National Food and Nutrition Security System - SISAN

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Presentation made by Roberta Marins de Sá, Executive Secretat of the Interministerial Board of Food and Nutritional Security - CAISAN, Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger, during International Seminar on Social Policies held on 27-30 August 2012 in Brasilia.

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  • Com este é possível explicar toda a gestão do sisan, dando ênfase na importância dos Estados e Municípios, e no Plano Nacional como o instrumento vigente de articulação, execução e monitoramento do SISAN
  • Neste ponto, apresentar o Plansan todo marcado, mostrando a interface enorme que existe entre o Plano e a SESAN
  • National Food and Nutrition Security System - SISAN

    1. 1. NATIONAL FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY SYSTEM - SISAN ROBERTA MARINS DE SÁExecutive Secretat of the Interministerial Board of Food and Nutritional Security - CAISAN
    2. 2. What is SISAN?It is a system under construction, which aims toformulate and implement policies and plans for foodand nutrition security, encouraging integration effortsbetween government and civil society, and promotemonitoring and evaluation of food and nutritionsecurity in the country.
    3. 3. Historical Perspective 1993 - Establishment of the National Council of Food and Nutritional Security- CONSEA; 1994 - First National Conference of Food and Nutrition Security; 1995 - Extinction of CONSEA; 1996 - World Food Summit - FAO; 2003 - FOME ZERO Strategy; 2003 – Restoration the CONSEA; 2004 - Creation of the Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger; 2004 - Second National Conference of Food and Nutrition Security (SAN); 2006 - Organic Law on Food and Nutritional Security - LOSAN, Law 11.346/2006;
    4. 4. Historical Perspective 2006 - Second National Conference of SAN + 2; 2007 - Establishment of the Interministerial Board on Food and Nutrition Security - CAISAN; 2007 - Third National Conference of SAN; 2009 - Third National Conference of SAN + 2; 2010 - Inclusion of the human right to food in the Constitution - EC 64; 2010 - Decree 7.272 establishing the National Policy of SAN; 2011-First National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security; 2011 - IV National Conference , states, territorial / regionals of SAN; 2011-2012 – Adhesion of 23 states and the Federal District to Sisan.
    5. 5. Legal Frameworks LOSANOrganic Law on Food and Nutrition Security - Law 11346 ofSeptember 15, 2006CONSEADecree 6.272 of November 23, 2007 – Establishement of itscompetence, composition and functioningCAISANDecree 6.273 of November 23, 2007 – Established theInterministerial Board of Food and Nutritional Security
    6. 6. Legal Frameworks EC 064/2010Human Right to Food inserted in art. 6 of the 1988 Federal Constitution through aconstitutional amendment approved and sanctioned in February 2010 PNSANDecree 7.272 of August 25, 2010 - establishing a National Policy for Food andNutritional Security and sets criteria for establishing the First National Plan forFood and Nutritional SecurityRESOLUTION 09/2011Provides about the procedures and content of the terms for adhesion by any State, FederalDistrict and Municipalities to the National Food and Nutritional Security System
    7. 7. Lei 11.346, de 15 de September 15, 2006 Law 11.346 of setembro de 2006Creates the National Food and Nutritional SecuritySystem - SISAN in order to assure the human right toadequate foodArticle 2 The adequate access to food is afundamental human right, inherent to human dignityand indispensable for the accomplishment of therights enshrined by the Constitution. And thegovernment should adopt policies and actions thatare necessary to promote and ensure food andnutrition security of the population
    8. 8. Lei 11.346, de 15 of September 15, 2006 Law 11.346 de setembro de 2006Article 3 The food and nutritional security is theaccomplishment of everyone’s right to regular andpermanent access to quality food in sufficient quantity,without compromising access to other essential needs.Considering food practices capable of promoting health –and also oriented to a environmentally, culturally,economically and socially sustainable approach.
    9. 9. Lei 11.346, de 15 de setembro de 2006 Law 11.346 of September 15, 2006Article 10. The SISAN aims to - - to formulate and implement policies and plans for foodand nutrition security, - to stimulate the integration of efforts betweengovernment and civil society, as well as, - to promote the evaluation and monitoring of food andnutritional security of the country.
    10. 10. Lei 11.346, de 15 of September 15, 2006 Law 11.346 de setembro de 2006Article 11. Integrate SISAN:I – The National Conference on Food and NutritionalSecurity;II – The CONSEA;III – The CAISAN;IV – The organs and entities of food and nutritional securityof the Union, States, Federal District and Municipalities ; andV – private institutions, with or without profit, which expressinterest in adhesion and that respect the criteria, principlesand guidelines of SISAN
    11. 11. NATIONAL CONFERENCE NATIONAL COUNCIL INTERMINISTERIAL CHAMBER NATIONAL PLAN STATE CONFERENCEADHES AND NUTRITION SECURITY POLICY - PNSANSTATE, FEDERAL D FÓRUM TRIPARTITE STATE COUNCIL INTERSECTORIAL BOARD STATE PLAN BY DHAA MANAGEMENT FÓRUM BIPARTITE PACTS OF MUNICIPAL CONFERENCE MUNICIPAL COUNCIL INTERSECTORIAL BOARD MUNICIPAL PLAN NATIONAL FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY SYSTEM
    12. 12. Interministerial Board of Food and Nutrition Security - CAISAN
    13. 13. CAISAN Composition – Ministerial Group MINISTRY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND FIGHT AGAINST HUNGER– TEREZA CAMPELLO – PRESIDENT PRESIDENTIAL CHIEF OF STAFF – GLEISI HOFFMANNMINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND SUPPLY– JORGE ALBERTO PORTANOVA MENDES RIBEIRO FILHO MINISTRY OF CITIES– AGUINALDO VELLOSO BORGES RIBEIRO MINISTRY OF AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT– PEPE VARGAS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION– ALOIZIO MERCADANTE MINISTRY OF FINANCE– GUIDO MANTEGA MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT– IZABELLA TEIXEIRA MINISTRY OF PLANNING, BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT– MIRIAM BELCHIOR MINISTRY OF HEALTH– ALEXANDRE PADILHA MINISTRY OF LABOUR– BRIZOLA NETO MINISTRY OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION– FERNANDO BEZERRA MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY– MARCO ANTONIO RAUPP MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS– ANTÔNIO PATRIOTA MINISTRY OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE– MARCELO BEZERRA CRIVELLA GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE PRESIDENCY- GILBERTO CARVALHO SPECIAL SECRETARIAT ON POLICIES FOR WOMEN OF THE PRESIDENCY – ELEONORA MENICUCCI SPECIAL SECRETARIAT ON HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE PRESIDENCY - MARIA DO ROSÁRIO SPECIAL SECRETARIAT FOR POLICIES TO PROMOTE RACIAL EQUALITY– LUIZA HELENA DE BARROS
    14. 14. CAISAN’S ASSIGNMENTSTo prepare the first National Plan of Food and Nutrition Security, stating goals, funding sourcesand instruments for evaluating and monitoring of its implementation;To coordinate the implementation of the Policy and the National Plan for Food and NutritionSecurity, through continuous dialogue between the CONSEA and enforcement agencies, andmonitoring the proposed multi-year plan, the budget directives law and annual budget;To generate necessary information to CONSEA for the monitoring of the National Food andNutrition Security System;To ensure the revision of the National Food and Nutrition Security Plan every two years, basedon the guidelines of this House, the proposals of CONSEA and monitoring its implementation;To establish and coordinate the Tripartite Forum;To promote dialogue and agreement with the organs and entities of the Federal Governmenton the management and integration of programs and actions of the National Food and NutritionalSecurity Plan;
    15. 15. CAISAN’S ASSIGNMENTSTo develop jointly with representatives of intersectoral chambers from States, Federal Districtand Municipalities the pact of management and others instruments of federative pacts;To discipline, after consulting the CONSEA, the procedures for the preparation of the agreementinstruments, definitions regarding the composition and form of organization of tripartite andbipartite forums as well as the criteria and procedures for participation in SISAN;To formalize membership and participation of non governmental and nonprofitableorganizations;To regulatory procedures and content of the membership terms and participation terms;To monitor and evaluate, in an integrated manner, the allocation of resources andimplementation of actions and programs related to food and nutrition security in multi-annualplan and annual budgets;To monitor and evaluate the results and impacts of the Policy and the National Plan of Foodand Nutrition Security.
    16. 16. CONSEA AND CAISAN CONSEA CAISAN Dec. 6272/2010 Dec. 6273/2010Executive Executive General Secretary President SecretarySecretary Ministers Ministerial Group Substitutes Executive Group
    17. 17. I National Plan of Food andNutrition Security - PLANSAN
    18. 18. National Plan for Food and Nutritional SecurityWhy is it strategic?•It meets the states efforts to accomplish the human right to adequate foodfor all Brazilians;•It implements intersectoral policy, a fundamental principle of Food andNutrition Policy, and works with all scope of SAN - production, marketing andconsumption of food;•It demonstrates the ability to articulate the government and civil society tobuild the SAN policy;
    19. 19. National Plan for Food and Nutritional SecurityWhy is it strategic?•It is aligned with the PPA, the main planning instrument of public policy ofthe government;•It articulates policies to combat and prevent hunger, and protect the countryfrom food crises;•It strengthens the culture of rights and the instruments of exigibility;•It implements the policy in such a way articulated in time and territory,making the National Plan linked to the state and municipal plans of SAN.
    20. 20. Stages of Construction– I PNSAN1.Construction of pre-proposed Plan by CAISAN; • Technical Committee 03 (2010) - Preparation of recommendations  for the construction of the First National Plan of SAN • Technical Committee 04 (2011) • Meetings for agreement among the feferal entities • Consultation at the Directive Table of CONSEA2. Contributions of civil society within the SISAN; • Permanent Committees of CONSEA and the Plenary3. Evaluation and validation by the CAISAN Ministerial Group .
    21. 21. METHODOLOGY1.Systematization of objectives, goals and initiatives composing the PPA,according to 8 guidelines presented in National Policy for Food and NutritionalSecurity (PNSAN) as defined in Decree No. 7.272/2010;2.Selection, considering the challenges, of the objectives and guidelines forPNSAN, goals and priority initiatives, along with the bodies, having as privilegedlocus of negotiation, the CT4 meetings;3.Incorporation of demands from society expressed in the final report of theThird National Conference of SAN and in the spaces for dialogue, that werecarried out with the participation of representatives of CONSEA;4.Adjustments to the content of the Plan: fusion and reforming of objectives inorder to be adequate it with challenges, defining new goals and initiatives (notbudget); definition of stakeholders and partners.
    22. 22. National Policy for Food and Nutritional Security GUIDELINES - Decree 7.272/2010I - Promoting universal access to adequate and healthy food;II - Promotion of supply and structuring of sustainable and decentralized systems,of agroecological basis, production, extraction, processing and distribution of food;III - Establishment of permanent processes of food and nutritional education, research and training in the areas of SAN and DHAA;IV - Promotion, universalization and coordination of SAN actions aimed to traditional people and communities, such as afro descendants communities and indigenous peoples and agrarian reform settlers;
    23. 23. National Policy for Food and Nutritional Security GUIDELINES - Decree 7.272/2010V - Strengthening the actions of food and nutrition at all levels of care, so as to articulate other actions of SAN;VI - Promoting universal access to water in sufficient quantity and quality, with priority given to families in situations of water insecurity and to produce food from family farms and fisheries and aquaculture;VII - Supporting initiatives that promote food sovereignty, food and nutritional security and the human right to adequate food in the international arena;VIII - Monitoring the realization of the human right to adequate food;
    24. 24. Main Thematic Programmes– PPA (2012 - 2015)GUIDELINES THEMATIC PROGRAMS PPA 2012-20151 - Universal Access to Food Food and Nutrition Security, Bolsa Familia, Social Assistance System, Basic Education, Labor and Employment2 - Supply and Production System Food Security, Agriculture and Supply, Family Farming, Sustainable Land Development, Land Reform, Biodiversity, Forests, Licensing, Environmental Defense Agriculture, Fisheries and Aquaculture.3 - Education, Training and Research Food and Nutrition Security, Science and Technology, Agriculture Innovation, Human Rights, Biodiversity, Family Farming4 - Traditional Peoples and Communities Food and Nutrition Security, Indigenous Peoples, Racial Equality, Biodiversity, Forests, Family Farming5 - Food and Nutrition in Health Food and Nutrition Security, Health System6 - Access to Water Food and Nutrition Security, Sanitation7 - Sovereignty and SAN in International Scope Food and Nutrition Security, Foreign Policy, South American Integration, Family Farming8 – Monitoring of DHAA Food and Nutritional Security, Human RightsSISAN Food and Nutritional Security
    25. 25. SummaryPresentationIntroduction1.Context2.Challenges of the National Food and Nutrition Security Plan3.National Food and Nutrition Security System4. National Policy for Food and Nutrition Security Guidelines • Objectives • Goals • Initiatives5. Monitoring and Evaluation of the National Food and Nutrition SecurityAttachments
    26. 26. The SISAN in practical termsWHO says what to do? The ConferenceWHAT to do? PolicyWHO proposes it? CONSEA + Organs and InstitutionsWHO does it? CAISAN PLAN of SANHOW to do it? PPA, LDO and LOA
    27. 27. Accession to SISAN – Decree 7.272/2010Minimum requirements for the Terms of Adhesion (to beregulated by CAISAN, after consulting the CONSEA):I – State, district, or municipal board for food security andnutritional security, composed of 2/3 of representatives ofcivil society and one third of government representativesII – Chamber or governmental intersectoral managementagency for food and nutrition securityIII – Commitment to developing the state, county ormunicipal food and nutrition security plan
    28. 28. Adhesion of States and Municipalities• States that have not yet joined -> SP, MT and GO• Municipalities requesting /qualified for membership:  In the states: PI, MA, SP, MG, RS
    29. 29. GOALS 2012-2015• To promote the accession of 26 states and Federal District and 60% of municipalities;• To establish mechanisms and instruments of transfer of funds, in a direct and continuing way to manage SISAN, under co-financing;• To establish forums for Federal Pacts;• To encourage and support the development, with attention to principles of social participation and intersectorial, to State Plans, District and Municipal SAN;• To establish the 1st management pact by DHAA;• To support the State, District and Municipal Councils of SAN.
    30. 30. T H A N K S ;-) Executive Secretary ofInterministerial Board of Food and Nutritional Security caisan@mds.gov.br (61) 3433-1649/1571

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