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IFSA 2013 ON TAKAFUL AND RETAKAFUL

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BY ZALEHA ZAIN.

ISLAMIC FINANCIAL SERVICE ACT 2013 (IFSA 2013)
CRITICISM AND ITS IMPACTS.

The IFSA 2013 or Islamic Financial Service Act 2013 came into effect on 31 June 2013 after it was approved by a Parliament. Basically The it repeals the Islamic Banking Act 1983 (BAFIA) and the Takaful Act 1984 (TA) and combines the Islamic financial and takaful services under the aforementioned acts in a similar fashion. Means that those two Acts are no longer use nowadays.

FEATURES OF IFSA 2013:
to focus on Shari’ah compliance and governance in the Islamic financial sector.
To provides for a comprehensive legal framework that is fully consistent with Shari’ah in all aspects of regulation and supervision, from licensing to the winding up of an institution.
Promoting financial stability and protect the rights and interests of consumers of financial services and products based on Shari’ah compliance.


Published in: Economy & Finance, Business

IFSA 2013 ON TAKAFUL AND RETAKAFUL

  1. 1.  The IFSA 2013 or Islamic Financial Service Act 2013 came into effect on 31 June 2013 after it was approved by a Parliament. Basically The it repeals the Islamic Banking Act 1983 (BAFIA) and the Takaful Act 1984 (TA) and combines the Islamic financial and takaful services under the aforementioned acts in a similar fashion. Means that those two Acts are no longer use nowadays.
  2. 2. to focus on Shari’ah compliance and governance in the Islamic financial sector.  To provides for a comprehensive legal framework that is fully consistent with Shari’ah in all aspects of regulation and supervision, from licensing to the winding up of an institution.  Promoting financial stability and protect the rights and interests of consumers of financial services and products based on Shari’ah compliance. 
  3. 3. > has REGULATORY and SUPERVISORY oversight power under IFSA 2013. Giving that BNM has power to fulfill its broad mandate within a more complex and interconnected environment together with the regional and international nature of financial developments.
  4. 4.  an increased focus on preemptive measures to address issues of concern within financial institutions that may affect the interests of depositors and policyholders, and the effective and efficient functioning of financial intermediation.
  5. 5.  Power to safeguard financial stability power to specify standards on Shari’ah matters, transparent assessment criteria for authorizing institutions to carry on regulated financial business, and for shareholder suitability
  6. 6. IMPACT OF IFSA 2013 ON TAKAFUL AND RETAKAFUL
  7. 7.  The IFSA requires a Takaful operator (other than a professional reTakaful operator) with a composite license to separate its Family business from its General Takaful business. The firm is given a grace period of 5 years to split its business into separate entities. The intention of the regulator is to expand the growth of General Takaful business. Most of the composite Takaful operators are currently focusing on Family Takaful and the growth on the General side is lagging behind. As a result of this, several existing composite operators may consider giving up their General license and new players will enter the market. However, the question arise whether this will really lead to an increase growth on the General side? Takaful operators currently write little commercial and industrial risks, and it is expected that some of the new players may focus on such business.
  8. 8.  The IFSA 2013 requires Takaful operators to be established as public companies. However, given the nature of mutual assistance in Takaful, it will be more appropriate for the firm to be set up as cooperatives or mutuals. By being a public company, Takaful firms will become a wholly commercial venture. Whilst this is not prohibited under Shariah, it will be better if the Takaful companies have also the option to set themselves up as co-operatives or mutuals.
  9. 9.  IFSA 2013 has incorporated stricter Shariah requirements as they are the foundation of Takaful. At the same time, these requirements will add more strain on Takaful and reTakaful operators. All the efforts in ensuring Shariah compliance increase the firm’s operational costs. Thus, in principle, Takaful and reTakaful firm should be able to charge higher prices than their conventional counterparts. However, in reality this is often not possible, and by this, it makes it more difficult for the firms to achieve the same returns as conventional insurers.
  10. 10.  The IFSA has also implemented additional prudential requirements on Takaful operators with regards to maintenance of various funds, assets and risk management among others. It also makes the provision of Qard (interest-free loan) compulsory in case of a deficit in the risk fund. This is important to Takaful and reTakaful operators because it has an effect on their reserves requirements. In principle, Takaful is meant to be a program of mutual assistance between participants. With the requirement of a compulsory Qard, Takaful becomes a risk transfer mechanism between participants and operators just like conventional insurance
  11. 11. THANK YOU

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