Suffering depends on perspective. Mom is so mean. She took the TV out of my bedroom That’sand I don’t even have an iPod that plays movies. suffering!
Suffering can be Sufferingmeasuredon a spectrum.• Color Spectrum:
Suffering can be Suffering measured on a spectrum. • Suffering Spectrum:More Suffering Less Suffering Mow your Not a Genocide Slavery Homeless own lawn billionaire
Do we really want to Sufferingend all suffering?
Why do we Sufferingstudy suffering?• In order to reduce the suffering in the world, we must understand WHY suffering happens.• If weunderstandWHY, maybewe can find abetter way.
Part 1: Human Rights• Your goal: Be able to describe human rights and the origins of these ideals.
What are Human Rights?• Human rights are basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, race, religion, language, or other status.
What are Human Rights?• Civil rights, political rights,• Social, economic• Life, liberty• Freedom of expression• Right to food, right to work,• Right to education
Origins of Human Rights• Where did the idea come from? – Religion – Enlightenment
Religious Influence• Judaism• Jewish law taught morality – Fight injustice – Fight oppression – Help the less fortunate
Religious Influence• Christianity• Jesus taught acceptance – Fight inequality – Fight slavery
Religious Influence• Islam• Mohammed taught individual worth – Individuals are valuable – People should be tolerant of different groups
Enlightenment• mid-1700s• Period of new ideas about science and art and government.
Enlightenment ThinkersJohn Locke• All people are born free and equal• Natural rights – Life – Liberty – Property
Enlightenment ThinkersVoltaire• Tolerance of others• Freedom of religion• Freedom of speech
Rights-Based Documents• Magna Carta (England) – Right to due process of law• English Bill of Rights (England) – Freedom of speech• Declaration of Independence (USA) – Life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
Rights-Based Documents• US Bill of Rights (USA) – Freedom of speech, assembly, press and religion• Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (France) – Equality, liberty, property, security, no oppression