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How good people make tough decisions 2010


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How good people make tough decisions 2010

  1. 1. How Good People Make Tough Choices “Moral Rudders and Superintendent Values”
  2. 2. “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.” — Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  3. 3. What should superintendent’s do? While the issues vary, the core challenge is the same—a tough ethical decision, where values are in play and both sides have powerful moral arguments in their favor.
  4. 4. Core Values that Anchor Your Decisions  What are your core values that anchor your decisions as a leader? Arlene Ackerman: “No one ever said that being a leader would be easy. To know the right thing is far easier than to act on it.”
  5. 5. Ethics is Ethics! John Porter: “The most important ability of a school superintendent is to be able to separate, in terms of ethics, one’s personal preferences from the organizational objectives. Ethics does not come in two parts—a professional part and a private part. What you do privately has got to be able to stand the test publicly.” What does this mean to you?
  6. 6. Ethical Dilemmas/Issues  Right v. Wrong--to select an option that one clearly knows is wrong reflects on one’s lack of ethical clarity and moral courage  Right v. Right--clear moral authority for each option but the two are mutually exclusive
  7. 7. Right v. Right Dilemma Paradigms (four types)  Truth v. loyalty  Individual v. community  Short-term v. long-term  Justice v. mercy
  8. 8.  Truth v. loyalty--where issues of personal honestly or integrity come in conflict with responsibility, allegiance and promise-keeping  Individual v. community--in which the interests of the individual are lined up against those of a larger entity  Short-term v. long-term--where the real and important concerns of the present are pitted against foresight and investment for the future  Justice v. mercy--in which fairness and an equal application of the rules appear to be at odds with the demands of empathy and compassion
  9. 9. Decision Making Principles  Ends-based--the greatest good for the greatest number  Rules-based--seeks to identify and apply a universal standard that, if obeyed, would make the world the kind of place we all want to live in  Care-based--derives from the concept of the “Golden Rule”; it is a principle of reciprocity, best seen by imagining a reversal of roles with others
  10. 10. Assignment: Your Scenarios (right v. right)Describe the background or context for scenario Clarify how the scenario “fit” one the dilemma types Describe your decision-making process for handling the dilemma Which resolution principle did you use? What did you learn from this scenario? With group at your table, each share a scenario involving a different dilemma. Following discussion, as time permits, a few will be shared with entire group. Dilemmas: Individual v. Community Truth v. Loyalty Short Term v. Long Term Justice v. Mercy Resolution Principles: Ends-based Rule-based Care-based
  11. 11. “Maxims of Ethical Leadership” (Sharratt) 1. You are what you do. 2. The means are the ends. 3. Consistency is important. 4. Promises are the lifeblood of integrity. 5. All accountability starts with personal accountability. 6. Effective decision-making requires deliberation. 7. Competence and trust must be developed. 8. The truth matters. 9. Getting it right means listening well to others. 10. Humility is essential for ethical leadership.