Context is everything: Strengthening the enabling environment to scale up and sustain improved access to rural sanitation.

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This powerpoint was presented by WSP Senior Sanitation and Hygiene Specialist, Yolande Coombes,during AfricaSan 3 (Kigali, Rwanda - 2011) under the "Global and Africa Experience in Scaling Up Rural Sanitation" session.

This session provided guidance to policy makers and programmers by sharing evidence, recent results and lessons regarding how to scale up effective and promising approaches such as CLTS and Sanitation Marketing.

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Context is everything: Strengthening the enabling environment to scale up and sustain improved access to rural sanitation.

  1. 1. Context is everything: Strengthening the enabling environment to scale up and sustain improved access to rural sanitation.<br />Yolande Coombes, Senior Sanitation and Hygiene Specialist , WSP Africa<br /> <br />
  2. 2. Achieving Scale<br />Strengthen the <br />enabling environment<br />
  3. 3. Enabling Environment Dimensions <br />Policy, Strategy, and Direction;<br />Financing; <br />Institutional Arrangements; <br />Program Methodology; <br />Implementation Capacity; <br />Availability of Products and Tools; <br />Cost-Effective Implementation;<br />Monitoring; <br />
  4. 4. Country Status Overview<br />
  5. 5. e.g. Ghana Score Card Rural Sanitation<br />
  6. 6. Baseline EE assessment: Tanzania 2007<br />Direction: Political support<br />Low priority allocated to sanitation and hygiene (competing priorities)<br />No national program for sanitation and hygiene<br />Policy & Strategy<br />No sanitation & hygiene policy (little policy alignment)<br />No sanitation or hygiene strategy<br />Mkukuta-1: 80% rural sanitation coverage; 95% target for 2015<br />Baseline: estimates 90% coverage; many latrines “do not meet basic criteria”<br />Institutional arrangements<br />No clear lead agency for sanitation and hygiene (4 Ministries to be coordinated)<br />District Water and Sanitation Teams established in most areas?<br />NGOs leading WASH activities in some districts<br />WSP newly established in Tanzania (since 2006)<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Tanzania: Endline EE Assessment<br />1. Policy, Strategy & Direction <br />Policy<br />Draft policy: includes JMP definitions <br />Some disconnects between policy instruments (Mkukuta-WSDP-MoU)?<br />Improving consensus and policy alignment among key stakeholders<br />Strategy<br />Mkukuta-2 = first GoT/DP document to use JMP coverage (23% rural) <br />No strategic planning by centre or<br />Limited strategic analysis possible due to lack of disaggregated data<br />National campaign to be planned in next 6 months <br />2. Institutional Arrangements<br />Coordination & Collaboration<br />MoU: 4 key Ministries agreed roles and responsibilities<br />MoH designated as lead agency for rural sanitation and hygiene<br />Informal steering committees and working groups established<br />National Campaign<br />Government + Development Partners to collaborate on campaign<br />District Water and Sanitation Teams: variable interest and performance <br />Reliant on community volunteers and masons<br />
  8. 8. Quantitative Measurement<br />
  9. 9. How do you strengthen the enabling environment?<br />Create a shared vision <br />WSR Ethiopia<br />Country Preparation meeting for AfricaSan 3<br />Baseline Assessment – review the evidence<br />Outline the steps to the vision<br />Identify indicators of success<br />Indentify the boundary partners <br />
  10. 10. Action Planning<br />
  11. 11. Summary<br />Understand the context <br />Take an evidence based approach<br />Identify the strengths and weaknesses / drivers and bottlenecks<br />Create a shared vision, prioritize actions<br />Involve all stakeholders – the whole system<br />Measure and monitor progress <br />

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