Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
OPERATIONAL
LEVEL OF WAR
AND STRATEGY GAME DESIGN
GUY ULMER, PLARIUM
About me
Work at Plarium
We (mostly) make social
strategy games
About me
Early Childhood
Started tinkering
with games
About me
C&C / Red Alert
Spent more time
on modding than
I’d like to admit
About me
In the Army
Intelligence NCO
at the IDF
The strategy video game genre
● Early ties to military board games
● Not necessarily military conflict
● Birth of new subg...
● Define game vision
● Find the right
audience
● Competitive
analysis
● Arguing on the ‘net
HOLD MY CALLS
SOMEONE IS WRONG...
“War is the continuation
of politics by other
means”
Carl von Clausewitz*
* 19th century military dude. Wrote the book
“Vo...
LEVELOFWAR
Strategic: the art and science
of employing national power
Operational: the planning and
conduct of campaigns
T...
Wikipedia definition:
“In the field of military theory, the operational level of war
(also called the operational art, as ...
At the most basic level, a conflict is like
a game of tug-of-war.
Offensive and/or defensive maneuvers
are being carried b...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Levels of war separation
Defense: Strategic level of war
Building your force/nation/stronghold,
focusing on long term growth
Defense: Operational level of war
Collecting resources and managing
economy to fulfill strategic goals.
Sustaining your su...
Defense: Tactical level of war
Using your available resources to
defend and adapt.
This is usually where s**t happens.
Offense: Strategic level of war
Choose the best available option to
achieve your set goal and defeat
your opponent(s)
Offense: Operational level of war
High level combat management:
which units to utilize and when
Offense: Tactical level of war
Maneuver and individual unit control
Classify subgenres
● Where lies the “center of gravity”?
● 4X / Grand strategy games
● Tower defense games
● Real Time Tac...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
4X Strategy games
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic
Base and force
building
Choose best plan
to achieve goal
Operational
Economy
manage...
Gates of War: Gen-3 social strategy
Gates of War: Gen-3 social strategy
Platform limitations
Or just design decisions?
Why Clash Royale is interesting
Clash Royale Breakdown
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Ope...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and
force building
Choose best
plan to
achieve goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Influence Royale
Gates of War
Influence Royale
Smite Rivals
Influence Royale
Minion Masters
Influence Royale
Halo Wars 2
Influence Royale
Force Arena
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and force
building
Choose best
plan to achieve
goal
Operational Economy
manage...
Closing remarks
● Analyze your game: where can you
place it on the level-of-war model?
● Compare to the competition
● Do t...
Closing remarks
… more what you'd call
guidelines than actual rules
Thank you! Questions?
● On War – Wikipedia article:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_War
● Operational level of war
en.wikipedia.o...
Backup slides
Do I really need this layer?
Do I really need this layer?
Platform limitations
● Consoles/Gamepad
● Web/Social
● Mobile/Touch
● Make sure that your chosen levels of war
blend is ap...
4X Strategy Games
Time management games
Level of war Defense Offense
Strategic Base and force
building
Choose best
plan to achieve
goal
Oper...
“time management” games?
Tower defense games
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Guy Ulmer, Plarium

1,341 views

Published on

Strategy Game Design and the Operational Level of War

(White Nights Conference Prague 2017)
The official conference website — http://wnconf.com

Published in: Business
  • Be the first to comment

Guy Ulmer, Plarium

  1. 1. OPERATIONAL LEVEL OF WAR AND STRATEGY GAME DESIGN GUY ULMER, PLARIUM
  2. 2. About me Work at Plarium We (mostly) make social strategy games
  3. 3. About me Early Childhood Started tinkering with games
  4. 4. About me C&C / Red Alert Spent more time on modding than I’d like to admit
  5. 5. About me In the Army Intelligence NCO at the IDF
  6. 6. The strategy video game genre ● Early ties to military board games ● Not necessarily military conflict ● Birth of new subgenres/spinoffs: RTS, Tower defense, Time management, MOBA…
  7. 7. ● Define game vision ● Find the right audience ● Competitive analysis ● Arguing on the ‘net HOLD MY CALLS SOMEONE IS WRONG ON THE INTERNET Why classification is important?
  8. 8. “War is the continuation of politics by other means” Carl von Clausewitz* * 19th century military dude. Wrote the book “Vom Kriege”. Also coined the term “fog of war” What is war?
  9. 9. LEVELOFWAR Strategic: the art and science of employing national power Operational: the planning and conduct of campaigns Tactical: the application of concentrated force to gain objectives Levels of war
  10. 10. Wikipedia definition: “In the field of military theory, the operational level of war (also called the operational art, as derived from Russian: оперативное искусство) represents the level of command that connects the details of tactics with the goals of strategy” Operational level of war
  11. 11. At the most basic level, a conflict is like a game of tug-of-war. Offensive and/or defensive maneuvers are being carried by opposing teams, both trying to tip the balance in their favor. Breaking Down Conflict
  12. 12. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Plotting the level-of-war chart
  13. 13. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control “Classic” strategy game flow
  14. 14. Levels of war separation
  15. 15. Defense: Strategic level of war Building your force/nation/stronghold, focusing on long term growth
  16. 16. Defense: Operational level of war Collecting resources and managing economy to fulfill strategic goals. Sustaining your supply chain.
  17. 17. Defense: Tactical level of war Using your available resources to defend and adapt. This is usually where s**t happens.
  18. 18. Offense: Strategic level of war Choose the best available option to achieve your set goal and defeat your opponent(s)
  19. 19. Offense: Operational level of war High level combat management: which units to utilize and when
  20. 20. Offense: Tactical level of war Maneuver and individual unit control
  21. 21. Classify subgenres ● Where lies the “center of gravity”? ● 4X / Grand strategy games ● Tower defense games ● Real Time Tactics ● Food for thought: Are MOBAs even strategy games?
  22. 22. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control 4X Strategy games
  23. 23. 4X Strategy games
  24. 24. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Godlike strategy games
  25. 25. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Real Time Tactics?
  26. 26. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Offensive tactical games
  27. 27. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Tower defense games
  28. 28. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Social strategy games
  29. 29. Gates of War: Gen-3 social strategy
  30. 30. Gates of War: Gen-3 social strategy
  31. 31. Platform limitations
  32. 32. Or just design decisions?
  33. 33. Why Clash Royale is interesting
  34. 34. Clash Royale Breakdown Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control
  35. 35. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Clash Royale Breakdown
  36. 36. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Clash Royale Breakdown
  37. 37. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Clash Royale Breakdown
  38. 38. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Clash Royale Breakdown
  39. 39. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Clash Royale Breakdown
  40. 40. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Clash Royale Breakdown
  41. 41. Influence Royale Gates of War
  42. 42. Influence Royale Smite Rivals
  43. 43. Influence Royale Minion Masters
  44. 44. Influence Royale Halo Wars 2
  45. 45. Influence Royale Force Arena
  46. 46. Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control Are MOBAs even strategy games?
  47. 47. Closing remarks ● Analyze your game: where can you place it on the level-of-war model? ● Compare to the competition ● Do the game mechanics actually support the intended approach?
  48. 48. Closing remarks … more what you'd call guidelines than actual rules
  49. 49. Thank you! Questions? ● On War – Wikipedia article: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/On_War ● Operational level of war en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operational_level_of_war ● Plarium is hiring company.plarium.com/career/
  50. 50. Backup slides
  51. 51. Do I really need this layer?
  52. 52. Do I really need this layer?
  53. 53. Platform limitations ● Consoles/Gamepad ● Web/Social ● Mobile/Touch ● Make sure that your chosen levels of war blend is appropriate for the chosen platform and its associated input method. A real-time 4X mobile game with heavy focus on unit micromanagement? Perhaps that is not the best combination.
  54. 54. 4X Strategy Games
  55. 55. Time management games Level of war Defense Offense Strategic Base and force building Choose best plan to achieve goal Operational Economy management High level combat management Tactical Defensive layout and maneuvers Individual unit control
  56. 56. “time management” games?
  57. 57. Tower defense games

×