Rockets, space program, space shuttle,


Published on

present ของอ.วอ

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rockets, space program, space shuttle,

  2. 2. MEMBERSPantira Thamasuttikul 3/11 #2Chonikarn Jaisai 3/11 #4Nitsiri Anamwathana 3/11 #7Naraporn Supmonchai 3/11 #21Natcha Chalomevisetpol 3/11 #25Salisa Jittrapinate 3/11 #37
  3. 3. The Waiting page
  4. 4. OUTLINERocketsSpace ProgramSpace ShuttleSatelliteSpace ProbeSpace TechnologySpace Technology in Thailand
  5. 5. ROCKETA rocket is a missile, spacecraft, aircraftor other vehicle which obtains thrust froma rocket engine. The exhaust is formedentirely from propellants. Rocket engineswork by action and reaction.
  6. 6. ROCKET Rockets are very lightweight and powerful, capable ofgenerating large accelerations and of attaining extremely highspeeds with reasonable efficiency, and are not reliant on theatmosphere, and so work very well in space.
  7. 7. ROCKET Rockets for military and recreational uses date back to at least 13th century China.When rocketry was the enabling technology of the Space Age in the 20th cencury. Rockets are now used for other reasons.
  8. 8. ROCKETChemical rockets are the most common typeof rocket and they typically create theirexhaust by the combustion of rocketpropellant. Chemical rockets can be verydangerous. However, careful design minimizesrisks.
  9. 9. SPACE PROGRAMS Space exploration is the discovery and exploration of outerspace by means of space technology. While the observation of objects in space was the development of large efficient rockets during the early 20th century that allowed physical space exploration to become a reality
  10. 10. SPACE PROGRAMSAfter the first 20 years of exploration, focus shifted from one-off flights to renewable hardware, such as the Space Shuttle program, and from competition to cooperation as with the International Space Station.
  11. 11. SPACE PROGRAMS Space Shuttle program NASAs Space Shuttle program, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), was the United States governments manned launch vehicle program from 1981 to 2011.
  12. 12. SPACE PROGRAMS The winged Space Shuttle orbiter was launched vertically carrying four to seven astronauts and up to 50,000 lb of payload into low Earth orbit.
  13. 13. SPACE PROGRAMS When its mission was complete, the shuttle could independently move itself out of orbit using its Maneuvering System and re-enter the Earths atmosphere with descent landing
  14. 14. SPACE PROGRAMS Soviet space programThe Soviet space program isthe rocketry and space exploration programsconducted by the former Union of Soviet SocialistRepublics from the 1930s until its dissolution in1991.
  15. 15. SPACE PROGRAMS Over its sixty-year history, this primarily classified military program was responsible for a number of pioneering accomplishments in space flight, including the first intercontinental great accomplishments.
  16. 16. SPACE SHUTTLE The space shuttle is a spacecraft designed fortransporting people and cargo to and from orbit aroundEarth. NASA built the shuttle in the 1970’s to serve as a reusable rocket that could fly many missions. Past spacecrafts could only be used one time.
  18. 18. After 10 years ofpreparing Columbia, the first space shuttle was launched on April 12, 1981. Now four space shuttles are in use— 1.Columbia (1981), 2.Discovery (1983), 3.Atlantis (1985), and 4.Endeavour (1991), which replaced Challenger.
  19. 19. SPACE SHUTTLE Important Missions Two of the most important missions for a space shuttle are to carry satellites and other equipment into space and repair them there if necessary and to allow astronauts to conduct space experiments for studying weightlessness called "microgravity."
  20. 20. SATELLITE Satellite is an object which has been placed into orbit by human endeavour. Such objects aresometimes called artificial satellites to distinguish them from natural satellites such as the Moon.
  21. 21. SATELLITEAfter the worlds first artificial satellite, the Sputnik 1 was launched, thousands of satellites have been launched into orbit around the Earth; also some satellites have been launched and assembled in orbit. A few hundred satellites are currently operational.
  22. 22. SATELLITE A few space probes have been placed into orbit around other bodies and become artificial satellites to the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the Sun.
  23. 23. SATELLITE
  24. 24. SATELLITE Satellite orbits vary greatly, depending on the purpose of the satellite, and are classified in a number of ways. Well-known (overlapping) classes include low Earth orbit, polar orbit, and geostationary orbit.
  25. 25. SATELLITE Satellites are usually semi-independent computer-controlled systems. Satellite subsystems attend many tasks, such as power generation, thermal control, telemetry, attitude control and orbit control.
  26. 26. SATELLITE Satellites are used for a large number of purposes. Common types include• Military and civilian Earth observation satellites• Communications satellites• Navigation satellites• Weather satellites• Research satellites• Space stations and human
  27. 27. SPACE PROBE space probe, space vehicle carryingsophisticated instrumentation but no crew, designed to explore various aspects of the solar system.
  28. 28. SPACE PROBE A space probe is launched with enough energyto escape the gravitational field of the earth andnavigate among the planets. Radio-transmittedcommands and on-board computers provide themeans for midcourse corrections in the spaceprobes trajectory.
  29. 29. SPACE PROBE Radio contact provides a channel for transmitting data. Space probes also carries various space instruments.
  30. 30. SPACE PROBE A probe may be directed to do many missions. The particulars of trajectory and instrumentation of each space probe are tailored around the missions scientific and technological objectives.
  31. 31. SPACE PROBE The earliest space probes in the U.S. spaceprogram were the Mariner series and the Pioneerseries. And many more space probes were sent outexploring the Solar System for means of life andmapping.
  32. 32. Some notable probes Lunokhod 1Luna 16 First rover on Moon. First unmanned robotic sample return probe from the Moon.
  33. 33. Venera 3Mariner 10 Probe from the Soviet Union was the first man- made spacecraft to impactFirst probe to on another planet (Venus). Mercury.
  34. 34. Mariner 9 Upon its arrival at Mars on November 13, 1971, Mariner 9Venera 7 became the first space probe to maintain orbit around another planet. The Venera 7 probe was the first man- made spacecraft to successfully soft landing on another planet (Venus) and to transmit data from there back to Earth.
  35. 35. Mars 3 First soft landing on Mars.SojournerFirst successfulrover on Mars.
  36. 36. SPACE TECHNOLOGYSpace technology is technology thatis related to entering, and retrievingobjects or life forms from space.
  37. 37. "Every day" technologies critically rely on space infrastructure. Of sciences astronomy and Earth sciences most notably benefit from space technology.
  38. 38. Computers and telemetry were once leading edge technologies that might have beenconsidered "space technology" because of their criticality to boosters and spacecraft.
  39. 39. Space requires new techniques and knowledge.New technologies originating with or accelerated byspace-related endeavors are often subsequentlyexploited in other economic activities.
  40. 40. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILAND As one of Asia’s leading commercial satellitecompany, THAICOM Plc. has conceived anddeveloped a new generation of broadbandsatellite that would serve the demand for high-speed broadband Internet access in the future.
  41. 41. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILAND THAICOM developed IPSTAR technology to increase system capacity and efficiency such that the cost of service would be considerably lower than that currently provided by conventional satellites.
  42. 42. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILAND THAICOM 4 is the first of the new generation of broadband satellites that acts both as an Internet backbone connection to fiber optic cables for ISPs and as a last-mile broadband Internet service to consumers, competing with cable modem and ADSL.
  43. 43. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILANDTHAICOM 4 satellite is one of the largestcommunications satellites ever built. THAICOM 4 isalso the first broadband satellite in the world.
  44. 44. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILANDSpecificationsDesign LS-1300 SXManufacturer Space Systems/Loral (Palo Alto, USA)Power System At least 14,400 Watts at the endLaunch Weight 6,505 Kg. Ku Beams 84 Spot beams 3 Shaped beams 7 RegionalBeams Broadcast beams 45 Gbps Equivalent to 1,000+ Transponders of 36 MHz ofTransponder Capacity conventional coding and modulationSatellite Location 119.5 degrees EastLaunch Agency Arianespace of FranceLaunch Date August 11, 2005
  45. 45. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILAND Direct-to-Home(DTH)Service Thaicom offers a digital signal compression and transmission services via satellite directly to residential customers. Digital video compression technology can reduce video transmission costs to the broadcasters.
  46. 46. SPACE TECHNOLOGY IN THAILAND Thaicom’s services enable its customers to provide various content and channel options to their viewers, including service tiering and packaging, pay-per-view and many more packages.
  47. 47. CONCLUSIONRockets:A rocket is a lightweight and powerful space vehicle which works by action and reaction, pushing the rocket forwards. Rockets are first made in the 13th century in China for industrial use. Until the 20th century, rockets are used for space exploration.
  48. 48. Space program:Space programs are space exploration plans for exploring outer space. The U.S.s Space Shuttle program or the STS completed several missions making a space shuttle orbit around the earth manually.The Soviet space program leaded by the Soviet Socialist Republics from the 1930s until its dissolve was responsible for many space flight accomplishments.
  49. 49. Space Shuttles:Space Shuttles are space craft designed by NASA in the 1970s for transporting people and cargo like satellites and equipment into space to repair.
  50. 50. Satellite:Satellites are used in many fields and affect a lot in globalization. The duty of satellite is for observing unreached areas, communicating, navigating, researching, as well as weather predicting.
  51. 51. Space probes: Space probes are space vehicle carrying sophisticated instrumentation but with no crew, designed to explore various aspects of the solar system with no energy, letting it be caught by another designated planet. Using radio-transmission to contact and send data to the station on earth. The earliest ones were made by the U.S. to explore the inner planets and mapping of the solar system.
  52. 52. Space technology:Space technology is technology that is related to entering, and retrieving objects or life forms from space. Many of the every day technologies rely on space technology.
  53. 53. Space technology in Thailand :One of the most known space technology in Thailand is the Thaicom Plc. Satellite. The IPSTAR technology increases system capacity and efficiency and lowing the cost. THAICOM 4 is the first of the new generation of broadband satellites.
  54. 54. The Direct-to-Home(DTH)Service that Thaicom offers, gives a digital signal compression and transmission services via satellite directly to residential customers.
  55. 55. QUESTIONS ?
  57. 57. REFERENCE