1010 f11 9-19

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Chant and Cantillation

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1010 f11 9-19

  1. 1. Music and Worship pt. 1 <ul><li>Chant and Cantillation </li></ul>
  2. 2. Which is the closest analogue to the American Musical? <ul><li>1) Vaudeville </li></ul><ul><li>2) Minstrel Shows </li></ul><ul><li>3) Operetta </li></ul>
  3. 3. Which musical broke with tradition in 1927 by taking on quite serious social issues? <ul><li>1) Oklahoma </li></ul><ul><li>2) Show Boat </li></ul><ul><li>3) Rent </li></ul>
  4. 4. “ In paradisum”
  5. 5. What is music’s role in worship?
  6. 6. <ul><li>Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Islam </li></ul>All three sing/chant/recite sacred words.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Medieval era, Monastic music </li></ul><ul><li>9th century CE </li></ul><ul><li>Plainchant or Gregorian chant </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6th c. vs. 9th c. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>St. Augustine’s dilemma </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Documentary: “Life in a Medieval Monastery” </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Liturgical </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Liturgical </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Catholic Church </li></ul>Medieval Sacred Music
  11. 11. <ul><li>Monophonic </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal, Latin </li></ul><ul><li>non-metrical </li></ul><ul><li>sacred/liturgical </li></ul><ul><li>mostly anonymous </li></ul>Plainchant characteristics
  12. 12. Medieval Churches
  13. 14. <ul><li>The government </li></ul><ul><li>The church </li></ul><ul><li>Weber State University officials </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Ambassadors </li></ul>Medieval cultural life was dominated by:
  14. 15. T/F: According to the documentary, Monks had some services in the middle of the night <ul><li>1) True </li></ul><ul><li>2) False </li></ul>
  15. 16. Service/Liturgical Music <ul><li>9 services per day </li></ul><ul><li>Mass most important service </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most words of service sung, not spoken </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Form follows function syllabic melismatic choir soloist(s)
  17. 18. Credo (syllabic) Credo in unum Deum, Patrem omnipoténtem, factórem cæli et terræ, visibílium ómnium et invisibílium; Et in unum Dóminum Iesum Christum, Fílium Dei unigénitum, et ex Patre natum ante ómnia sæcula: Deum de Deo, lumen de lúmine, Deum verum de Deo vero, génitum non factum, consubstantiálem Patri, per quem ómnia facta sunt; qui propter nos hómines et propter nostram salútem descéndit de cælis; et incarnátus est de Spíritu Sancto ex María Vírgine et homo factus est; crucifíxus étiam pro nobis sub Póntio Piláto, passus et sepúltus est; et resurréxit tértia die secúndum Scriptúras; et ascéndit in cælum, sedet ad déxteram Patris; et íterum ventúrus est cum glória iudicáre vivos et mórtuos; cuius regni non erit finis; Et in Spíritum Sanctum, Dóminum et vivificántem: qui ex Patre Filióque procédit; qui cum Patre et Fílio simul adorátur et conglorificátur; qui locútus est per Prophétas; Et unam sanctam cathólicam et apostólicam Ecclésiam. Confíteor unum baptísma in remissiónem peccatorum; et expecto resurrectionem mortuorum et vitam ventúri sæculi. Amen.
  18. 19. Kyrie (melismatic) Kyrie eleison Christe eleison Kyrie eleison
  19. 20. <ul><li>“Caro mea” (on MML website) </li></ul>
  20. 21. Most Medieval church music was: <ul><li>Polyphonic </li></ul><ul><li>Monophonic </li></ul><ul><li>Homophonic </li></ul>
  21. 22. Non-service Music <ul><li>Morality Plays </li></ul>
  22. 23. Morality Plays <ul><li>Good vs. Evil </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innocent figure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evil characters once good </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>As part of service or not </li></ul>
  23. 24. Hildegard von Bingen Play of Virtues Play of Virtues
  24. 25. Hildegard von Bingen <ul><li>1098-1179 </li></ul><ul><li>Noble-born Nun </li></ul><ul><li>Revelations </li></ul><ul><li>Prolific author and composer </li></ul>
  25. 26. Hildegard wrote music for: <ul><li>Wide publication, to make money </li></ul><ul><li>Herself to perform and play on guitar </li></ul><ul><li>Her convent, as an ancillary to worship services </li></ul>
  26. 27. Play of Virtues <ul><li>Disputes btw Satan and 16 Virtues </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charity, Humility, Obedience, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trying to win over an innocent soul </li></ul><ul><li>Satan does not sing! </li></ul>
  27. 28. Que es, aut unde venis? Tu amplexata es me, et ego foras eduxi te.Sed nunc in reversione tua confundis me;Ego autem pugna mea diciam te! Ego omnes vias meas malas esse cognovi et ideo fugi a te; modo autem, o illusor pugno contra te. Inde tu, o regina Humilitas, tuo medicamine adiuva me. O Victoria, que istum in celo superasti,curre cum militibus tuuis, et omnes ligate diabolum hunc. O fortissimi et gloriosissimi milites, venite, et adiuvate me istum fallacem vincere. Who are you and where are you from?You have embraced me, and I have led you forth. But now, in your turning back, you confuse me;But I will hurl you down with my assault!I knew all my ways to be evil, and therefore I ran away from you; now, however, O deceiver, I fight against you. Thence, you, O Queen Humility, help me with your medicine. O Victory, who conquered that one [the Devil] in heaven, hasten with your knights, and all of you bind that Devil. O you most brave and glorious knights, come and help me to conquer that deceitful one. Devil: Soul: Humility: Victory: O dulcissime bellatrix, in torrente fonte qui absorbuit, lupum rapacem! O gloriosa coronata, nos libenter militamus tecum contra illusorem hunc. Ligate ergo istrum, o virtutes preclare!O regina nostra, tibi parebimus et precepta tua in omnibus adimplebimus.Gaudete, o socii, quia antiquus serpens libatus est.Laus tibi Christe, rex angelorum! O fairest warrior, who swallowed the greedy wolf in the torrent! O glorious crowned one, we willingly fight with you against that deceiver. Bind him, then, O shining Virtues! O our queen, to you we will be obedient, and we will fulfill your precepts in all things.Rejoice, O companions, because the old serpent has been bound. Praise to you, Christ, King of the Angels! The Virtues: Humility: The Virtues: Victory: The Virtues:
  28. 29. O dulcissime bellatrix, in torrente fonte qui absorbuit, lupum rapacem! O gloriosa coronata, nos libenter militamus tecum contra illusorem hunc. Ligate ergo istrum, o virtutes preclare!O regina nostra, tibi parebimus et precepta tua in omnibus adimplebimus.Gaudete, o socii, quia antiquus serpens libatus est.Laus tibi Christe, rex angelorum! O fairest warrior, who swallowed the greedy wolf in the torrent! O glorious crowned one, we willingly fight with you against that deceiver. Bind him, then, O shining Virtues! O our queen, to you we will be obedient, and we will fulfill your precepts in all things.Rejoice, O companions, because the old serpent has been bound. Praise to you, Christ, King of the Angels! The Virtues: Humility: The Virtues: Victory: The Virtues:

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