Massive open online
• What is MOOC:
• Why use MOOCs:
• Types of MOOCs:
• History of MOOCs:
• Field of interest and topics:
• Advantages and disadvantages of MOOCs
• MOOC users:
What is MOOC:
• It is a free web-based distance learning program that is designed for the participation of large numbers of
geographically dispersed students.
Why use MOOC:
• It provide education that may enable certification, employment or further studies.
• It inform and shape what we do within and without institutions
• It encourages learning through collaboration and exploration
• Prepares students for real world‟s experience using technology and networking
Types of MOOCs:
• C-MOOCs: Are built upon the idea and platform originally envisioned by George Siemens. Refers to MOOCs
designed to emphasize connecting learners
• X-MOOCs: have developed out of the idea of Open Courseware and Open Educational resources. Are offered by
a university in partnership with a for profit organization.
History of MOOCs:
• It is within networks that learning can generate quite interesting experiences.
• the first one was launched in 2008? It was called „Connectivism and Connective
Knowledge/2008‟ created by educators Stephen Downes and George Siemens.
• Around 2,200 people signed up for CCK08, and 170 of them created their own blogs. The
course was free and open, which meant that anyone could join, modify or remix the content
without paying (although a paid, certified option was offered).
• In 2012, another MOOC experiment caught academics‟ attention. Two Stanford
Professors Sebastian Thrun and Peter Norvig decided to offer “Introduction to Artificial
Intelligence” for free online. Designed to resemble real classroom experiences and offer
high-quality classes for everyone, the idea had the advantage of carrying the prestigious
Stanford name .
Field of interest and topics:
• Interested in the field of Life Orientation
• Under the following topics: human rights, keeping balance, careers and career choices and social and environmental
Advantages and disadvantages of MOOCs
• You can learn from a distance
• It is free unless stated otherwise
• Learning is informal
• Only two resources needed: access to computer and
• Lack of computer literacy
• students can misuse the freedom they have
• X-MOOCs involve cost sometimes not significant
• Students have to be responsible for their own learning
• Teachers and professors deal with a huge audience, as
a result, they are unable to give active feedbacks for
assignments and tests to the students.