
4X 8ZAL40S ENGINES CONVERTED FOR METHANOL
(NEW CYLINDE...
FUEL SHARING AREA
FUEL SHARING
LOW MN GAS
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
0 20 40 60 80 100
FUELOIL/GASRATIO[%]
LOAD [%]
GAS REFORMER
APG, LPG,
NGL, VOC, …
GAS REFORMER PROCESS
Matteo Natali
Marine Applications, Engines Sales
Mobile: +39 340 883 1319
Mail: matteo.natali@wartsila.com
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Fuel Flexibility - The Next Challenge for the Power Generation Industry

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Exploring the different scenario's and economic implications of fuel flexibility in the power generation industry.

Published in: Engineering
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Fuel Flexibility - The Next Challenge for the Power Generation Industry

  1. 1. FUEL FLEXIBILITY THE NEXT CHALLENGE FOR THE POWER GENERATION INDUSTRY MATTEO NATALI MARINE APPLICATIONS ENGINES SALES LNG18 11-16 APRIL 2016 PERTH, AUSTRALIA
  2. 2. YESTERDAY DIESEL
  3. 3. OIL PRICE 100$/BARREL CRUDE OIL PRICE – 2006 TO 2014 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 USD/BARREL EIA SHORT TERM ENERGY OUTLOOK, MARCH 2016
  4. 4. EMISSIONS RULES ECA ZONES EMISSION CONTROL AREAS  ECA  POSSIBLE FUTURE ECA
  5. 5. TODAY DUAL FUEL
  6. 6. HIGH EFFICIENCY LOW OPEX ANNUAL GAS CONSUMPTION HFO + SCR + SCRUBBER LNG 24% SAVINGS 77MW DFDE CRUISE SHIP, 7200 HRS/YEAR
  7. 7. LOW EMISSIONS IMO TIER III EMISSIONS – HFO ENGINE VS DF ENGINE 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% CO2 NOx SOx PARTICULATES
  8. 8. FIRST OSV & LNGC 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% ACTIVE FLEET ORDERBOOK NUMBEROF100K+CBMLNGC DFDE 2S DIESEL 2S GAS STEAM TURBINE LNGC ACTIVE FLEET AND OB CLARKSONS JANUARY 2016
  9. 9. THEN FERRY & TUG 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 IN OPERATION ON ORDER LNGC ACTIVE FLEET AND OB DNV GL 2015, LNG CARRIERS AND IWW NOT INCLUDED
  10. 10. NOW ALL SHIPS SAILING GAS FUELLED VESSELS 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
  11. 11. INDUSTRY LEADERS WÄRTSILÄ POWER PLANTS 350+ ENGINES | 4900+ MW | 75+ PLANTS SPECIALS 60+ ENGINES FERRIES - 9 SHIPS TUGS - 6 SHIPS OTHER - 7 SHIPS RETROFITS 25+ ENGINES FPSO - 4 SHIPS RORO - 2 SHIPS OTHER - 3 SHIPS OFFSHORE 120+ ENGINES OSV - 31 SHIPS FPSO - 10 SHIPS OTHER - 3 SHIPS MERCHANT 850+ ENGINES LNGC - 200 SHIPS MULTIGAS - 8 SHIPS OTHER - 4 SHIPS 1400+ ENGINES 14 000 000+ RUNNING HOURS
  12. 12. TOMORROW ?
  13. 13. OIL FUTURE PRICE UNCERTAIN CRUDE OIL PRICE – 2014 TO 2016 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 2014 2015 2016 2017 USD/BARREL IRAN SANCTIONS ? GEO-POLITICAL SITUATION ? SUPPLY & DEMAND BALANCE ? GLOBAL GDP GROWTH ? US FRACKING ? ETC… EIA SHORT TERM ENERGY OUTLOOK, MARCH 2016
  14. 14. OIL & GAS REFINERY BYPRODUCTS HYDROCARBON GAS LIQUID PRODUCTION 0,0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 3,0 3,5 4,0 4,5 5,0 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 MILLIONBARRELSPERDAY ATNATURALGASPLANTSATREFINERIES BUTANES/BUTYLENES PROPANE/PROPYLENE ETHANE/ETYLENE NATURAL GASOLINE BUTANES PROPANE ETHANE EIA SHORT TERM ENERGY OUTLOOK, MARCH 2016
  15. 15. We believe in fuel flexibility
  16. 16. UPGRADE PACKAGE MOVE TO DF NEW COMPONENTS TURBOCHARGERS RE-MATCHING PISTONS AND PISTON RINGS AIR DRIVEN STARTING MOTORS CYLINDER HEAD AND LINERS EXHAUST GAS WASTEGATE CONNECTING RODS CAMSHAFT PIECES (MILLER) PILOT FUEL SYSTEM GAS FUEL SYSTEM ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM GAS VALVE UNIT DIESEL TO DF ENGINE CONVERSION
  17. 17. DF ENGINES ETHANE SCOPE OF SUPPLY 2x 6L50DF 2x 6L20DF SHAFT SHAFT GENERATOR TCH350 TWIN IN-SINGLE OUT GEARBOX 4E1540 CPP CARGO HANDLING PLANT FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM EVERGAS – 8x 27 500CBM MULTIGAS CARRIERS
  18. 18. DIESEL ENGINES METHANOL STENA GERMANICA CONVERSION CONVERSION SCOPE 4X 8ZAL40S ENGINES CONVERTED FOR METHANOL (NEW CYLINDER HEADS, INJECTORS, COMMON RAIL SYSTEM AND HP METHANOL PUMP WITH OIL UNIT DOUBLE WALLED HIGH PRESSURE FUEL PIPES BALLAST TANK CONVERTED TO METHANOL TANK HIGH PRESSURE PUMP ROOM TRANSFER PUMP ROOM DIESEL CYCLE SELECTED – PROS AND CONS  NO KNOCKING (DIESEL COMBUSTION)  LOW THC, CO AND FORMALDEHYDE  GOOD BACK-UP PERFORMANCE  NO POWER REDUCTION  GOOD LOAD ACCEPTANCE  COST EFFECTIVE  HFO PILOT FUEL  NOX HIGHER THAN DF  NOX DEPENDS ON PILOT FUEL FOR IGNITION
  19. 19. FUEL SHARING AREA FUEL SHARING LOW MN GAS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 20 40 60 80 100 FUELOIL/GASRATIO[%] LOAD [%]
  20. 20. GAS REFORMER APG, LPG, NGL, VOC, … GAS REFORMER PROCESS
  21. 21. Matteo Natali Marine Applications, Engines Sales Mobile: +39 340 883 1319 Mail: matteo.natali@wartsila.com

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