CHAPTER13 The Great War, 1914–1918 Chapter Overview 1 Causes of War 2 War 3 Effects of War 4 Making Peace
Part 1:Causes of War• Your goal: Understand what caused World War I.
The Stage Is Set for War Some Europeans believed that progress had made war a thing of the past. Not me.Waging war isSO over. People sitWho would do down andthat anymore? talk with their enemies now. It’s much less messy.
Gradual developments wouldultimately help propel the continentinto war. Nationalism Imperialis m Militarism
All of these developments influence a nation’s foreignpolicy.Foreign Policy is what you want fromanother country and what you are willing todo to get it.
Sense of what makes a German a German, aRussian a Russian, etc.Loyalty to your country (not the leader)Competition NationalismUnificationSelf-rulePride
How could nationalism lead a country towar against another country?
Always be ready for warGlorify military powerGet more soldiersGet more guns Militarism
How could militarism lead a country towar against another country?
Expand from country toempire.Buy and sell with yourempire.Take control of weakercountries. Imperialis mDominate the social, politicaland economic life of those
Imperialism COMPETITION •For resources •For power •For pride
How could imperialism lead a country towar against another country?
1871 AlliancesBismarck is ready for peace.He is afraid that France will wantrevenge for losing the Franco-Prussian war. His method changes from WAR to ALLIANCE.
Bismarck forms Alliancesalliances witheveryone butFrance.If France goes towar, Germany will beprotected.
Hmph. I can do it 1890 myself! •Stubborn German Kaiser Wilhelm II fires Bismarck.•Germany’s treaty with Russia expires. •Effect: Russia signs Treaty with France•Wilhelm II Builds massive Navy. (militarism) •Effect: Nervous Britain signs treaty with France.
World War I The Short Version1. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia2. Russia and other countries supported Serbia. (The Allies)3. Germany and other countries supported Austria-Hungary. (The Central Powers)4. The Central Powers lost.5. Germany was blamed for the whole
Archduke Franz Ferdinand• Important guy from Austria-Hungary• July 1914- visiting Sarajevo with his wife. – Wants to show the citizens that Austria- Don’t Hungary rules them. take note – Asserting Hapsburg authority. s. Just listen .
Archduke Franz FerdinandFrom Austria-HungaryJuly 1914Visiting Sarajevo in Serbia
Stop. Think. What about nationalism?• What kind of problems can you see with Austria-Hungary ruling over these different ethnic populations? Don’t take note s. Just listen .
The Assassination• Black Hand members – Serbian nationalists – Ready to assassinate Franz Ferdinand• Assassin #1 throws a bomb. – Fails• Assassin #2 shoots Franz Ferdinand – Success
HOMECHAPTER13 The Great War, 1914–1918 Time Line of WWI 1914 (June) Archduke Franz 1916 (Feb.) French and 1918 (Nov.) Allies defeat Ferdinand assassinated. (July) German battle at Central Powers; war Austria declares war on Serbia; World Verdun. ends. War I begins.1914 1918 1915 (Jan.) Trench warfare 1917 (April) United underway on Western Front. States enters war.
HOME1 The Stage Is Set for War Review events leading to war. 1. Nationalism unifies countries. 2. Nationalism leads to commercial and territorial rivalries. 3. Triple Alliance joins Central Powers 4. Triple Entente joins Allies 5. An assassination causes war to break out.
1 The Stage Is Set for WarMAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOWIn Europe, military Ethnic conflict in thebuildup, nationalistic region, helped start WWIfeelings, and rival continued to erupt in thealliances set the 1990s.stage for acontinental war.
HOME 1 The Stage Is Set for War Section 1 Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the major events that led to World War I.1882 1890s 1908Triple Alliance European Austria annexedformed. arms race Bosnia and Herzegovina. 1890 1907 1914 German foreign Triple Entente Archduke Franz policy changed. formed. Ferdinand and wife killed.
BOOSomething was bound to happen… M! Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand June 28, 1914 •Militarism militarism •Nationalism Nationalism imperialism •Imperialism
HOME1 The Stage Is Set for War Section 1 Assessment 2. Why might the “machinery of war,” set in motion by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, have been difficult to stop? THINK ABOUT • nationalism • militarism • the alliance system ANSWER Possible • Intense nationalism prompted nations to compete Responses: for superiority in all areas. • Militarism had led to the establishment of large armies, as well as to the glorification of military might. • The alliance system required its members to End of Section 1
Part 2: War• Your goal: Understand the strategies and actions of World War I.