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Managing Big Data Subsea - Subsea Internet of Things

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WFS Technologies (www.wfs-tech.com) has developed the building blocks for Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) enabling Smart Devices to extend wireless IoT networks through water and through ground, providing a low-cost alternative to cables, connectors and buoys. The industries served include Oil and Gas, Marine Equipment, Environmental and Defense. Key customer benefits include improved asset productivity, asset integrity management, safety and reducing costs for automation in the subsea environment.

The Internet of Things (IoT) wave is providing direct integration of the physical world into the digital world on a global scale. This is creating a disruptive step-change in the way mankind is organized, from work practices and leisure activities through to how industry is run. At the same time, we face many challenges relating to our environment and it is accepted that we cannot continue using the planet’s resources in the way we have been doing since the previous industrial revolution.

While the IoT revolution is impressive, it has yet to consider 70% of the world’s surface – the ocean. New technologies are required to bring IT infrastructure to the oceans and that’s where the largest opportunities are for both industry and the environmental challenges we face.

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Managing Big Data Subsea - Subsea Internet of Things

  1. 1. Smart Waters – Smart Cities July 2017 Managing Big Data Subsea Subsea IoT and Cloud Computing Solutions September 2018 WFS Technologies
  2. 2. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Agenda - Subsea Internet of Things: Collapsing the cost of Ocean Information • Introductions • Background • SIoT Technology • Applications • Activity with Fugro • Discussion Seatooth Hot-Swap: Connector-less, SIoT device architecture
  3. 3. Smart Waters – Smart Cities WFS Technologies • Founded Edinburgh, 2003 • World leader in: • Underwater wireless automation • Subsea Internet of Things® • Subsea Cloud Computing • Managing Big Data in the Ocean Industries: • Asset integrity • Flow assurance • Oceanographic monitoring  Smart, subsea wireless IT products and solutions 2 Seatooth Video - Total, Laggan Tormore Seatooth SWiCOM - Diver wPAN Trial Seatooth CTFM Real Time Fatigue Monitoring Seatooth PipeLogger-UF EOR automation Battery: up to 10 years Seatooth PipeLogger-UT Retrofit corrosion monitor Battery: up to 20 years Seatooth PipeLogger Non-penetrating temp controller Battery: up to 20 years
  4. 4. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Technical Challenge • Big Data is disrupting society  improved productivity, safety & flexibility, reduced costs – Underpinned by collapse in unit cost of data – Low cost wireless technology is the enabler of IoT and Cloud Computing: Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, 3/4/5G, NFC…. • Conventional wireless stops at the water/air and ground/air boundaries • Challenge: Extend Big Data to underwater and underground environments Extending Big Data to the ExtremeEdge Wireless: the Enabling Technology BigData CloudComputing IoT Wireless Value
  5. 5. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Key Advances at WFS • 250 man-year R&D program into low frequency radio & associated technologies – Seatooth: Efficient, wireless comms through water, seabed, concrete, metal – Seatooth Hybrid: Integrated Seatooth radios, acoustic, optical – Seatooth Endure: Ultra-low power, Seatooth radio technology  up to 30 year battery life – Seatooth Navigation: Ultra low power, low cost, GPS independent subsea location  up to 30 yr battery – Seatooth Connect: Wireless data+power for AUV docking – Seatooth ‘Hot-Swap’ Connector-less, SIoT device architecture  ultra-high reliability – Subsea Internet of Things: Bandwidth & power constrained wireless networks, Edge analytics – Subsea Cloud Computing: Data permanently at the edge Distributed and hybrid Cloud computing AI/ML at the edge Database synchronisation using AUVs Digital Ledger (Blockchain) to manage asset data • >350 patents applications filed
  6. 6. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Subsea Internet of Things is a network of smart, wireless sensors and smart devices configured to provide actionable operational intelligence such as performance, condition and diagnostic information Seatooth – Platform Technology Seatooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data through water and the water-air boundary using low frequency radio waves from 1 Hz to 2.485 GHz)
  7. 7. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Subsea Wireless Comes of Age - The Future is Hybrid Seatooth Hybrid • No single technology is the ‘silver bullet’ • Seatooth Hybrid Technology Radio, Acoustic, Optical, hardwired • Battery life up to 30 years
  8. 8. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Seatooth – Platform Technology - Collapsing the cost of critical information • Battery life 6 months  5-30 yrs • Transit splash zone Cabled  Wireless • Reliability Connectors/jumpers  Wireless/Sealed for life • Installation Work class ROV/Vessel  Light class ROV/Drone • Integration complexity High (wired)  Low (wireless) Access to information changes behaviours Seatooth PipeLogger – Retrofit Smart SIoT Device Driving without a fuel gauge…. atabase Synchronisation S art ater elocity Platform Online Monitoring (OLM)
  9. 9. Smart Waters – Smart Cities 9 Subsea Internet of Things - Wireless automation solutions incorporating standard sensors Seatooth Video Subsea wireless camera Battery: up to 8 hrs use Seawater Range: 3-5m Seatooth PipeLogger Mk2 Non-penetrating temp controller Process and seawater temp Temp: 0-100DegC +/- 2DegC Battery: up to 30 years Seatooth PipeLogger-UT Retrofit FMD/ corrosion monitor Wall Thickness: <250mm UT Accuracy: 0.1mm Up to 8 UT sensors Battery: up to 30 years Seatooth PipeLogger-TI Non-penetrating temp controller Pipe-in-pipe or up to 4” foa Temp: 0-100DegC +/- 5C Repeatability: 1DegC Battery: up to 30 years Seatooth PipeLogger-UF EOR automation Accuracy:+/- 2-5% Repeatability: +/- 2% Battery: up to 10 years Seatooth CP Corrosion automation solution Stork Voltage/Current sensor Battery: up to 30 years Seatooth CTFM Fatigue management Real time & cumulative Seatooth Smart Clamp For risers and flowlines Suitable for splash zone Deployable by light class ROV Self-monitoring Seatooth SWiCOM Subsea wireless diver automation Seatooth wireless Android tablet Battery: up to 8 hrs continuous Seawater Range: 5-10m Seatooth LightRope Subsea wireless RFID For diver and ROV automation Battery: 16 hrs use; 2 yr standby Seawater Range: 5m Seatooth WiPS Wireless Pressure/Temp Integrated display Seatooth Vibration Fatigue, VIV, FIV monitoring Up to 1kHz Battery: up to 5 years
  10. 10. Smart Waters – Smart Cities • Oil & Gas – Process Optimization – Asset Integrity Automation - CAPEX reduction • Offshore wind/wave – Asset Integrity Automation – Environmental footprint monitoring • Environmental monitoring – Climate change model calibration – Flood monitoring – Pollution monitoring in sea, rivers, reservoirs • Defense – Wide area sensor networks for homeland security • Aquaculture – Feed management – Disease control management – Asset Integrity Automation – Environmental footprint/ pollution monitoring • Fishing – Shoal location • Subsea mining – Process automation – Asset integrity automation • Earthquake Monitoring – Real time monitoring of foundation integrity – Foundation design ‘right-size’ Markets and Applications
  11. 11. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Wireless Automation Solutions – Key Application Areas • Process Optimization – Real time point & distributed temperature – EOR Water/Gas injection optimization – Slug management – Hydrate/Wax management – Chemical injection optimization Increase production by up to 15% Decrease chemical costs by up to 50% • Asset Integrity Automation - Offshore structure FMD & fatigue monitoring - Riser/completion fatigue monitoring - Mooring fatigue monitoring - Field-wide corrosion optimization (CP) - Point corrosion/Erosion automation (UT) - Crack inspection automation (ACFM) - Impressed Current optimization (ICCP) - Vibration Management (FLIP, VIV, Span) - Leak detection  Reduce costs by up to 90% 10
  12. 12. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Wireless Automation Solutions – Key Application Areas • Oceanographic – Continuous wave monitoring on platforms and shallow water – Time-syncronised multi-parameter data sets – Wide area sensor networks with extended battery life – Climate change model calibration and correction  Reduce costs by up to 90% 10 Real Time Leak Monitoring Solution
  13. 13. Smart Waters – Smart Cities  Deployment and recovery of wireless sensor networks from RIBs and small vessels  Real-time monitoring using Seatooth Hybrid sensor networks up to 10m from shore Shallow Water Wireless Sensor Network  Battery life up to 30 years  Local data processing Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Shallow Water Wireless Sensor Networks
  14. 14. Smart Waters – Smart Cities  Information recovery from remote sensors using AUV  Low cost AUV with >100 mile range  Battery life up to 30 years Deep Water Sensor Network Sync using AUV Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Deep Water Sensor Networks using AUV
  15. 15. Smart Waters – Smart Cities  Information recovery from remote sensors using RIB or small boat  Range up to 35m through sea water  Battery life up to 30 years Shallow Water Sensor Network Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Shallow Water Sensor Networks with Vessel/USV
  16. 16. Smart Waters – Smart Cities  Information recovery from remote sensors using buoy  Range up to 40m through sea water  Immune to Bio fouling & turbidity  Battery life up to 30 years Shallow Water Wireless Sensor Network Shallow Water Wireless Sensor Network Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Shallow Water Wireless Sensor Network with Buoy
  17. 17. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Remote Information Recovery using Eyeball ROV  Information recovery from remote sensors using eyeball ROV  Range up to 7m through sea water  Immune to Bio fouling & turbidity  Battery life up to 30 years Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Remote Information recovery using Eyeball ROV
  18. 18. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Shallow Water Remote Wireless Release  SIoT Skids deployed using manned/unmanned vessel  Low cost deployment & recovery of sensor networks  Seatooth Release range up to 35m in seawater  Acoustic/Auto release in deeper water  Battery life up to 30 years Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Sensor Skids with Release
  19. 19. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Shallow Water Wireless Sensor Network Communication Through Air/Water Boundary  Information recovery from remote sensors using low cost drone  Battery life up to 30 years Subsea Internet of Things (SIoT) - Wide Area Sensor Network Sync using UAV
  20. 20. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Subsea Internet of Things - Reduce Inspection costs and detecting failures Benefits of Subsea Internet of Things • On-Line Monitoring (OLM)  Real time information • Reduce inspection costs by >50% • Reduce installed sensor cost by >80% • Increase data density by >102 • Improved repeatability, accuracy, resolution • Reduce AIM maintenance/repair costs • Extend asset life • Reduced risk • Inspecting what? – Leaks, Corrosion, Cracks, Fatigue, Movement • Why so few asset integrity sensors? – High cable installation costs – Battery swap costs – High cost of repair • Inspection cost drivers: – Diver  DSV costs, safety, complexity – ROV  ROV spread costs, complexity • Regulatory driven • Low data density  limited root cause analysis Subsea Internet of Things
  21. 21. Smart Waters – Smart Cities OLM : Using Big Data to Reduce costs and Risk - System Architecture • Subsea Cloud Computing Network (SCCN) – Seatooth Smart Clamps, integrated sensors, ExtremeEdge analytics • Up to 20 year battery – Seatooth FMD Smart Sensors, • Up to 30 year battery – Dual redundant wireless sensor network – Seatooth Control Station integrated with PI SCADA – Options: • AUV database synchronisation • Seatooth Hybrid radio-acoustic to extend SCCN to remote sensors • Sensor set – Primary: Strain & Accelerometer/ Vibration (Fatigue), UT (FMD) – Secondary: wave height (Pressure), CP, Temperature – Optional: acoustic, ACFM • Seatooth Smart clamps – Deployable by light class ROV – Self-monitoring SCCN with 12 x Seatooth Smart Sensor Nodes 60 x Seatooth FMD Nodes AUV Database Synchronisation
  22. 22. Smart Waters – Smart Cities • Benefits of On-Line Monitoring – Real time information leading to improved level of confidence in integrity of structures – Step reduction in inspection costs through substitution of vessel deployed ROVs by platform deployed eyeball ROVs – Extended inspection intervals and targeted campaigns – Reduced information latency leading to lower cost to repair and fewer unplanned interventions – Improved safety through reduced use of rope access – Improved ease of gathering and reporting asset integrity information – Improved fatigue models and cumulative fatigue life information leading to extended asset life and reduced CAPEX on new structures OLM : Using Big Data to Reduce Cost and Risk - Business Case
  23. 23. Smart Waters – Smart Cities OLM : Using Big Data to Reduce Cost and Risk - Seatooth Smart Clamp with Integrated Sensors • Seatooth Smart Clamp – Seatooth wireless controller • Accelerometer monitors clamp stability • Data logging and data processing – Seatooth Antenna – Fatigue Monitoring: Strain Sensor System (SSS) – Flooded Member Monitoring: UT Sensor • Strain Sensor System (SSS) – Strain sensor attached to load-spreading bar – Screw action embeds location pins – 4 x SSS located at 90Deg on each clamp • Seatooth Smart Clamps – Structure-wide monitoring Strain Sensor Module Seatooth Smart Clamp Location pin Load-spreading bar Monitored structure Seatooth Antenna Seatooth Wireless Controller
  24. 24. Smart Waters – Smart Cities OLM : Using Big Data to Reduce Cost and Risk - Seatooth FMD Smart Sensor • Seatooth FMD Smart Sensor – Seatooth FMD wireless range of 30m – Up to 3 x Integrated UT sensor – Magnetic clamp, optional retaining strap – FMD readings monthly & on-demand – Battery life up to 30 years Seatooth FMD with 3 x UT Sensors
  25. 25. Smart Waters – Smart Cities
  26. 26. Smart Waters – Smart Cities • Requirement – Real ti e onitoring of strain and vibration of 6” gas riser above splash zone • Solution – Seatooth Online Monitoring System (SOLM) • SIoT devices with integrated strain sensors • Seatooth Endure power management  >5 yrs • Edge data analytics • Seatooth Hybrid wireless network (Seatooth/Bluetooth) • Smart clamps • Benefits – Continuous monitoring of strain – Cable-less – Extended battery life Gas Riser Fatigue Monitoring Gas Riser Seatooth OLM SIoT Device with Smart Clamp Gas Riser
  27. 27. Smart Waters – Smart Cities • Requirement – Gas manifold gas spool UT and Vibration monitoring at critical bends • Solution – Seatooth Online Monitoring System • SIoT devices with integrated UT & Vibration sensors • Seatooth Endure power management  up to 5 yrs • Edge data analytics • Seatooth Hybrid wireless network • Smart magnetic clamps • Benefits – Continuous monitoring of corrosion & vibration – Reduced inspection cost; – Reduced risk • Target installation 1Q19 Subsea Pipeline Integrity Monitoring SOLM Proposed SIoT Device Location
  28. 28. Smart Waters – Smart Cities
  29. 29. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Selected WFS Customers and Deployments
  30. 30. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Selected References - Oil & Gas/Asset Integrity Date Installed Operator/Field Country Solution Sensor Make Measured Parameter Operational History 2013 Woodside, N Shelf Australia Packing valve video monitoring Bowtech Video Used during IRM campaign 2014 EnQuest, Don Southwest UK Export line temperatue monitoring RTD Temperature Deployed under concrete blanket 2014 Talisman/Repsol UK Flowline upheaval buckling monitoring RTD Temperature 20 systems supplied for deployment across UK assets 2015 Apache, John Brooks Australia Export line temperatue monitoring RTD Temperature System installed Oct 15 2015 Petrobras, Santos Basin Brazil Coiled Tubing fatigue monitoring Strainstall, Invensense Strain, acceleration 10 x system deployments Aug - Dec 15 2015 Total, Laggan Tormore UK Video monitoring of construction Bowtech Video Deployed 3 times furing 2015 2015 Taqa, N Cormorant UK Corrosion monitoring network Voltage Network of 14 nodes; commissioned 2H15 2015 JAMSTEC Japan Flow monitoring Flow Qualification trials completed 4Q16 2015 Shell, Malampaya Philippine s Rock dumping monitoring GE Pressure Deployed 2Q15 2016 DRDC Canada Submarine corrosion monitoring Stork Voltage, Current Deployed Oct 16 2017 Quadrant Energy, John Brooks Australia Export line temperatue monitoring RTD Temperature Deployed 1Q17 2017 BP/SD2, Azerbijan Pipeline Pre-commissioning automation Yokogawa Pressure, Temperature Deployed 2H17 2017 YFP Nigeria Export line temperatue monitoring RTD Temperature Deployed 1H17
  31. 31. Smart Waters – Smart Cities • Big Data underpinned by low cost sensors, IoT and Cloud • Innovations at WFS extend Big Data Subsea • SIoT and Subsea Cloud Computing deliver step change: – Increased production/reduced operating costs – Reduced asset integrity management costs – Extended asset life; Improved safety Summary Wireless On-Line Monitoring, N Sea Source: Sam Johnston Subsea Cloud Computing
  32. 32. Smart Waters – Smart Cities Discussion Brendan Hyland Brendan@wfs-tech.com +44 78 010 63450

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