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Making of Cities - Place Leadership through multi-disciplinary teams

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This is a presentation we did at the Society for Architects, Planners, Surveyors and Engineers based in Cape Town, South Africa. The presentation to a diverse grouping showed the economic multiplier effects of investing upfront in quality design and management of urban development projects in cities characterised by informal settlements, urban grime and degraded natural environments. The presentation mostly contains images, and were presented in an interactive way.

Published in: Real Estate
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Making of Cities - Place Leadership through multi-disciplinary teams

  1. 1. Inter-disciplinary place leadership in our rapidly changing cities Cape Institute for Architecture 71 Hout Street, Cape Town 6 June 2018
  2. 2. Portland Congressman
  3. 3. Credit: cnu.org Clarence Perry (1929) Duany Plater-Zyberk (1994) Douglas Farr (2007)
  4. 4. Credit: Leon Krier
  5. 5. : Johnny
  6. 6. What are our policy makers saying? • SPLUMA: Compliant land-use legislation (LUMS) by 2020, Planning Tribunals, development principles inc. spatial justice • NDP: Cities are core economic drivers • IUDF: Spatial compaction and place- making reversing apartheid legacy • National Treasury: new planning instruments to guide infrastructure grants • SARS: UDZ and biodiversity incentives • Biodiversity: Stricter controls and penalties for non-compliance • Financial and Fiscal Commission: Urban sprawl is becoming fiscally unsustainable
  7. 7. Peter Ahmad, CCT, presentation to WCPDF Conference
  8. 8. Peter Ahmad, CCT, presentation to WCPDF Conference http://www.wcpdf.co.za/2018-conference-downloads/
  9. 9. Vanessa Watson’s book Change and continuity in spatial planning: metropolitan planning in Cape Town under polit transition (2002)The Council adopted a spatial structure, which informs land use allocations, characterised by four ‘structuring elements’: • fixed urban edge, • demarcation of open space, • economic centres as ‘nodes’, and • transport ‘corridors’ promoted for densification connecting the nodes Did this change the outcome of our cities? Is the language alienating?
  10. 10. Davies’ (1960) land use study confirmed the “potentials of Voortrekker Road as a ‘business ribbon’ to support north-south arterials [... since] virtually all shopping and service activity is located along the main artery [Voortrekker Road] in a classic business ribbon. American techniques in urban land-use analysis can continue to be profitably employed in this country, for the underlying principles seem essentially similar. The key lies in the ribbon itself!”
  11. 11. “If we can’t run our cities in ways that are efficient, include people in decision-making, treat people fairly and drive economic growth, then our economies cannot grow.” Dr. Stephen Berrisford, UCT and Pegasys
  12. 12. Why do we need ‘place leadership’ ? Society for Architects, Planners, Engineers and Surveyors (APES) have a track record dating back to the 70s of pragmatism in the built environment. How do we start to grapple with the new realities / uncertainties presented by our growth and development trajectories?
  13. 13. David Adams University of
  14. 14. • The built environment has value, but not everything can be measured in terms of yields, return and rents. • Value to the everyday user of urban space is different from that of an investor. • The lack of data has perpetuated urban design suspiciously viewed as an optional extra, with additional costs and limited benefits. • To be widely accepted and effective, a new narrative of this kind of urbanism needs to rest on a credible evidence base. • Rigorous and uncontroversial research methodologies have emerged to provide evidence of cost-benefit considerations. • And we the imperatives of sustainability and resilience are opportunities to build better neighborhoods, more dignified living environments, and create opportunity. Why is there interest to quantify the benefits of ‘good’ design?
  15. 15. REASONS • Market failures • Externalities • Lack of foresight • Lack of co-ordination and communication • Moral hazards • Lack of appropriate skills • Failure to balance time, cost and quality What are the impacts of ‘bad’ urban design? Building for Life criteria, UK Design Council IMPACTS • Shorter building life cycles • high insurance, management, maintenance and operating costs • Higher vacancies • Less desirable places • High environmental impacts • crime and anti-social behaviour • face higher end of life demolition costs
  16. 16. Value of Urban Design (2001) Urban Task Force (1999) Urban White Paper (2000) CABE & DETR (2001) Urban Design in Australia (1994) Report by the Prime Minister's Urban Design Task Force. An assessment and recommendations, but no valuation. Urban Design Protocol (2005) Ministry for the Environment Charter approach and localisation Assessing the Return on Investment (RoI) in Complete Streets (2017) RoI valuations commissioned
  17. 17. The opposite [of higher cost] can be true. By and large, the design fee component of chosen projects does not vary greatly from general industry standards. And, judging from the information available to us there is little evidence that better design takes longer to produce, in the sense of delaying the time required for good general development planning and project preparation.
  18. 18. Credit: Boston Complete Streets Guid
  19. 19. Credit: Designing Streets, Scottish Gover
  20. 20. Credit: Designing Streets, Scottish Gover
  21. 21. Credit: 8-80 Cities
  22. 22. Aging London Mayor’s Design Advisory Group
  23. 23. Credit: unknown
  24. 24. Credit: http://www.todschneider.com/
  25. 25. CRC for Water Sensitive Cities
  26. 26. Sustainable Livelihoods Foundation & Urban Works http://www.emergentcity.co.za
  27. 27. Sidewalk: The most important business space is the sidewalk, where most business and a considerable element of social interaction takes place. Sustainable Livelihoods Foundation & Urban Wor http://www.emergentcity.co.za
  28. 28. • In all assessments, enforceable policy frameworks supported good urban design in site plans and development applications • Yields of 10-15% more in well designed neighborhoods vs. conventional single use products • Majority of studies found that better design pays off in terms of land optimisation, connectivity, transport, and proximity to amenities • Lower operational costs associated with security and insurance, urban management, and crime prevention • Quantifiable environmental benefits of green star buildings, lower emissions, air quality, energy use, material waste, and water use. • Social desirability in terms of of quality of life, social inclusiveness and wellbeing, increased vitality and safety, conviviality in public spaces Recapping: Place making means business
  29. 29. How do we see APES in the light of a place-leadership role?

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