Part 4: Making Peace• Your goal: Understand how the end of World War I made World War II possible.
4 Making Peace TERMS & NAMES Overview • Woodrow Wilson • Fourteen PointsMAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW • self-determinationAfter winning the war, Hard feelings left by the • Treaty of Versaillesthe Allies dictated a peace settlement helpedharsh peace cause World War II. • League of Nationssettlement that leftmany nations feelingbetrayed. Assessment
4 Making Peace Treaty of Versailles •Blames Germany for everything. •Ignores Wilson’s Fourteen Points, •Creates new nations in Europe, •Is rejected by the United States Senate.
4 Making Peace 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the effects of World War I. Millions of lives lost $338 billion cost Effects of WWI Land, towns, and Widespread villages destroyed disillusionment
4 Making Peace 2. Do you think the peace settlements at Versailles were fair? Why or why not? Consider the warring and nonwarring nations affected. THINK ABOUT • Germany’s punishment • the creation of new nations • the mandate system ANSWER Possible Fair: Germany was punished for its aggression, Responses: and numerous independence claims were addressed through the creation of new nations. Unfair: Germany was too harshly punished, and colonial peoples did not get their independence.