Presentation on Brazil's Cisterns Program - English
Cisterns Program National Secretariat of Food and Nutrition Security
Water and Food Security- Water, considered as food, can be found among thefundamental rights of Brazilians – Art. 6 of the Constitution(Constitutional Amendment No. 64/2010).- Access to water as a component of food security (Art. 4,Section I of the Organic Law on Food and Nutrition Security). - Universal access to quality and sufficient water for bothhuman intake and food production can be found in theNational Policy on Food and Nutrition Security (Art. 3, SectionVI of Decree No. 7.272/2010).
THE BRAZILIAN SEMI-ARID REGION• 969 thousand km² – (20.3% of the national territory)• Highly inhabited semi-arid region: 22 million people.- 1,134 municipalities in 9 States.- 40% of the population from extremely poor rural areas (IBGE 2010).
CISTERNS PROGRAM• PURPOSE: ensure that low-income rural population from the semi-arid region have access to drinking water, through the storage of rainwater in tanks (cisterns).• Families with no access to water supply – randomly provided.
CISTERNS – SOCIAL TECHNOLOGY. TO PROVIDE ACCESS TO WATER •Simple and efficient rainwater capture structure. •Easy-to-use equipment, family use, low cost (BRL 2,000.00), simple maintenance, high durability. • Storage Tank: 16,000 liter of rainwater for domestic use (drinking, cooking, personal hygiene).
BENEFITS FOR THE MOST VULNERABLE POPULATION• In general, families headed by women, with children and the elderly undergoing food insecurity, always in remote places.
IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGY1. Community Mobilization- Capacity building andmobilization of leaders fromthe civil society through citycouncils and committees –program steps.- Selection of families carriedout in a participatory andtransparent way.
IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGY2. Capacity Building- Training of technical staff,trainers and bricklayers from thelocal community.- Capacity for families in themaintenance of tanks (cisterns)and the use and treatment ofwater, as well as in notions oncitizenship and living in the semi-arid region.
IMPLEMENTATION METHODOLOGY3. Participatory construction: involvement of beneficiary families and thecommunity in general throughout the construction process.
EFFECTIVENESS OF THE USE OF PUBLIC RESOURCES4.Control- Cisterns receive an identification plate on which a number and geographical reference is written;- Families are registered in the program and sign a receipt (Acknowledgement of Receipt);- Data is made available through the monitoring system (SIG Cisterns) and also on the MDS website(www.mds.gov.br/cisternas)
Annual Budget until December/2011 BRL 765 millions in 9 years
Number of Cisterns Built Annually until December/2011 415 thousand cisterns built
PARTNERSHIPS• Brazilian Semi-Arid Articulation (ASA);• State Governments;• Municipal Government and Consortiums;• Spanish International Cooperation Agency (AECID);• Brazilian Federation of Banks (FEBRABAN);
BRAZIL WITHOUT EXTREME POVERTY: Water for All: Universal Access to Water – Rural Areas in Brazil Water for All Cisterns Program (MDS and other Ministries (MDS) and Public Banks)- 750 thousand cisterns in the Semi-Arid Region (water forconsumption)- 600 thousand families receiving water for production
BRAZIL WITOUTH EXTREME POVERTY WATER FOR ALL Program MDS Goals• CURRENT DEMAND: 750 THOUSAND CISTERNS• 2011 - 210 thousand cisterns• 2012 - 190 thousand• 2013 – 130 thousand• TOTAL : 530 THOUSAND CISTERNS IN 2.5 YEARS
RESULTS AND IMPACTSSocial Impacts of the Cisterns Program (MDS/SAGI – EMBRAPA)Sample of 4,189 households, stratified by 11 Landscape Units(Agroecological Zoning of the Northeastern Region).Some Results:Less time spent on searching for and carrying water, especiallywith regard to women and children.More time for leisure activities, especially for children, andmore time for adults to dedicate themselves to children.Improved quality of water consumed by families.Decrease in the number of times adults and children get sick.93% of families say they are very satisfied with the cisterns.
INDIRECT RESULTS• 14 thousand bricklayers capacitated;• Training and hiring of young people through the program;• About 3 thousand community leaders mobilized who have contributed to the organization of community – rights and investments – through the program.• Networking among municipal and state government, and the civil society.
RESULTS AND IMPACTS• Empowerment of families – access to water unchains families from local political dependence;• Intensification of local economy – construction material and workforce employed by the local community;• Possible effect on the decrease in child mortality and rural exodus.
Segunda Água – Food production for family use and commercialization of surplusPurpose:- Improve water capture, storage and use for domesticpurposes through the dissemination of experiences andtechnologies of sustainable use of land and waterresources;- Implement water capture and storage units;-Capacity and promotion of experiences exchange onsustainable management of water resources.
Segunda Água Program – Implementation Methodology1. Mobilization- Establishing local commissions, registering and selecting eligiblefamilies;2. Capacity Building- Training technical team, replicators and bricklayers, as well as offeringcourses on Management of Water Resources for Food Production andmanagement of implemented social technologies;3. Exchanges- Regional and municipal exchanges;- Peer-to-peer exchange of knowledge, appreciation of local knowledge;4.Implementation of social technologies- Equipment + infrastructure and inputs for production – BRL 850.00 (USD 512.00)5. Control- Setting a georeferenced database with information on each technologyimplemented and benefitting family registered.
Social Technologies Implemented through the Segunda Água Program Stone Tanks Underground Dams Ground Capture Systems Low-cost Water Pumps Runoff Collection TanksFinancial Execution: 3 Partnership Agreement with AP1MC, State2008-2010: BRL 87 million Partnership with BA, RN, PI, CE, PE and2011: BRL 120 million Municipal ConsortiumsAverage Price: BRL 10 thousand (BRL 6,030.00)
Cisterns in Schools 914 benefitting schools1) Training and capacity building for children,teachers/workers in food security and living in the semi-arid region;2) Promotion of improved teaching and learningconditions through improved water, food and nutritionalsecurity;3) Strengthening of the process of social, cultural andpolitical change required for sustainable life in the semi-arid region of the state of Bahia and Brazil, in general.