Ch. 8 hw 7 e

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Ch. 8 hw 7 e

  1. 1. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s Chapter 8: Shaping Describe your example (1): Reinforcement (8) Initial: After: Intermediate: Before: Terminal: Initial: Intermediate: Terminal: Extinction After:
  2. 2. Name:_________________________ Instructor:________________________ Grade:________ Chapter 8: Shaping Work Show Please fill in your answers to the questions as you go through the work show. The questions are numbered, and in the same order. 1. A reinforcer is defined as a stimulus, event, or condition whose presentation immediately follows a response and ___________ the frequency of the response. A. Decreases B. Increases C. Has no effect on 2. What procedure was Dawn using when she presented Andrew with a piece of gum immediately after he looked at the gum? A. Punishment B. Escape C. Reinforcement D. None of the above 3. What do we call the goal of the shaping intervention? A. Initial behavior B. Intermediate Behavior C. Terminal Behavior 4. When we talk about the individual physical properties of moving lips, making small croaking sounds, and speaking we are talking about what? A. Response Dimensions B. Response Class 5. When we talk about moving lips, making small croaking sounds, and speaking all resulting in gum, we are talking about what? A. Response Dimensions B. Response Class 6. Along what dimension is Dawn shaping? A. Intensity of force B. Rate C. Topography D. Duration
  3. 3. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s 7. Just for fun, let’s say that Andrew can already speak but he speaks really quietly. Dawn, in this case, wants him to speak loudly. What response dimension would be shaped in this situation? A. Intensity of force B. Rate C. Topography D. Duration 8. Let’s also say that Andrew can already speak but he speaks only with Dawn and others living with him. Dawn then works with him so that he speaks with all sorts of people (i.e., in the presence of other stimuli) Is this shaping? A. Yes B. No 9. Here’s the first criterion for reinforcement in the shaping procedure. What is Andrew doing now that resembles speaking? A. Andrew looks at the gum B. Andrew moves his lips C. Andrew speaks 10. What do we call this behavior? Remember, eye contact was not in the speaking response class (so it wasn’t the initial behavior, just a prerequisite). A. Initial behavior B. Intermediate behavior C. Terminal Behavior 11. So if Dawn wants to shape speaking but also keep Andrew’s attention, then what must Andrew do before she delivers the gum. A. Look at the gum only B. Move his lips only C. Look at the gum and move his lips For Questions 12-16 please fill in the diagram on the following page 12. What behavior will result in the delivery of the gum reinforcer? Please write out your answer in the diagram below 13. What be behavior will no longer be reinforced? Please write out your answer in the diagram below 14. Complete the diagram for the before condition. 15. Complete the diagram for the after condition 16. Complete the diagram for the after condition
  4. 4. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s Reinforcement Behavior (12) After (15) Before (14) No Reinforcement Behavior (13) After (16) 17. After Dawn reinforced lip movement for just a few minutes, she decided to stop reinforcing lip movements and wait for his first sounds. After all, Dawn knew he could do it, even though he has not made a sound in 19 years. Is it probably a good time to no longer reinforce lip movements and wait for croaking sounds? A. Yes, let’s stop reinforcing lip movements B. No, let’s continue reinforcing lip movement 18. Currently, Andrew is moving his lips only once in a while. He is not making any croaking sounds yet. Before Dawn moves on to the next criterion, the current behavior must occur at a high frequency and the next step in the shaping procedure must occur at some minimum frequency. What should Dawn do? A. Stop reinforcing lip movements and reinforce his making croaking sounds B. Continue reinforcing his making lip movements while looking for croaking sounds to reinforce 19. What behavior more closely resembles the goal of speaking than lip movements? A. Speaking B. Looking at the gum C. Lip movement D. Small croaking sounds 20. The behavior of making small croaking sounds approximates the final behavior of speaking. What is this middle step called in a shaping procedure? A. Initial behavior B. Terminal behavior C. Intermediate behavior
  5. 5. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s 21. After Dawn reinforced lip movement over several days, Andrew also began making croaking sounds as often as moving his lips alone. Is it probably a good time to begin reinforcing croaking sounds and no longer reinforce lip movements without croaking? A. Yes, let’s stop reinforcing just lip movements. B. No, let’s continue reinforcing just lip movements. For questions 22-26 please fill in the diagram below 22. Complete the diagram for the intermediate behavior. What behavior will result in the delivery of the gum reinforce? 23. Complete the diagram for the intermediate behavior. 24. Complete the diagram for the before condition. 25. Complete the diagram for the after condition 26. Complete the diagram for the after condition Reinforcement Behavior (22) After (25) Before (24) No reinforcement Behavior (23) After (26) 27. By the way, what do we call the procedure of reinforcing one response class while not reinforcing another response class? A. Differential punishment B. Escape C. Differential reinforcement D. Reinforcement
  6. 6. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s 28. Currently, Andrew is frequently making croaking sounds (while moving his lips) but has not said gum. What should Dawn do? A. Stop reinforcing his croaking sounds (while moving his lips) and reinforce spoken words. B. Continue reinforcing croaking sounds (while moving his lips) and start looking for fragments of words to reinforce. 29. Currently, Andrew is frequently making croaking sounds and is saying the word gum at a moderate frequency. What should Dawn do? A. Stop reinforcing his croaking sounds and reinforce spoken words B. Continue reinforcing his croaking sounds while looking for fragments of spoken words to reinforce 30. Complete the diagram for the terminal behavior Reinforcement Behavior Initial: moves lips After Intermediate: Before croaking sounds while moving lips Terminal: No Reinforcement Behavior After Initial: N/A Intermediate: Moves lips Terminal 31. Complete the diagram for the terminal behavior Reinforcement Behavior Initial: moves lips After Intermediate: Before croaking sounds while moving lips Terminal: Andrew says gum No Reinforcement Behavior Initial: N/A Intermediate: Moves lips Terminal: After
  7. 7. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s 32. Complete the diagram for the before condition Reinforcement Behavior Initial: moves lips After Intermediate: Before croaking sounds while moving lips Terminal: Andrew says gum No Reinforcement Behavior After Initial: N/A Intermediate: Moves lips Terminal: Makes croaking sound 33. Complete the diagram for the after condition Reinforcement Behavior Initial: moves lips After Intermediate: Before Andrew has no gum croaking sounds while moving lips Terminal: Andrew says gum No Reinforcement Behavior Initial: N/A Intermediate: Moves lips Terminal: Makes croaking sound After
  8. 8. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s 34. Complete the diagram for the after condition Reinforcement Behavior Initial: moves lips Intermediate: Before Andrew has no gum After Andrew has gum croaking sounds while moving lips Terminal: Andrew says gum No Reinforcement Behavior After Initial: N/A Intermediate: Moves lips Terminal: Makes croaking sound 35. Jimmy, the scrawny kid in class, has just taken up weight lifting. Currently he can barely bench press 100lbs. But when he’s finished training he’ll be much stronger and able to lift 300 lbs. Is this an example of shaping? A. Yes B. No 36. Now, not only was Jimmy weak he also had very poor form while bench pressing. His hands and arms were located in the wrong spot when he pushed the weights up off his chest. His personal trainer began teaching him how to improve his bench pressing form. By the end of his training Jimmy looked like a weight training pro. Is this an example of shaping? A. Yes B. No 37. Sara, the slow jogger, wants to be able to run the mile in less than 7 minutes. Unfortunately, right now she can barely break the 10 minute marker. But by the end of this year, after lots of hardcore running, she’ll be able to race through the mile in less than 7 minutes. She just physically can’t get down to 7 minutes. Is this an example of shaping? A. Yes B. No
  9. 9. First Name: _______________ Last Name: _______________ Score: ___/20 50 LO’s 38. Not only was Sara slow when she first started, she also ran like a chicken with its head cut off. Arms and legs flailing all over the place. Her form was terrible. The track coach was appalled by the sight of her and gave her some training. By the end of training Sara was running with the form of a world class runner. Is this an example of shaping? A. Yes B. No 39. Amber is going to school to be a court reporter. In order to graduate she must be able to type 90 words per minute. Unfortunately, right now she can only type 20wpm. But by the end of her training she’ll be typing away at speeds greater than 100wpm. Amber’s ringer muscles were always strong enough to type a string of random characters equal to 100wpm, but now her typing has formed a specific response class. Is this an example of shaping? A. Yes B. No 40. Are these two responses in the same response class (similar along a meaningful response dimension)? A. Yes B. No 41. Are these two responses in the same response class (similar along a meaningful dimension? A. Yes B. No Don’t forget to complete your original example 

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