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League of Education Voters


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League of Education Voters

  1. 2. Vision <ul><li>Every child reads by 3 rd grade </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent teachers in every classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomas that get kids ready for college, work and life </li></ul><ul><li>Math and science that help our kids lead the way </li></ul><ul><li>More investment and more accountability </li></ul>
  2. 3. LEV Enterprise LEV Foundation 501 c 3 Research and Policy League of Education Voters 501 c4 Lobbying Education Voters Political Action Fund PAC
  3. 4. LEV Enterprise <ul><li>Campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>“Levy Library” </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens’ Report Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence-Based Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Political Action </li></ul>
  4. 5. League of Education Voters <ul><li>Early Learning </li></ul><ul><li>K-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Secondary </li></ul>
  5. 6. Washington’s Leaky Education Pipeline
  6. 8. Fund our future Improvements Going backwards <ul><li>Voters passed EHJR 4204, allowing levies to pass with a simple majority vote </li></ul><ul><li>BEFTF proposed revisions to educator compensation </li></ul><ul><li>Legislature passed the Educational Data and Data Systems bill </li></ul><ul><li>Gap between the national average and state K-12 per-pupil spending continues to grow </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in the number of school districts in financial distress </li></ul><ul><li>Widening gap between national average and state teacher compensation </li></ul>No change <ul><li>No change in reducing class sizes </li></ul><ul><li>No significant change in reducing the student-counselor ratio </li></ul>
  7. 9. Washington’s Per-Pupil Expenditures Compared to the National Average After implementation of the Basic Education Act in 1977, total Washington K-12 spending per pupil, from all sources, peaked at 13 percent above the national average. This was a level typical of the 1960s. In 1992-93, Washington’s K-12 spending equaled the national average and by 2005-06 it fell to 13 percent below the national average. Source: National Center for Education Statistics
  8. 10. Serious Funding Problem
  9. 11. How We Compare
  10. 12. Structural Problems <ul><li>Opaque and complex finance system that obscures actual costs </li></ul><ul><li>Lines of responsibility between state and local blurred </li></ul><ul><li>Inequitable distribution of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Legacy accounting and data systems </li></ul>
  11. 13. Status Quo <ul><li>Graduation requirements that prepare children for the 1970’s </li></ul><ul><li>Patches (programs and initiatives) that aren’t part of basic education </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of public trust that limits revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Weak accountability system </li></ul><ul><li>Entrenched bureaucracies </li></ul>
  12. 14. Quick History Lesson <ul><li>1993 HB 1209 and 1-601 </li></ul><ul><li>1998 4 year levies </li></ul><ul><li>2000 1% property tax growth </li></ul><ul><li> I-728 and 1-732 </li></ul><ul><li>I-884 defeated </li></ul>
  13. 15. Quick History Lesson <ul><li>2005 Washington Learns </li></ul><ul><li>2007 Basic Education Task Force </li></ul><ul><li> Simple Majority </li></ul><ul><li>I-960 </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Economic Downturn </li></ul><ul><li>Law Suits </li></ul><ul><li>??? </li></ul>
  14. 16. Economic Meltdown <ul><li>How bad is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How much worse could it get? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is new revenue coming from? </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>So why do I want to </li></ul><ul><li>run a school district? </li></ul>
  16. 18. Good News <ul><li>New leaders and new education advocates in Olympia </li></ul><ul><li>State leaders have been studying the problem for 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>System is broken to the point where policy makers have to do something </li></ul><ul><li>Litigation sabers are rattling </li></ul>
  17. 19. Litigation <ul><li>Special education 12+ districts </li></ul><ul><li>Grandfathered salaries Federal Way </li></ul><ul><li>Ample Funding NEWS </li></ul>
  18. 20. Basic Education Task Force <ul><li>Review definition of basic education and develop options for a new funding structure </li></ul><ul><li>14 members, 25 meetings, 5 proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Final Recommendations released mid-January </li></ul>
  19. 21. Our Core Principles <ul><li>The state is responsible for providing every student reasonable opportunities to meet the state’s high school graduation requirements </li></ul><ul><li>The new finance system is organized to drive improvements in student achievement </li></ul>
  20. 22. Core Principles <ul><li>The funding responsibilities of the state and local school districts are clearly delineated and separated </li></ul><ul><li>Local decision makers are given flexibility to determine the best use of money while being held accountable for results </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue distribution is simplified and school budgets are transparent </li></ul>
  21. 23. Finance Reform Proposals <ul><li>Full Funding Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Terry Bergeson </li></ul><ul><li>Dan Grimm </li></ul><ul><li>Legislators </li></ul><ul><li>League of Education Voters </li></ul>
  22. 24. BETF Highlights <ul><li>Redefines basic education </li></ul><ul><li>Early learning included </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent model school funding </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to compensation and certification </li></ul><ul><li>Data and accounting system fixes </li></ul>
  23. 25. Basic Education Definition <ul><li>Drives funding! </li></ul><ul><li>Includes State Board of Education proposed Core 24 Graduation requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Prepares students for success in post secondary education, gainful employment and life long learning </li></ul><ul><li>6 period high school day </li></ul>
  24. 26. Early Learning <ul><li>Voluntary program of early learning for at risk children as part of basic education </li></ul><ul><li>Statewide Washington Head Start would replace ECEAP </li></ul>
  25. 27. A per LAP student unit allocation Hours of additional instruction for struggling students None used Teacher course load assumption NERC allocation per certificated staff unit Per student instructional supplies and materials allocation Certificated instructional staff per 1000 students Class size by grade, and by subject area in upper grades Current Funding Metric Proposed Funding Metric
  26. 28. Transparency & Flexibility <ul><li>3 school prototypes </li></ul><ul><li>Core allocations for class size, other building staff, maintance, supplies and central office staff </li></ul><ul><li>Funding enhancements for LAP, bilingual, special education, teacher mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation model, not expenditure model </li></ul>
  27. 29. Performance-Based <ul><li>Standards and evaluation for state certification </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements for employment (evaluation criteria and contract status) </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development (mentoring & LID) </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation (base salary & bonuses) </li></ul>
  28. 30. <ul><li>Career ladder: residency to professional to master </li></ul><ul><li>Effective teaching standards, performance based evaluations, peer review by state certified evaluators </li></ul><ul><li>Residency certificate only good for 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Must earn professional to stay teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Master= NBCTS </li></ul>
  29. 31. <ul><li>Statewide mentoring and support system for new teachers </li></ul><ul><li>10 LID days on salary schedule </li></ul><ul><li>New salary schedule aligned with certification career ladder </li></ul><ul><li>Regional wage adjustment </li></ul><ul><li>Bonuses for state certified mentors and evaluators, school wide bonuses </li></ul><ul><li>Limit supplemental contracts to “T” (time) </li></ul>
  30. 32. Data/ Budget Accountability <ul><li>Connect data about students, performance, teachers & courses </li></ul><ul><li>Common standardized structure for cost allocations </li></ul><ul><li>Align finance model with budget & accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Be able to link program cost with student data </li></ul><ul><li>Separate state and local revenues & costs </li></ul>
  31. 33. State/ District Relationship <ul><li>Technical workgroup to deliberate on new levy formula. Key principles include: </li></ul><ul><li>A per-pupil based calculation for the levy base, </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminating grandfathered lids, </li></ul><ul><li>Sets levy lid at 24% for all districts, and </li></ul><ul><li>Directs working group to create new equalization formula </li></ul>
  32. 34. Monitoring & Assistance <ul><li>Based on work of State Board of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability index to identify schools and districts (exemplary & struggling) </li></ul><ul><li>Assistance tailored to need </li></ul><ul><li>Binding performance contract if no significant improvement </li></ul>
  33. 35. Full Funding Coalition <ul><li>Phase in full funding of basic education over 5 years, using current formulas for next 2 years. Then use new funding formula’s based on prototype schools model developed by CQEW </li></ul><ul><li>Create new permanent commission CQEW to make recommendations about funding formula and level of performance expected depending on the funding </li></ul>
  34. 36. Full Funding Coalition <ul><li>School districts are only expected to provide effective education opportunities in proportion to state funding </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies revenue sources (50% of revenue growth and property tax maneuver) but legislators running away </li></ul>
  35. 37. Legislative Action <ul><li>BETF </li></ul><ul><li>Senate Bill 5444 </li></ul><ul><li>House Bill 1410 </li></ul><ul><li>FCC </li></ul><ul><li>Senate Bill 5607 </li></ul><ul><li>House Bill 1817 </li></ul>
  36. 38. NO YES Significant reforms YES YES New model school funding YES YES Lots more money FCC BETF
  37. 39. Today’s Politics <ul><li>ENORMOUS budget crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Big political mess </li></ul><ul><li>Governor has not shown her cards </li></ul><ul><li>Determined and growing force of legislators and parents who are demanding finance reform THIS session </li></ul>
  38. 40. <ul><li>Which of these reforms get you most excited? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Which ones make you the most nervous? </li></ul><ul><li>If you were running the state show and you didn’t have new money, what would you change this session to make things better for your kids? </li></ul>
  39. 41. Parting Thought <ul><li>The acute financial crisis that school districts are facing today makes it very difficult to think about systemic change, yet this is the very time when we should be building a better school financing framework </li></ul>