ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY 1Parts Of Speech : ADJECTIVES Prepared by: Md Khairul Zaman bin Md Yusof Muhammad Hussaini bin Hussin Wan Syafawati binti Rosdy Nafiisah binti Noh ( PISMP 1.05 / JAN 2012 ) Lecturer’s name : Madam Miziana @ Suhana bt Saboo
DEFINATION• A word that used to add something to the meaning of noun. (Sood,2009)• A word that describe the qualities of a noun or pronoun. (Swan,2008)
• Describe Nouns* Animals : I saw the fierce dogs in the street.* People : Ali is taller than Abu* Places : I put my books into the empty box• Things : My sister buy a new Swan colour- pencil Source: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/adjectives.htm
• Adjectives can be located by asking the questions: What kind? Which one? How many? How much?
Uses• Used in CONNECTION with a noun or pronoun to GIVE INFORMATION about the person, things or group referred to.• Example : NOUNS We found hardly any good places ADJECTIVES
Types of adjectives1. Describing adjectives / adjectives of quality are the most common. used to describe or tell us about the quality of a noun or pronoun. Examples: soft kind powerful poor2. Demonstrative adjectives / determiners Used to point out which noun is being spoken of. Examples: That boy is Samuel Those men are working These men are resting
3. Possesive adjectives Used to show possession. Examples: This is our house It is his bicycle The possessive adjectives are as follows: Singular Plural First person MY OUR Second person YOUR YOUR Third person HIS, HER, ITS THEIR
4. Number adjectives Indicate number or quantity Show how many persons or things are meant Examples: Six apples The second girl All men are mortal5. Indefinite adjectives / adjectives of quantity Also used to refer to number, BUT they do not tell us the exact number. Examples:i. There are many oranges in the basketii. There are some flowers in the vaseiii. A few people were left at the station
6. Interrogative adjectives 7. Distributive adjectives Used with NOUNS to Refer to each number ask questions Examples: Examples: i. Each member wasi. What topic is being given an award discussed ? ii. Every student mustii. Which hobby do you obey the rules have ? iii. Either dictionary williii. Whose pen is this ? do iv. Neither blame is true.
Comparison of adjectives• Used when there are more than one noun being discussed.• There are three degrees of comparison:1. POSITIVE: used to describe a single noun Example: An intelligent girl A good book
2. COMPARATIVE: used to compare two similar nouns (people or things) Usually add -er to the adjective, but for longer words we sometimes put more in front of the adjective. Examples: A more intelligent girl A better book3. SUPERLATIVE: used to compare more than two similar nouns It is formed by adding -est to the adjective or putting most in front of the adjectives. Examples: The most intelligent girl The best book
The order of adjectives in a series 1. Determiners 2. Observation 3. Size and shape 4. Age 5. Colour 6. Origin 7. Material 8. Qualifier