Critical concepts


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  • Critical concepts

    1. 1. CRITICALCONCEPTSThese are the tools you will need to understand thisentire class.
    2. 2. CRITICAL CONCEPTS UNIT Nationalism Government Your goal: Economy Learn the definitions Religion of these concepts Geography and use them effectively when talking about world history.
    3. 3. NATIONALISM Love your country (nation). Do you love it more than ____ ?Basic definition: The belief that people should be loyal to their nation.
    4. 4. NATIONALISM IS A COMPLEX CONCEPT. How do you define your nationality?  What makes an American an American? What do you want for your nation?  What would you do to make it happen? Nationalism is NOT loyalty to a government.  Why not?
    5. 5. GOVERNMENT What is government? What does government do for us?  Do we need it? What different types of government are there?
    6. 6. CATEGORIES Think about how you would put the following governments into categories.
    7. 7. AUTOCRACY a form of government in which one person possesses unlimited power.
    8. 8. MONARCHY Nation is ruled by a king or queen Royal family  Princes, Princesses  Bloodlines William and Kate
    9. 9. DICTATORSHIP You do what I say, and I don’t have to care what you think. Basically the same as autocracy: a form of government in which one person possesses unlimited power. That one person is the dictator.
    10. 10. OLIGARCHY Nation ruled by a small GrOup of individuals.
    11. 11. TOTALITARIANISM Total Control A single person in charge has no limits
    12. 12. FASCISM Everything for Your Nation War Is Power Totalitarian One Political Party
    13. 13. DEMOCRACY Everybody Votes Athens Perfect Democracy? Direct Democracy
    14. 14. REPUBLIC Voting Representatives Established laws The citizens have control.
    15. 15. SOCIALISM/COMMUNISM Government & Economic SystemThe idea: Everyone has a right to something. No one can get rich while another person starves.How it actually usually works: One party takes control. One party gets privileges and power. The rest of the country suffers in poverty.
    16. 16. THEOCRACY God is the nation’s leader.  The religious leaders are in control of the nation. Vatican City  Pope Afganistan  Taliban
    17. 17. FEUDALISM Everyone has power (except peasants) Middle Ages Social Rank $$
    18. 18. ECONOMY What is an economy?  The system of making and using money and resources. Does it matter what kind of economy your country has?
    19. 19. COMMAND Lots of government control. Government tells you everything about how to run your business. How much stuff to make How to make stuff What prices to sell stuff for How much people get paid
    20. 20. Type ofEconomy Who makes decisions about Production? Prices? Ownership?Command The The All land andEconomy government government resources are plans how controls all the owned by the products are prices. government. created Consumers produced. have a small selection of goods and services to buy.
    21. 21. MARKET/CAPITALISM You could get rich or you could go broke. Less government control
    22. 22. Type ofEconomy Who makes decisions about Production? Prices? Ownership?Market Production is Prices are People are freeEconomy based on determined by to buy or sellCapitalism market supply and land, resources demand demand in the and property. among market. Consumers consumers. have a large Don’t produce selection of it if no one goods and wants it. services to buy.
    23. 23. TRADITIONAL/ BARTER Trade I’ll trade you my white pig for your gray one.
    24. 24. Type ofEconomy Who makes decisions about Production? Prices? Ownership?Traditional The community Prices may not The communityBarter produces its apply. People may or may notEconomy own goods trade things. recognize based on Barter. They private traditional may not need ownership of methods. markets land and outside the natural community. resources; generally, goods are owned by the community.
    25. 25. MERCANTILISM A belief that a nation’s power comes from its wealth. Do you agree? The strategy:  Keep the wealth at home (in your nation).  Sell more than you buy.
    26. 26. IMPERIALISM Empire – Imperialism A strong nation dominates other countries politically, economically or socially.
    27. 27. IMPERIALISM  Colonialism A place governed internally by a foreign nation.  Sphere of Influence A place where a foreign nation claims exclusive privileges.  Economic Imperialism A place where private businesses have control.
    28. 28. RELIGION What is religion? Why is religion important in studying history? How does religion influence our values? and our culture?
    29. 29. TOP FIVE RELIGIONSWhat are the top five religions in the world?1. Christianity2. Islam3. Hinduism4. Buddhism5. Judaism
    30. 30. CHRISTIANITY One god Abraham Isaac Jesus
    31. 31. ABRAHAM
    32. 32. THREE RELIGIONS Islam: Descendents of Ishmael will be a great nation. Judaism: Descendents of Jacob will be a great nation. Christianity: Judaism plus Jesus
    33. 33. FAMILY TREE OF RELIGION Abraham Ishmael Isaac Jacob Jews Jesus Muslims Christians
    34. 34. ISLAM One god Abraham Ishmael Mohammed Muslims
    35. 35. HINDUISM lots of gods
    36. 36. BUDDHISM spiritual leader
    37. 37. JUDAISM One god Abraham Jews
    38. 38. ANIMISM a belief in spirits animals, trees, rocks are important
    39. 39. GEOGRAPHY What Is Geography? Why is geography important to a country?
    40. 40. 5 THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY1. Location2. Place3. Human-Environmental Interactions4. Movement5. Regions
    41. 41. LOCATION Relative Location  North of …  South of …  In between … and …. Absolute Location  EXACTLY where. Written as:  21°N 158°W
    42. 42. PLACE Human Characteristics Physical Characteristics
    43. 43. HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTIONS Humans adapt to the environment. Humans modify the environment. Humans depend on the environment.
    44. 44. MOVEMENT People Goods Ideas
    45. 45. REGIONS Formal Functional Perceptual
    46. 46. CONTINENTS Asia Africa Europe Australia Antarctica South America North America
    47. 47. OCEANS & SEAS North Atlantic Ocean North Pacific Ocean South Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Mediterranean Sea Baltic Sea
    48. 48. THE COMPASS ROSE What are the points of the compass?
    49. 49. REGIONS Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere Tropic of Cancer Equator This is an entire sphere.
    50. 50. THE GLOBAL GRIDThe Earth is divided by latitude and longitude lines. There areseveral important lines to know on the earths surface: #1 is the ARCTIC CIRCLE found at 66 ½ o NORTH of the Equator #2 is the TROPIC OF CANCER found at 23 ½ o NORTH of the Equator #3 is the EQUATOR which splits the earth into two hemispheres at 0o Latitude #4 is the TROPIC OF CAPRICORN found 23 ½ o SOUTH of the Equator. #5 is the ANTARCTIC CIRCLE 6 #6 is the PRIME MERIDIAN which runs north to south at 0o LONGITUDE
    51. 51. WHY GEOGRAPHY MATTERS: 90% of the world lives north of the equator. Most of the world’s dry land is north of the equator. The area between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer is temperate. It has seasons. (Good for agriculture)
    52. 52. WEATHER ZONES Polar  Too cold Tropical  Too hot Temperate  Just right How might weather conditions be helpful to a country?
    53. 53. NATURAL RESOURCES Coal Iron Water Oil Diamonds Coltan What can a country do if it doesn’t have the resources it needs?
    54. 54. SETTLEMENT PATTERNS Where do people want to be? What would make people move? Migration: Moving Immigration: Moving INTO a country. Emigration: Moving OUT of a country.