Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Social media realitie lisbon-2018

75 views

Published on

Bill Dutton's slides for a talk entitle Social Media and Society: News and Reality for a forum at ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal, 9 April 2018.

Published in: Internet
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Social media realitie lisbon-2018

  1. 1. Social Media and Society: News and Reality William H. Dutton @BiiiDutton Quello Professor of Media and Information Policy Quello Center, Michigan State University @QuelloCenter Presentation for a discussions at University Institute of Lisbon, ISCTE- IUL, ISCTE-IUL, FCT, and CIES-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal, 9 April 2018.
  2. 2. Social Research Perspectives on the Panics Over Social Media Social Relationships Dating (Dis)Information • Filter Bubbles • Echo Chambers • Fake News Privacy • Cambridge Analytica-Facebook Fiasco
  3. 3. Moral Panic threat to the moral order disproportionate reaction Source: Psychologytoday.com
  4. 4. Social Relationships: A Threat to the Social Order? • Isolating Individuals? • Substituting Virtual for Real Friendship? • Undermining Social Relationships?
  5. 5. • 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013 • Cross-sectional Surveys versus Panels • Multi-Stage Probability Sample • England, Scotland & Wales • Respondents: 14 years and older • Face-to-face Interviews, High Response Rates • Sponsorship from the British Library, Higher Education Funding Council for England, Ofcom, and Others • Component of World Internet Project (WIP) Oxford Internet Surveys
  6. 6. Isolating, Connecting, or Reconfiguring Access Romantic Views of the Past Complement v Substitute • Users Perceive Same or More Connections • Increased Contact with Family & Friends • Non-users are Most Isolated Meet New People Online, Growth Over the Years • A Few ( 1 or 2) Meet in Person • More Never Personally Meet Reinforces and Reconfigures Access: Can Change • Who You Know • With Whom You Stay in Touch With
  7. 7. Online Dating: A Threat to the Social Order? • Dating Through a Screen? • Undermining Stable Relationships?
  8. 8.  Supported at the OII by eHarmony (2008—2013)  18 Country Online Survey*  Co-habiting couples, 18 and over  Dated, Update Needed *Hogan, B., Li, N., and Dutton, W. H. (2011), A Global Shift in the Social Relationships of Networked Individuals: Meeting and Dating Online Comes of Age. (February 14, 2011). SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1763884 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1763884 Me, My Spouse and the Internet Study
  9. 9. Me, My Spouse and the Internet Global Shift in Prominence • Since 1997 with Rise of Social Media • New and Legitimate Place to Meet Experience Technology • Based on Experience, not Success • Know Others Who Have Dated Online Complement v a Substitute for Offline Individual and Cross-National Differences • Older (over 40), Gender, Sexual Orientation Reconfigures Access, e.g., Age and Educational Differences
  10. 10. (Dis)Information Order: Undermining the Information Order? • Diminishing the Quality of Information? • My Daily Me – Filter Bubble? • Echo Chambers Polarizing Politics? • Fake News Undermining Trust?
  11. 11. Panic! Fake News Filter Bubbles Echo Chambers Immediatefuture.co.uk Medium.com
  12. 12. The Part Played by Search in Shaping Political Opinion • Quello Center team in collaboration with the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), University of Oxford and Department of Communication, University of Ottawa • Professor William H. Dutton (Quello) • Dr. Bianca C. Reisdorf (Quello) • Dr. Grant Blank (OII) • Dr. Elizabeth Dubois (Ottawa) • With the assistance of: • Craig Robertson (PhD Student, Quello) • Sabrina Ahmed (BA Student, Ottawa) • Support from Google, Inc. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2960697
  13. 13. Cross-National Comparative Research A User-Centered Perspective Review of Literature Trace Data Survey of 7 nations Britain France Germany Italy Poland Spain United States 14,000 Internet Users, January 2017
  14. 14. Mitigating Problems 1. Centrality of Search for Info about Politics 2. Diversity of Sources/Viewpoints 3. Check, Confirm, Information 4. Find Info that is New, Unexpected, or Wrong 5. Seldom Block, Unfriend, Censor Others KEY THEMES
  15. 15. • Google Studie • Forschungsfragen • Methodologie • Erste Resultate • Bedeutung • Diskussion Individual Differences in Search
  16. 16. The Report Plus Dutton, W.H., Reisdorf, B.C., Dubois, E., and Blank, G. (2017), Search and Politics: The Uses and Impacts of Search in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, and the United States, Quello Center Working Paper available on SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2960697 Dutton, W.H. (2017), ‘Fake News, Echo Chambers, and Filter Bubbles: Underresearched and Overhyped’: https://theconversation.com/fake- news-echo-chambers-and-filter-bubbles-underresearched-and-overhyped-76688 Dutton, W. H. (2017), ‘Bubblebusters’, NESTA. http://readie.eu/bubblebusters- countering-fake-news-filter-bubbles-and-echo-chambers/
  17. 17. Social Media and Big Data Reshaping Privacy and Data Protection? ‘Privacy is dead, get over it.’ Scott McNealy • Social Networking Eroding Privacy? • Cambridge-Analytica Fiasco Chris Wylie (Whistle Blower)
  18. 18. Facebook Global Science Research (Aleksandr Kogan) Cambridge Analytica A Complicated Ethical Breach, Rather than a Security, Data Breach W. H. Dutton (2018), ‘Regulating Facebook won’t prevent data breaches’, The Conversation, https://theconversation .com/regulating- facebook-wont- prevent-data-breaches- Mark Zuckerberg Trump Election Campaign
  19. 19. Why Panic? Deterministic Perspectives – Loss of Control Tipping Point – Potentially Transformative Lack of Critical Multidisciplinary Research Problems are Real, but Exceptions v the Rule Focus of the Mass Media and News
  20. 20. Social Media Panics in the Press: Why? News Writing Mantra: Simplify and Exaggerate • Actual Implications Complex, Conflicting • Journalists Don't Read Social Science! Networked (Pack) Journalism • Dominant Story Lines & Messages in News Outlets • Reporters networked online (2018) v. The Boys on the Bus (1972) Deterministic Perspectives Simple & Attracts Readers • Technology (Company) Bites Humans • 50th Anniversary of 2001: The Space Odyssey and HAL
  21. 21. What Can Be Done? Address Panics Research Challenging the Press Analytical Skepticism Outreach: Speaking, Blogging, Disseminating Not Over- Simplifying

×