Thailand as Emerging Donor
Thailand aims at helping other developing countries to achieve sustainable economic and social development through development cooperation by utilizing either her own expertise or the knowledge which was gained from her development partners, or the marriage of the two components.
Firstly, Thailand has cherished and pursued North-South-South cooperation, so-called partnership cooperation, in the spirit of partnership, on a cost-sharing basis, between Thailand and her development partners to assist other less developing countries in the last decade.
This cooperation madality is designed to optimize the effectiveness and create the synergy of technical assistance provided to the third countries by pooling expertise and resources of Thailand and her development partners through development cooperation in various forms, such as training courses, study visits, and sub-regional programmes.
With this target in mind, Thailand has successfully initiated her cooperation with several development partners, such as Canada, Japan, UNDP nad UNICEF, to provide development assistance to other developing countries.
Secondly, Thailand has also implemented bilateral cooperation with other developing countries, so-called South-South cooperation, for more than 30 years following the adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan. Such cooperation focuses mainly on human resources development in three main areas : education, health, and agriculture. Activities cover training, dispatching of Thai experts, and provision of equipment, including tailor-made training programmes, which require the identification and design of special courses in response to the need of Thailand's cooperation partners.
In the past, Thailand's bilateral programmes had been mainly directed to her immediate neighbours. In recent years, the programme has been expanded to other developing countries such as Timor Leste, Sri Lanka, and some African countries.