5th manheim

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5th manheim

  1. 1. The Future of the Internet and The Fifth Estate: The Internet’s Gift to Democracy William H. Dutton Oxford Internet Institute University of OxfordPrepared for the General Online Research Conference (GOR),Mannheim, Germany, 6 March 2013.
  2. 2. Reconfiguring Access: Information, People, Services, Technology
  3. 3. Politics and the Internet Irrelevant, Ineffectual, Clicktvisim Inherently Democratic, Autocratic Social Shaped: Reinforcement Politics Enhancing the Communicative Power of Networked Individuals – Conceptions of Digital Democracy
  4. 4. Politics and the Internet:Institutional Perspectives
  5. 5. A New Organizational Form:Enabling Networked Individuals
  6. 6. Networked Individuals• Financial Times 5 March 2013• Shandong Province, China• Online exposure of ground water contamination• Smartphone apps documenting smog and air pollution• China rolling out new anti-pollution measures
  7. 7. Research Foundations• Oxford Internet Surveys of Britain: 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011 and World Internet Project (WIP)• The Global Values Project: OII in collaboration with INSEAD, comScore, WEF, and ictQATAR• The Performance of Distributed Problem-Solving Networks (DPSN) Project (2007-8)• The Oxford e-Social Science Project (OeSS), Economic and Social Research Council (2005-12)• The Fifth Estate Project, supported by the OII, Oxford Internet Surveys (2003-2012), and June Klein, Electronic Boardroom™
  8. 8. Oxford Internet Surveys• 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013 (in the field)• Cross-sectional Surveys versus Panels• Multi-Stage Probability Sample• England, Scotland & Wales• Respondents: 14 years and older• Face-to-face Interviews, High Response Rates• Sponsorship for 2011 from the Nominet Trust, British Library, Ofcom, O2, and ITV.com• Component of World Internet Project (WIP)
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  10. 10. 11
  11. 11. EmpoweringNetworkedIndividuals
  12. 12. Enabling Networked Individuals
  13. 13. Martha Payne, 9 yr old girlwrites blog for school project inScotland: ‘NeverSeconds’- Produced content: photos &reviews school lunch in 2012- Distributed on her blog:neverseconds.blogspot.com/- Censored by her institution(her primary school’s council)-8,859,514 pages views-Fostered debate over thequality of school lunchesnationwide and worldwide
  14. 14. The Fifth Estate Press since the 18th Century -the ‘Fourth Estate’ Internet in the 21st - enabling aFifth Estate−−Enabling a critical mass of individuals to sourcetheir own information, and network with otherindividuals in ways that support distributed socialaccountability in business and industry,government, politics, and the media.
  15. 15. The Fourth Estate“[Edmund] Burke said there were Three Estatesin Parliament; but, in the Reporters’ Galleryyonder, there sat a Fourth Estate more prominentfar than they all. It is not a figure of speech, orwitty saying; it is a literal fact – very momentousto us in these times.”Thomas Carlyle (1831), Heroes and Hero-Worship, at www.gutenberg.org.etext/1091
  16. 16. Feudal Estates into the 21st CenturyEstates Feudal Modern Clergy Public Intellectuals Nobility Business, Industry and Economic Elites, including Internet Industrial Elites Commons Government and Politicians‘4th Estate’ Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Civil Society, Networked Individuals, Mobs
  17. 17. Montesquieu’s Tripartite System into the 21st (US Separation of Powers)Estates Tripartite Modern US Parallel Courts Judiciary Monarch Executive Parliament Legislative‘4th Estate’ Press Journalists and the Mass Media Mob Civil Society, Networked Individuals, Mobs
  18. 18. Networked Institutions v Networked Individuals Networked Institutions, such as in e-Health Networked Individuals:  going to the Internet for health and medical information  networking patients, e.g., UK Children With Diabetes Advocacy Group (500 Families)  networking physicians, e.g., Sermo
  19. 19. Sermo: a Collaborative Network Organisation
  20. 20. Arenas: Networked Institutions Networked IndividualsNews Online journalism, BBC Netizens, Citizen Online, Live Micro-Blogging Journalists, Bloggers, Whistleblowers, Leaks, Churnalism.org, Hacking BlacklashDemocracy E-Democracy, E- Obama campaign, Aung Consultation, e-Voting San Suu Kyi, Arab Springs, Anti-Bribery WebsitesEducation Online Learning, Multimedia Backchannels, Informal Classrooms Learning, Rate My TeacherHealth and Medical NHS Direct, e-mailing safety Going to the Internet for alerts health information, Sermo
  21. 21. The Fifth Estate?England Riots & Cleanup
  22. 22. Centrality of the Internet, Trust in Government and Attitudes toward Internet Regulation over TimeOxIS 2003: N=2,029; OxIS 2005: N=2,185; OxIS 2007 N=2,350. OxIS 2009: N=2,013
  23. 23. The Politics of the Fifth Estate
  24. 24. The Future of the Internet and The Fifth Estate: The Internet’s Gift to Democracy William H. Dutton Oxford Internet Institute University of OxfordPrepared for the General Online Research Conference (GOR),Mannheim, Germany, 6 March 2013.

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