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Streetscapes and Street Trees
New York City Community Forestry Management Case Study


                        Jennifer Gr...
NYC Urban Landscape

62% of acreage of NYC impervious    38% of acreage of NYC pervious
   126,729 acres of buildings and ...
Environment

1,651 acres of freshwater wetland




                                    Long Term Strategic Planning 3
Environment

1,498 acres of salt marsh




                            Long Term Strategic Planning 4
Environment

1,444 acres of meadow/grassland




                                  Long Term Strategic Planning 5
Environment

5,136 acres of forest




                        Long Term Strategic Planning 6
Environment

Estimated 2 million trees in
landscaped parks




                               Long Term Strategic Planning...
Environment

• 700 Community gardens
• 282 are permanent parkland




                               Long Term Strategic P...
Environment


2 nurseries and 3 greenhouses




Greenbelt Native Plant Center and seedbank




                           ...
Environment

                             Brooklyn Heights Promenade
2,500 ornamental gardens




Abington Square, Manhatt...
Environment

2,423 greenstreets




                     Long Term Strategic Planning 11
Environment

592,130 street trees




                       Long Term Strategic Planning 12
New York City’s Tree Canopy


 NYC lost 9,000 acres of vegetative cover
          between 1984 – 2002
            (satelli...
Canopy Cover

New York City has 24% canopy cover       Relative Area
          44,000 acres of land area        < 10%

   ...
Street Tree Inventory

             Type of Data Collected

             •   species
             •   size
             • ...
Street Tree Inventory Results

  Number of Street Trees

       • 1995 -- 498,470 trees
       • 2005 -- 592,130 trees (19...
Street Tree Benefits



                           STORM WATER
                              RUNOFF                PROPERT...
Street Tree Distribution


 592,130 Street Trees
   27% tree planting sites empty
   space for an additional 220,000 trees...
Street Tree Planting: By Request




                                                  Street Tree Planting

             ...
Health and Economic Factors




                              Long Term Strategic Planning 20
Trees for Public Health (TPH)




                                    Morrisania
                                     Hunt...
TPH: Process




                     Data Collection                           Finalize
Select                           ...
TPH: Management Plans


Community Forestry Management
Plans
   •Tree Survey
   •Tree Planting Opportunity Survey
   •Analy...
PlaNYC
On Earth Day 2007, Mayor Bloomberg unveiled a comprehensive plan to improve our urban
   environment….




        ...
PlaNYC & Greening

 10 years and $300 million in capital funds to:




                               Build 800 new Greens...
Street Tree Planting: By Request




                                                  Street Tree Planting

             ...
Street Tree Planting: Strategic



                                                            PlaNYC



  25000



  2000...
Strategic Planting




                     Long Term Strategic Planning 28
Block Planting




                 Long Term Strategic Planning 29
East Harlem Block Planting




                             Long Term Strategic Planning 30
Walk East Harlem




                   Long Term Strategic Planning 31
Walk East Harlem




                   Long Term Strategic Planning 32
October 9, 2007 Press Launch




                               Long Term Strategic Planning 33
MillionTreesNYC




                  Long Term Strategic Planning 34
MillionTreesNYC


                   Two years…
                  …252,170 trees




                           Long Term ...
Challenges

  Framing the message for community and city
  decision makers. Quantification of benefits is
  key to success...
www.milliontreesnyc.org
  www.nyc.gov/parks




                          Long Term Strategic Planning 37
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Street Trees and Streetscapes

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Presentation given by Jennifer Greenfeld, 10.21.09

Street Trees and Streetscapes

  1. 1. Streetscapes and Street Trees New York City Community Forestry Management Case Study Jennifer Greenfeld Central Forestry & Horticulture New York City Parks & Recreation Green Infrastructure Symposium October 21, 2009
  2. 2. NYC Urban Landscape 62% of acreage of NYC impervious 38% of acreage of NYC pervious 126,729 acres of buildings and 78,095 acres of tree, grass, or soil other paved surfaces coverage 6,375 miles of roadway 5.2 million trees Long Term Strategic Planning 2
  3. 3. Environment 1,651 acres of freshwater wetland Long Term Strategic Planning 3
  4. 4. Environment 1,498 acres of salt marsh Long Term Strategic Planning 4
  5. 5. Environment 1,444 acres of meadow/grassland Long Term Strategic Planning 5
  6. 6. Environment 5,136 acres of forest Long Term Strategic Planning 6
  7. 7. Environment Estimated 2 million trees in landscaped parks Long Term Strategic Planning 7
  8. 8. Environment • 700 Community gardens • 282 are permanent parkland Long Term Strategic Planning 8
  9. 9. Environment 2 nurseries and 3 greenhouses Greenbelt Native Plant Center and seedbank Long Term Strategic Planning 9
  10. 10. Environment Brooklyn Heights Promenade 2,500 ornamental gardens Abington Square, Manhattan Clove Lakes Park, Staten Island Long Term Strategic Planning 10
  11. 11. Environment 2,423 greenstreets Long Term Strategic Planning 11
  12. 12. Environment 592,130 street trees Long Term Strategic Planning 12
  13. 13. New York City’s Tree Canopy NYC lost 9,000 acres of vegetative cover between 1984 – 2002 (satellite imagery analysis) Long Term Strategic Planning 13
  14. 14. Canopy Cover New York City has 24% canopy cover Relative Area 44,000 acres of land area < 10% 5.2 million trees 15% 20% 50% under Parks jurisdiction 25% valued at $5.2 billion in 30% replacement costs 35% 40% 45% 50% As compared to other U.S. cities: > 50% City Tree Cover (%) Atlanta, GA 37 Austin, TX 34 Boston, MA 29 Washington, DC 28 Seattle, WA 25 New York City, NY 24 Cambridge, MA 20 Baltimore, MD 19 Philadelphia, PA 16 Jersey City, NJ 11 Chicago, IL 11 Long Term Strategic Planning 14
  15. 15. Street Tree Inventory Type of Data Collected • species • size • condition • growing conditions • infrastructure conflicts Long Term Strategic Planning 15
  16. 16. Street Tree Inventory Results Number of Street Trees • 1995 -- 498,470 trees • 2005 -- 592,130 trees (19% increase) NYC's Top Ten Street Trees (%) London planetree 15.3 Littleleaf linden 4.7 Norway maple 14.1 Green ash 3.5 Callery pear 10.9 Red maple 3.5 Honeylocust 8.9 Silver maple 3.2 Pin oak 7.5 Ginkgo 2.8 Dead Poor Excellent 1% 8% 24% Good 67% Dead Poor Good Excellent Long Term Strategic Planning 16
  17. 17. Street Tree Benefits STORM WATER RUNOFF PROPERTY $36 million VALUES $52 592,130 million TOTAL TREES $122 TOTAL BENEFITS CO2 REDUCTION $0.75 ENERGY SAVINGS million $27 million AIR QUALITY $5.3 London Planetree 15% million Norway 14% Maple Callery 10% Pear Honey 8% Locust 7.5% Pin Oak Long Term Strategic Planning 17
  18. 18. Street Tree Distribution 592,130 Street Trees 27% tree planting sites empty space for an additional 220,000 trees Borough New trees Bronx 50,000 Brooklyn 70,000 Manhattan 20,000 Queens 55,000 Staten Island 27,000 Total 220,000 Current Street Tree Stocking Levels Long Term Strategic Planning 18
  19. 19. Street Tree Planting: By Request Street Tree Planting 17,593 17,106 16,525 15,453 13,545 10,464 10,258 9,192 8,267 8,200 8,403 8,494 7,160 6,754 6,254 6,346 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Annual Year Long Term Strategic Planning 19
  20. 20. Health and Economic Factors Long Term Strategic Planning 20
  21. 21. Trees for Public Health (TPH) Morrisania Hunts Point East Harlem East New York Stapleton Current Street Tree Stocking Levels Rockaways Long Term Strategic Planning 21
  22. 22. TPH: Process Data Collection Finalize Select Greening & Synthesis Sites Plans Set Priorities with Partners Identify Community Partners Long Term Strategic Planning 22
  23. 23. TPH: Management Plans Community Forestry Management Plans •Tree Survey •Tree Planting Opportunity Survey •Analyze Data •Community Outreach Long Term Strategic Planning 23
  24. 24. PlaNYC On Earth Day 2007, Mayor Bloomberg unveiled a comprehensive plan to improve our urban environment…. Long Term Strategic Planning 24
  25. 25. PlaNYC & Greening 10 years and $300 million in capital funds to: Build 800 new Greenstreets Fully plant NYC’s streets Re-landscape and reforest with 220,000 trees 2,000 acres of parkland Long Term Strategic Planning 25
  26. 26. Street Tree Planting: By Request Street Tree Planting 17,593 17,106 16,525 15,453 13,545 10,464 10,258 9,192 8,267 8,200 8,403 8,494 7,160 6,754 6,254 6,346 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Annual Year Long Term Strategic Planning 26
  27. 27. Street Tree Planting: Strategic PlaNYC 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Fiscal Year Long Term Strategic Planning 27
  28. 28. Strategic Planting Long Term Strategic Planning 28
  29. 29. Block Planting Long Term Strategic Planning 29
  30. 30. East Harlem Block Planting Long Term Strategic Planning 30
  31. 31. Walk East Harlem Long Term Strategic Planning 31
  32. 32. Walk East Harlem Long Term Strategic Planning 32
  33. 33. October 9, 2007 Press Launch Long Term Strategic Planning 33
  34. 34. MillionTreesNYC Long Term Strategic Planning 34
  35. 35. MillionTreesNYC Two years… …252,170 trees Long Term Strategic Planning 35
  36. 36. Challenges Framing the message for community and city decision makers. Quantification of benefits is key to success. Developing a sustainable community group to foster local stewardship and move implementation forward. Monitoring success. Need local baseline data and monitoring to compare results. Long Term Strategic Planning 36
  37. 37. www.milliontreesnyc.org www.nyc.gov/parks Long Term Strategic Planning 37

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