ASO 14

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ASO 14

  1. 1. Chapter 14 Imitation ANSWERS REVIEW: Please write the definition for generalized imitation ANSWER: Generalized Imitation – Imitation of the response of a model without previous reinforcement for imitation of that specific response. 28. The theory of generalized imitation. a. Explain the theory. ANSWER: Generalized imitative responses occur because they automatically produce imitative reinforcers. Imitative reinforcers are the stimuli arising from the match between the behavior of the imitator and the behavior of the model that function as reinforcers. These generalized imitative responses will maintain only if other imitative responses have occurred and been reinforced previously. b. Draw a generic diagram illustrating generalized imitation. ANSWER: (See the diagram on the right) c. Explain the need for the theory of generalized imitation ANSWER: We need a theory that explains why, seemingly, an imitator will perform a response when no reinforcement occurs for that response. According to the model of behavior analysis, all behavior will maintain only if it is immediately reinforced. In the case that we are presenting here, generalized imitative responses are maintained despite what would seem like the absence of reinforcement. However, according to the theory of generalized reinforcement, these novel imitative responses ARE reinforced with imitative reinforcers. Therefore this theory provides a way to explain why we observe generalized imitation using the behavior analytic model. ------------------------------------------------Reinforcement SD: Model makes a NOVEL response Before: Imitator has no learned imitative reinforcers Behavior: Imitator makes a NOVEL response SΔ: Model does not make a novel response Extinction After: Imitator has learned imitative reinforcers After: Imitator has no learned imitative reinforcers

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