1010 f11 9-27

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Classical music from India

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  • 1010 f11 9-27

    1. 1. Classical Music in India
    2. 2. North India
    3. 3. Sitar
    4. 4. Tabla
    5. 5. Tanpura
    6. 6. Ravi Shankar (b. 1920)
    7. 7. http://youtu.be/4gWCiLexilY
    8. 8. What is the mainmelodic instrument inNorth Indian Classical Music?• 1) Sitar• 2) Tabla• 3) Tanpura
    9. 9. North Indian Raga
    10. 10. North Indian Raga• Alap -- introductory, free
    11. 11. North Indian Raga• Alap -- introductory, free• Jar -- rhythmic, still introductory
    12. 12. North Indian Raga• Alap -- introductory, free• Jar -- rhythmic, still introductory• Gat -- the “tune”
    13. 13. North Indian Raga• Alap -- introductory, free• Jar -- rhythmic, still introductory• Gat -- the “tune”• Tora -- Improvisations between Gat statements
    14. 14. MML Website for listening guide
    15. 15. T/F: All portions of a raga are composed beforehand.• 1) True• 2) False
    16. 16. http://youtu.be/-KXk_8_8oLY
    17. 17. South India
    18. 18. Veena
    19. 19. Mridangam
    20. 20. Kriti “Sarasiruha”• Kriti = composition• Sarasiruha = “to the goddess Saraswati” • goddess of music and learning• Music & lyrics by 19th c. composer Pulaiyur Doraisamy Ayyar
    21. 21. Kriti “Sarasiruha”• Kriti = composition• Sarasiruha = “to the goddess Saraswati” • goddess of music and learning• Music & lyrics by 19th c. composer Pulaiyur Doraisamy Ayyar
    22. 22. Kriti “Sarasiruha”• Kriti = composition• Sarasiruha = “to the goddess Saraswati” • goddess of music and learning• Music & lyrics by 19th c. composer Pulaiyur Doraisamy Ayyar
    23. 23. • Alapana• Tanam• Kriti (8 minutes in!)• Kalpana• Tani avartanam• Kriti return and close
    24. 24. What is the Southernequivalent of the Gat?• 1) Alapana• 2) Kriti• 3) Tanam
    25. 25. Alapana• improvisation• melodic characteristics of Natai raga• slow, low register to faster, high register• At peak, descends to conclusion
    26. 26. Alapana• improvisation• melodic characteristics of Natai raga• slow, low register to faster, high register• At peak, descends to conclusion
    27. 27. Alapana• improvisation• melodic characteristics of Natai raga• slow, low register to faster, high register• At peak, descends to conclusion
    28. 28. Alapana• improvisation• melodic characteristics of Natai raga• slow, low register to faster, high register• At peak, descends to conclusion
    29. 29. Alapana• improvisation• melodic characteristics of Natai raga• slow, low register to faster, high register• At peak, descends to conclusion
    30. 30. Tanam• Improvisation• Rhythmic exposition of raga • irregular but strong beat• Low to High to Low
    31. 31. Tanam• Improvisation• Rhythmic exposition of raga • irregular but strong beat• Low to High to Low
    32. 32. Tanam• Improvisation• Rhythmic exposition of raga • irregular but strong beat• Low to High to Low
    33. 33. Tanam• Improvisation• Rhythmic exposition of raga • irregular but strong beat• Low to High to Low
    34. 34. Tanam• Improvisation• Rhythmic exposition of raga • irregular but strong beat• Low to High to Low
    35. 35. Kriti “Sarasiruha”• Composed portion• Drum enters
    36. 36. Kriti “Sarasiruha”• Composed portion• Drum enters
    37. 37. Kriti “Sarasiruha”• Composed portion• Drum enters
    38. 38. Kalpana svaras• progressively longer improvisation cycles, each ending with idam • idam = “familiar island in a sea of improvisation”; progressively longer cycles
    39. 39. Kalpana svaras• progressively longer improvisation cycles, each ending with idam • idam = “familiar island in a sea of improvisation”; progressively longer cycles
    40. 40. Kalpana svaras• progressively longer improvisation cycles, each ending with idam • idam = “familiar island in a sea of improvisation”; progressively longer cycles
    41. 41. Tani avartanam• DRUM SOLO !!!!!• partial statement of Kriti melody • improvised close
    42. 42. Tani avartanam• DRUM SOLO !!!!!• partial statement of Kriti melody • improvised close
    43. 43. Tani avartanam• DRUM SOLO !!!!!• partial statement of Kriti melody • improvised close
    44. 44. Tani avartanam• DRUM SOLO !!!!!• partial statement of Kriti melody • improvised close
    45. 45. Tani avartanam• DRUM SOLO !!!!!• partial statement of Kriti melody • improvised close
    46. 46. Which popular music group used sitarprominently during the late 1960s?• 1) The Grateful Dead• 2) The Jimi Hendrix Experience• 3) The Beatles
    47. 47. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”
    48. 48. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”
    49. 49. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”
    50. 50. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”
    51. 51. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”
    52. 52. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”
    53. 53. George Harrison• “Norwegian Wood”• “Tomorrow Never Knows”• “Within You Without You”

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